CCDC Person of the Month

Lucinda Rowe

Picture of Lucinda Rowe

Lucinda Rowe is a CCDC Certified Non-Attorney Advocate who assists with outreach for CCDC. This mother of three is also a full-time CNA for her 20-year-old daughter, Estrealla, who lives in their home, with severe Cerebral Palsy.

PASCO Home Health employs Lucinda to not only care for Estrealla, but also works as a Family Liaison where she regularly attends community events to spread the word of the opportunities available to families with children, adults, and elderly with disabilities, as well as sharing about the CCDC membership and Advocacy Training.

Lucinda’s passion for advocacy for the disability community has also led her to become a Parent Advocate through a Children's Hospital training program. She recently attended PolicyLink's Equity Conference 2018 in Chicago with several CCDC staff members.

She continues to follow in her Grandfather, Juan Haro’s, footsteps, as he was a community organizer in the Latino community during the 1970's.








If you have purchased, or attempted to purchase, tickets to the first row accessible seats at Red Rocks Amphitheatre and have been unsuccessful because such tickets were immediately unavailable for purchase from the original seller, you may be a member of the proposed Settlement Class affected by this lawsuit. This is a court-authorized notice.






The purpose of this notice is to inform you of a proposed settlement in a pending class action lawsuit brought on behalf of individuals with disabilities who use wheelchairs or other mobility devices against the City and County of Denver (the “City”). The case is entitled Lucas v. City and County of Denver, No. 16-cv-02565-WYD-MJW, and is pending in the United States District Court for the District of Colorado. The proposed class action settlement (“Settlement”) is set forth in a proposed Consent Decree, which must be approved by the United States District Court.




This lawsuit alleges that the City violated the Americans with Disabilities Act by failing to ensure that individuals with disabilities who use wheelchairs or other mobility devices were able to purchase tickets to the accessible seats in the first row of Red Rocks Amphitheatre (“Red Rocks”), which is owned and operated by the City. Plaintiffs and other individuals with disabilities who use wheelchairs or other mobility devices reported that, on many occasions, all accessible front row tickets were reported as unavailable for purchase within seconds of coming on sale, and were immediately resold -- at far higher prices -- on the secondary market, denying access to patrons with disabilities.


This is a class action. In a class action, one or more people or organizations, called Class Representatives (in this case Carrie Ann Lucas, Matthew Feeney, Kirk Williams, Kalyn Heffernan, James Vacik, and Frank Mango (“Plaintiffs”)), sue on behalf of people who have similar legal claims. All of these people are a Class or Class Members. One court resolves the issues for all Class Members. United States District Judge Wiley Y. Daniel is in charge of this class action.


The Court did not decide in favor of either Plaintiffs or the City in this case. Instead, both sides agreed to a settlement. That way, they avoid the cost, delay, and uncertainty of a trial. The settlement provides benefits that go to the Class Members. The Class Representatives and Class Counsel (the attorneys appointed by the Court to represent the Class) think the proposed settlement is in the best interests of the Class Members, taking into account the benefits of the settlement, the risks of continued litigation, and the delay in obtaining relief for the Class if the litigation continues.



The Settlement Class includes all individuals with disabilities who use wheelchairs or other mobility devices who allege that they have been, or in the future will be, excluded from participation in, denied the benefits of the services, programs, or activities of, denied meaningful access to, or subjected to discrimination at Red Rocks because of the City’s policies and practices (or lack thereof) relating to ticketing and seating for such individuals.




The following is a summary of certain provisions of the Settlement. The complete Settlement, set forth in the proposed Consent Decree, is available as set forth below.


The Settlement requires the City to make changes to its ticketing and seating policies to attempt to ensure that tickets for accessible seats in the first row at Red Rocks are available for purchase from the original seller by individuals with disabilities who use wheelchairs or other mobility devices.



Tickets for the first four rows at Red Rocks will be non-transferable. That is, they can only be used by the person who purchased them and others in their party.


This will be enforced by requiring the purchaser to present a government-issued photo ID.


Patrons with tickets to the accessible seats in the first row will be asked whether they or anyone in their party has a mobility disability requiring use of the accessible features of Row 1. If they respond “no,” no one in that party will be seated in accessible seats.


The City will publicize the new policies at Red Rocks and on their website, and will require purchasers of accessible seats to acknowledge the new policies at the time of purchase.


The City will continue to provide Accessible Shuttle service from the Upper South Lot as further described in the proposed Consent Decree.




The Settlement resolves and releases all claims for injunctive, declaratory, or other non- monetary relief that were brought, could have been brought, or could be brought in the future relating to or arising from any of the City’s alleged actions, omissions, incidents, or conduct related its ticketing and seating policies. The Agreement does not provide for any monetary relief to the Settlement Class, and it does not release any damages claims that Settlement Class members may have.




The settlement class is represented by the Civil Rights Education and Enforcement Center, the Colorado Cross-Disability Coalition, and Disability Law Colorado (“Class Counsel”). The City has agreed to pay Class Counsel their reasonable attorneys’ fees, expenses, and costs of $250,000 for

work through final approval of the Settlement, and $50,000 for work related to monitoring the settlement over the next two years. These amounts are subject to the approval by the Court.




The Class Representatives and Class Counsel have concluded that the terms and conditions of the proposed Settlement are fair, reasonable, adequate, and in the best interests of the Settlement Class. In reaching this conclusion, the Class Representatives and Class Counsel have considered the benefits of the settlement, the possible outcomes of continued litigation of these issues, the expense and length of continued litigation, and actual and possible appeals.




The Court has preliminarily approved the Settlement, and has scheduled a hearing for June 7, 2018, at 10:00 a.m., in Courtroom A-1002, Alfred A. Arraj Courthouse, 901 19th Street, Denver, CO 80294 to decide whether the proposed settlement is fair, reasonable, and adequate, and should be finally approved. Although you are not required to attend, as a Settlement Class Member, you have the right to attend and be heard at this hearing, as specified in the next section below. At the hearing, the Court will consider any objections to the Settlement. Judge Daniel will listen to people who have asked to speak at the hearing. After the hearing, the Court will decide whether to approve the Settlement. The Court will also consider the agreed upon amount to award Class Counsel as reasonable attorneys’ fees, costs and litigation expenses. We do not know how long this decision will take.


If the Court approves the Settlement, all Class members will be bound by the provisions of the Settlement with respect to claims against the City for injunctive relief and attorneys’ fees and costs under the Americans with Disabilities Act relating to ticketing and seating at Red Rocks, and any such claims will be barred..




If you wish to object to the Settlement or to speak at the hearing, you must send any objection and/or notice of your intent to appear at the hearing to the Court in writing on or before May 20, 2018, and include the case number (Civil Action No. 16-cv-02565-WYD-MJW), to the following address: Clerk of the Court, US Courthouse, 901 19th Street, Denver, CO 80294.


Please note that the Court can only approve or deny the settlement. The Court cannot change the settlement’s terms.


All objections must be submitted or postmarked on or before May 20, 2018.


Any Class Member who does not object at or before the Final Approval Hearing will be deemed to have approved the Settlement and to have waived such objections and shall not be able to make any objections (by appeal or otherwise) to the Settlement.








The terms of the Settlement are only summarized in this notice. For the precise and full terms and conditions of the settlement, please see the Settlement Agreement available at or by accessing the Court docket on this case through the Court’s Public Access to Electronic Records (PACER) system at, or by visiting the office of the Clerk of the Court for the United States District Court for the District of Colorado, 901 19th Street, Denver, CO 80294, between 8:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding Court holidays.


You can also obtain more detailed information about the settlement or a copy of the Settlement Agreement from Class Counsel at any of the following addresses:


Amy F. Robertson

Civil Rights Education and Enforcement Center 104 Broadway, Suite 400

Denver, CO 80203



Alison Butler or Jennifer Purrington Disability Law Colorado

455 Sherman St., Suite 130

Denver, CO 80203



Kevin Williams

Colorado Cross-Disability Coalition

1385 S. Colorado Boulevard, Suite 610-A Denver, CO 80222



Please do not direct questions to the District Court.


To obtain copies of this Notice or the Consent Decree in alternative accessible formats, please contact Class Counsel listed above.


CCDC Logo that reads: #HandsOffMyADA


H.R. 620 passed the House of Representatives on February 15, 2018, by a vote of 225 to 192, and it will next be voted on by the Senate. Given the current political climate, and despite all of our efforts to prevent these types of laws from chipping away at the rights of people with disabilities in the past, this law is very likely to pass. We must stop this! Call or write to your Senator or all Senators as soon as possible and provide the following information:

The so-called "ADA Education and Reform Act of 2017," says that places of public accommodation no longer have to be proactive and make sure that they are accessible to people with disabilities. Instead, a business can remain inaccessible to the public until a person with a disability who has been denied access jumps through multiple hoops to notify the business that it is violating the Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”) and then waits up to 6 months for the business to make "progress" in fixing the problem. These notice requirements and the vagueness of "progress" means that it will be months before people with disabilities can see the doctor, buy a cake, or eat at a restaurant with friends. This bill is a travesty and upends the intent and purpose of the ADA. No other individuals protected by our civil rights laws are treated this way and individuals with disabilities should not have to bear the burden of asking a business not to discriminate against them before the business comes into compliance. It is unacceptable.

Many people want to know exactly what this bill does. There are other onerous provisions, but, most importantly, in its current form, it does the following (the text has been modified slightly to make it understandable, but the following provides language that comes straight from the bill itself; the text that is bolded has been bolded by CCDC).


• It changes the remedies section of Title III of the ADA so that neither the Department of Justice (“DOJ”) nor private individuals aggrieved by the failure to remove barriers that create inaccessibility in existing facilities and/or their attorneys may file a lawsuit against any existing public accommodation unless:

o that person has provided to the owner or operator of the public accommodation a written notice specific enough to allow such owner or operator to identify the barrier; and

o during the period beginning on the date the notice is received and ending 60 days after that date, the owner or operator fails to provide to that person a written description outlining improvements that will be made to remove the barrier; or

o if the owner or operator provides the written description (as described above), the owner or operator fails to remove the barrier or to make substantial progress in removing the barrier during the period beginning on the date the description is provided and ending 120 days after that date.

• SPECIFICATION OF DETAILS OF ALLEGED VIOLATION.—The written notice required (as described above) must also specify in detail the circumstances under which an individual was actually denied access to a public accommodation, including the address of property, the specific sections of the Americans with Disabilities Act alleged to have been violated, whether a request for assistance in removing an architectural barrier to access was made, and whether the barrier to access was a permanent or temporary barrier.


• The ADA has been in existence for nearly 28 years, and places of public accommodation have had all of that time to come into compliance. According to the DOJ, “The obligation to engage in readily achievable barrier removal is a continuing one. Over time, barrier removal that initially was not readily achievable may later be required because of changed circumstances.” In addition, it says, “The ADA is geared to the future -- its goal being that, over time, access will be the rule, rather than the exception. Thus, the Act only requires modest expenditures, of the type addressed in [the regulations], to provide access to existing facilities not otherwise being altered, but requires all new construction and alterations to be accessible.”

• The whole purpose of the existing facilities statute and regulations was designed to ensure that public accommodations would take steps over time since the ADA was enacted to become accessible. All that is required is what is “readily achievable,” which is defined as “easily accomplishable and able to be carried out without much difficulty or expense.” So the kinds of things that public accommodations were supposed to do over more than 27 years were things like installing ramps, making curb cuts in sidewalks and entrances, repositioning shelves, installing accessible door hardware, installing accessible parking spaces, installing grab bars in toilet stalls, etc. Why is Congress trying to give places of public accommodation a free pass for the simple things they were supposed to be doing over all these years?

• If this bill passes, all of the places of public accommodation that have not done anything for over 27 years to come into compliance with the ADA, will have no incentive whatsoever to bring their facilities into compliance until an individual with a disability goes through the complicated steps outlined in the bill that was passed out of the House.

• It is completely inappropriate have a requirement like this in any civil rights statute protecting any group of individuals.

• There is no definition for “substantial compliance.” One could easily lose a lawsuit later filed because the court determines that the place of public accommodation wrote back to the individual with a disability claiming it was in “substantial compliance” with the ADA in removing the barrier. This becomes yet another burden that people with disabilities must overcome.

• For 27 years, individuals with disabilities have been able to bring lawsuits against places of public accommodation that are existing facilities. These cases are not easy to bring already because of all of the complicated burdens of proof required to prove that removal of the barrier is readily achievable. Often, courts require expert witnesses to testify regarding whether removal of a barrier is “easily accomplishable without much difficulty or expense.” This can be very costly for an individual with a disability. The new conditions this law places on individuals with disabilities makes it even more complicated and places additional burdens on individuals with disabilities.

• This new requirement or a letter requires that the letter must contain all of the appropriate information and be provided in exactly the appropriate manner outlined in the new law.

• After waiting 27 years for places of public accommodation to take steps to make their facilities accessible, this new law would require individuals with disabilities now to wait 60 days for the owner or operator to provide a written description outlining improvements that will be made to remove the barrier, or, if the owner or operator provides that written description, the individual with a disability must wait 120 days, after already waiting 60 days, to find out if the owner or operator has removed the barrier to accessibility or made “substantial progress” in removing the barrier. (Even this isn’t clear in the way the bill is drafted. It says “120 days after [] date” “the description is provided[.]” It is unclear which “description” the bill references: Is it the written description provided by the individual with a disability, or the written description that must be provided by the owner or operator of the place of public accommodation.

• Here is why going through the steps creates enormous barriers for people with disabilities:

o Places of public accommodation are businesses that can afford lawyers who can understand all of the terminology and nuances of the terms used in this new legislation. Individuals with disabilities usually cannot afford lawyers and some may not be able to understand all of these additional obligations. The bill does not provide any free legal assistance to individuals to be able to negotiate all of the steps necessary before filing a lawsuit.

The individual with a disability must provide “written notice,” which is also undefined. For example, will an email message suffice? Or must an individual with a disability go to the great lengths and expense of sending a certified letter with a return receipt requested?

o The individual with a disability, in the written notice, must be able to track down the owner or operator of a place of public accommodation. This is not something that is easy to do for an individual. Usually, the technical skills of a lawyer are needed to make sure the proper entity or entities are identified. Prior to this written notice requirement, the assistance of an attorney who could recover fees if the individual with a disability bringing the lawsuit was the prevailing party. Nothing in this new law discusses whether following all of these new procedures would allow recovery of attorneys’ fees if an individual with a disability wanted to bring a case against an existing facility public accommodation. The lack of availability of attorneys has already allowed many existing facilities to fail to comply with the ADA for over 27 years. This change in the law may cause fewer attorneys to be able to assist. Again, this legislation gives places of public accommodation that have not complied with the law a free pass for not doing so.

o The individual with a disability, in the written notice, must provide information “specific enough to allow such owner or operator to identify the barrier[.]” The new law does not give any guidance on how much information is “specific enough.” This provides yet another hurdle for an individual with a disability to overcome.

o The written notice “must also specify in detail the circumstances under which an individual was actually denied access to a public accommodation[.]” The new law does not explain how much detail is required to be specified, what it means to be “actually denied access to a public accommodation[.]” Does this mean that the individual with a disability must show that he or she was completely denied the ability to access a place of public accommodation, or does it mean, as it should, that an individual with a disability was denied access to some “goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations of any place of public accommodation” as the statute requires. For example, if the individual with a disability alleges that the service counter was too high, is that sufficient to show an actual denial of access to a public accommodation? The individual with a disability was able to get into the place of public accommodation, but was not able to use some part of the place of public accommodation that might be required under the existing facilities rules to have been made accessible.

o Finding the address of the property, under most circumstances, should not be difficult. Nevertheless, there are cases in which an individual with a disability could not access a place of public accommodation, for example, because there was no accessible parking, and the individual with a disability cannot actually find the address of the place of public accommodation.

o The new law requires an individual with a disability to put in the written notice “the specific sections of the Americans with Disability Act alleged to have been violated[.]” The statute and the regulations under the ADA are complicated and difficult to navigate. See 42 U.S.C. § 12182 (describing numerous ways in which an individual with a disability may be discriminated against); 28 C.F.R. § 36.304 (providing examples of steps to remove barriers, the obligations regarding the order of barrier removal about which the individual with a disability but have no information, but the place of public accommodation would; describing the relationship to alterations requirements; discussing how the “safe harbor” provision applies; providing timing of the effective dates of different regulations; and other lengthy provisions). The new law does not explain if the individual with a disability would be required to cite to the specific provision in the statute or the regulations being violated using citations to the law or regulations. For many individuals with disabilities, this again would require hiring the services of a lawyer, which the vast majority of people with disabilities cannot afford.

o The new law requires that the individual with a disability specify in the written notice a brand-new obligation never before seen in the ADA. The individual with a disability must include in the written notice “whether a request for assistance in removing an architectural barrier to access was made[.]” This portion of the new law demonstrates ignorance of the many types of barriers that individuals with disabilities face that make it impossible for them to request assistance. For example, inaccessible parking may cause an individual with a disability to simply drive away because there is no way to park. Depending on the nature of the disability and the resources of the individual, the individual may not have the ability to try to call or contact the owner or operator of a place of public accommodation and request that particular parking accommodations be made. Another example is if the front door is inaccessible, and it may have been readily achievable to make it accessible over 27 years, again, the individual with a disability may have no way of contacting the owner or operator of the place of public accommodation. There are numerous examples of types of barriers that would prevent an individual with a disability from making the “request” required in the written notice. Also, there are many barriers to accessibility that are highly unlikely to be able to be removed even if a request is made. Inaccessible parking, once again, demonstrates this. It is unclear how the owner or operator of a place of public accommodation would be able to install an accessible parking space or make parking accessible for the individual even if her request is made. This provision seems punitive against individuals with disabilities. Again, no other individual who falls under a protected status under civil rights laws has to demonstrate he or she made a request that the place of public accommodation solve the discriminatory problem. o In the written notice, the individual with a disability must identify “whether the barrier to access was a permanent or temporary barrier.” These terms are not defined anywhere in the new law or in the ADA. It is entirely unclear how an individual with a disability would know if a barrier to access was permanent or temporary. Again, inaccessible parking is a good example. It is possible that some public accommodation marks off accessible spaces for certain events or purposes, but not for others. If an individual with a disability goes to that public accommodation one time and does not find accessible parking, how would the individual know if the barrier was permanent or temporary? This language is extremely vague.

Tax incentives and tax deductions have been available, including specific incentives and deductions for barrier removal on an annual basis for places of public accommodation since the passage of the ADA. See; see also 26 U.S.C. § 44 (Expenditures to provide access to disabled individuals); 26 U.S.C. § 190 (Expenditures to remove architectural and transportation barriers to the handicapped and elderly). To the extent Congress has taken any action to eliminate these tax credits and deductions for businesses to provide incentives to become more accessible, this too is harmful to both individuals with disabilities and those businesses who benefit by the income received from such individuals.

• The argument that fivolous ADA lawsuits are an ADA issue that needs to be fixed by this kind of legislation is itself a frivolous argument. These lawsuits are, instead a court problem. It is unethical under Colorado law to bring a frivolous lawsuit, and any lawyer or individual who does so can be required by the court to pay the fees and costs of the other side. Colo. Rev. Stat. § 13-17-102(4).Rather than creating additional burdens for people with disabilities and giving places of public accommodation a 27 year free pass to avoid the law they should have complied with for over 27 years, attention should be focused on stopping these few bad attorneys. Punish them, not people with disabilities. President H.W. Bush, and the Congress in 1990 knew what they were doing when they enacted the ADA. Nothing has changed that.


1 Appendix B to Part 36 -- Preamble to Regulation on Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability by Public Accommodations and in Commercial Facilities (Published July 26, 1991).

2 28 C.F.R. § 36.104 (Definition of "readily achievable").

3 28 C.F.R. § 36.304 (providing examples of what the DOJ considers to be steps to remove barriers).

Attorney General Slashes DOJ ADA Regulations, Attorney General Jeff Sessions Rescinds 25 Guidance Documents

Disability Rights are Civil Rights

Thursday, December 21, 2017

Today, Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced that, pursuant to Executive Order 13777 and his November memorandum prohibiting certain guidance documents, he is rescinding 25 such documents that were unnecessary, inconsistent with existing law, or otherwise improper.

In making the announcement, the Attorney General said:

“Last month, I ended the longstanding abuse of issuing rules by simply publishing a letter or posting a web page. Congress has provided for a regulatory process in statute, and we are going to follow it. This is good government and prevents confusing the public with improper and wrong advice.”

“Therefore, any guidance that is outdated, used to circumvent the regulatory process, or that improperly goes beyond what is provided for in statutes or regulation should not be given effect. That is why today, we are ending 25 examples of improper or unnecessary guidance documents identified by our Regulatory Reform Task Force led by our Associate Attorney General Rachel Brand.  We will continue to look for other examples to rescind, and we will uphold the rule of law.”

In March, President Donald Trump issued Executive Order 13777, which calls for agencies to establish Regulatory Reform Task Forces, chaired by a Regulatory Reform Officer, to identify existing regulations for potential repeal, replacement, or modification. The Department of Justice Task Force, chaired by Associate Attorney General Rachel Brand, began its work in May.

On November 17, the Attorney General issued a memorandum prohibiting DOJ components from using guidance documents to circumvent the rulemaking process and directed Associate Attorney General Brand to work with components to identify guidance documents that should be repealed, replaced, or modified.

The Task Force has already identified 25 guidance documents for repeal and is continuing its review of existing guidance documents to repeal, replace, or modify.

The list of 25 guidance documents that DOJ has withdrawn in 2017 is as follows:

  1. ATF Procedure 75-4. 
  2. Industry Circular 75-10. 
  3. ATF Ruling 85-3. 
  4. Industry Circular 85-3. 
  5. ATF Ruling 2001-1. 
  6. ATF Ruling 2004-1.
  7. Southwest Border Prosecution Initiative Guidelines (2013).  
  8. Northern Border Prosecution Initiative Guidelines (2013).  
  9. Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grants Program Guidance Manual (2007). 
  10. Advisory for Recipients of Financial Assistance from the U.S. Department of Justice on Levying Fines and Fees on Juveniles (January 2017). 
  11. Dear Colleague Letter on Enforcement of Fines and Fees (March 2016). 
  12. ADA Myths and Facts (1995).
  13. Common ADA Problems at Newly Constructed Lodging Facilities (November 1999).
  14. Title II Highlights (last updated 2008).
  15. Title III Highlights (last updated 2008).
  16. Commonly Asked Questions About Service Animals in Places of Business (July 1996).
  17. ADA Business Brief: Service Animals (April 2002). 
  18. Prior Joint Statement of the Department of Justice and the Department of Housing and Urban Development Group Homes, Local Land Use, and the Fair Housing Act (August 18, 1999). 
  19. Letter to Alain Baudry, Esq., with standards for conducting internal audit in a non-discriminatory fashion (December 4, 2009). 
  20. Letter to Esmeralda Zendejas on how to determine whether lawful permanent residents are protected against citizenship status discrimination (May 30, 2012). 
  21. Common ADA Errors and Omissions in New Construction and Alterations (June 1997). 
  22. Common Questions: Readily Achievable Barrier Removal and Design Details: Van Accessible Parking Spaces (August 1996). 
  23. Website guidance on bailing-out procedures under section 4(b) and section 5 of the Voting Rights Act (2004).  
  24. Americans with Disabilities Act Questions and Answers (May 2002).
  25. Statement of the Department of Justice on Application of the Integration Mandate of Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act and Olmstead v. L.C. to State and Local Governments' Employment Service Systems for Individuals with Disabilities (October 31, 2016).

The Individual Behind Colorado Gives Day at CCDC

Picture of Gabrielle (Laura's Daughter) -to the left and Laura -to the right


Tell us a bit about yourself and one accomplishment of which you're proud.

I am the Director of Evaluation & Development with CCDC. Until 2014, I was the executive director of Project WISE (a Women’s Initiative for Service and Empowerment).  Before Project WISE, I was the director of development for Mi Casa Resource Center.  Between 2014 and fall of 2015, when I joined the team here at CCDC, I was in Teach for America, teaching pre-Algebra in Tulsa, OK for summer school and then English Language Arts in Montbello to 7th graders.  (Middle school students are pretty amazing and love to learn.)

I was also one of the founding volunteer advisory board members of the Colorado Participation Project, an innovative non-partisan program supporting human service nonprofits to build their civic engagement and advocacy efforts.  I’m thrilled that the Colorado Participation Project is now officially a program of the Community Resource Center today. My professional experience also includes positions with the Daniels Fund, Child Health Advocates/CHP+, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center and the Robert R. McCormick Foundation.  In 2015, I graduated from a phenomenal community service project called the Colorado Family Leadership Training Institute (FLTI). In 2012, I had the honor of being the volunteer chair of the Women and Family Action Network, a coalition established by the Women’s Foundation of Colorado in 2005.

Most importantly, I am the proud single mother of two children under the age of seventeen.  It’s a tie between two accomplishments of which I am most pleased about.  The first is raising my children as a single parent since my littlest was six months old.  I leaped into single parenthood because I read that harmony in our home was essential to their well-being and I think the gamble paid off.  The other accomplishment of which I am proud is pursuing my college and master’s degrees before I even had the digital hearing aids I have now.  (I am profoundly hearing impaired in both ears from birth.)  Hearing aids are not covered by most insurance, and they are very expensive, so I wasn’t able to begin using them until I was about 30 years old. I always tell young people that education is the best investment because it’s one thing that no one can ever take away from you.

How do you spend your free time?

I enjoy writing poetry, yoga, and hiking and snowboarding with my kids in the mountains.  My daughter and I are huge Broncos fans. I’m also an ace horsewoman, but I haven’t ridden in a long, long time.  (I was lucky enough to spend a few summers at camp in Florissant, Colorado when I was a kid.)

Why is advocating for social justice for people with disabilities important to you?

As I mentioned before, I have a profound hearing loss and a lisp.  Thanks to my family and a woman from the south side of Chicago who was like a grandmother to me, it never occurred to me that I couldn’t do anything (almost) I set my mind to.  When I started my first job after graduate school (around the same year that the ADA was enacted), I had a boss who turned out to be very mean.  She asked me if my lisp had been difficult to bear when I was a kid and the other children teased me?  She asked me if it was frustrating for me that when my land line would ring in my cubicle and I couldn’t hear it ring because I was on the other side of the divider?  (I rely on my sight quite a bit, which I think is normal for people with hearing loss.)

I was stunned, to put it mildly.  Not only had I not encountered an adult who could be so out of line, she was my BOSS.  So she was the only thing standing between me and my paycheck coming in every two weeks. 

What did I do?   I called an attorney who was a family friend.  And he told me about the ADA and gave me the best advice I think I’ve ever gotten.  The attorney said, Did I think I was truly going to raise the company’s consciousness if I filed a complaint with the EEOC.   Because if not, my time was the most valuable thing I had/have.  So around that same time as fate would have it, I wound up on an informational interview with the individual who would hire me and become my boss at the Robert R. McCormick Foundation because I told him my story about my boss at the housewares company. His name was Nick Goodban. Nick said he’d bet that bad experience would help make me a really good fundraiser someday. That’s why even today, more than 20 years later, advocating for social justice and raising money so other new leaders can become activists is important to me.

As a CCDC staff member, what are your primary responsibilities?

In my role, I am responsible for outcomes assessment for all of the CCDC programs, as well as for the organization’s fundraising efforts from individual donors, foundations, and corporations.  I also organize CCDC’s annual fall ADA Access Awards luncheon special event.   One of the projects I love the best is our annual direct mail appeal because it’s so heart-warming to see donations from our members, most of whom are on fixed incomes, come in ranging from $10 to $1,000.

I also really like Colorado Gives Day each December.  Colorado Gives Day is a statewide movement to increase online giving. This year, Community First Foundation and FirstBank are presenting Colorado Gives Day on December 5, 2017. Donations are accepted at, which features more than 2,000 nonprofits, including CCDC. Colorado Gives Day is one the most successful events of its kind in the nation. Since its inception in 2010, the event has raised more than $145 million for Colorado nonprofits.  Now that’s pretty impressive.

It’s more than just a day. It’s a movement that inspires and unites thousands of donors to give where they live and support Colorado nonprofits.

Tuesday, December 5 is Colorado Gives Day. How will the money people give to CCDC be used to promote social justice for people with disabilities?

This year, our goal at CCDC is to raise $10,000.  We raised about $7,500 last winter so I think we can do it.  Examples of how your donations make a difference for people with all types of disabilities who come to CCDC all year-round is $10 lets us reimburse a volunteer for their use of public transit to go to and from testifying at the State Capitol, $50 lets us offer a grocery gift card to a volunteer who helps us phone bank to Get out the Vote each fall and $500 provides a scholarship to a person who would be otherwise unable to afford the tuition cost to participate in our 9-week Basic Advocacy Training course that is offered three times a year by CCDC.

Finally, if you can’t wait until Colorado Gives Day? Donations can be scheduled ahead of time, as of November 1st. Just visit

Gifts of just $10 are accepted online via and every dollar you donate to CCDC goes a long way.

#AtlantisADAPT - #SaveMedicaidRally July 6th, 2017 --Dawn Russell's Speech

Picture of Dawn Russell, holding a sign with Where on Earth Senator Cory Gardner

Yesterday was the 39th anniversary of the day 19 disabled protesters stopped all traffic and surrounded two buses at Broadway and Colfax. That day, the protesters told Denver that their right to equal access must no longer be ignored. The famous “Gang of 19” set off a movement which has changed the United States and the world. Thirty-nine years later, that group, now calling itself Atlantis ADAPT, is still fighting just as hard for lives of disabled Coloradans. 

In the past week, 10 members of Atlantis ADAPT were arrested after occupying Senator Cory Gardner’s Denver office for almost sixty hours. We did not go there to get arrested. Our aim was to talk with Senator Gardner. We still want to talk with him.

We do not fear being arrested today any more than we did in 1978. But today in Washington D.C. is a health care bill, the Better Care Reconciliation Act (BCRA) that if passed would cut Medicaid services to the bone. Under the cuts proposed in this bill, Disabled people who require long term supports would be forced into Nursing homes and other institutions. We do not fear arrest, but we fear that in refusing to listen to us, Senator Gardener has signaled his intent to vote for the BCRA and, with it, the devastating harm that vote will visit upon disabled and senior Coloradans. That he cannot look us in the eyes. That he does not care that we will be denied our rights to life and liberty.

We still want to talk with Senator Gardner. The stakes are too high for us not to: for disabled people, the stakes are life and liberty. The lives that will be stolen from us when we are left in the institutions to die; the liberty that will be denied us when we are forced to leave our homes, our communities, our families, our jobs, our churches, just because we are disabled and community-based services are being cut. 

This healthcare legislation will devastate Colorado: not just disabled people but the whole state. If it passes, hundreds of thousands of Coloradans will lose their health care and the freedom that it brings. If Senator Gardner will not meet with us we will continue to seek him out at every possible opportunity. He took an oath to defend the Constitution on behalf of everyone from Colorado. It is vital that he live up to that oath and vote against any bill that threatens the lives and liberty of disabled people by cuts to Medicaid. It is his duty to the people who sent him to Washington in the first place. Senator Gardner was not elected by billionaires to carve a tax cut out of the bodies of Coloradans who rely on Medicaid and on the Affordable Care Act. He was elected by the people of Colorado.

We urge Senator Gardner to meet with us personally to discuss the bill. If he will not do that, he must commit publicly to voting against it and any other legislation that would cut Medicaid and endanger the lives and liberty of disabled Coloradans. We call upon the citizens of Colorado to hold him to his oath and demand that he live up to his responsibility and show Colorado the leadership he claims he possesses. Our lives and our rights are in his hands.

Medicaid Stories

Disability Rights Are Civil Rights



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Without Medicaid, I couldn't Survive With Any Quality of Life

Julie Reiskin, Denver

Picture of Julie Reiskin


“Medicaid Buy-In has allowed me to get off Social Security Disability Income (SSDI) and pay for my own health insurance.”

Diagnosed with MS at age 20, Julie wanted to work but needed health care to provide the supports needed to mitigate the disability caused by her illness. She qualified for SSDI, but wanted to work. She needed the designation of disability through Social Security to qualify for Medicaid Home and Community Based Services. These services provide Medicaid for medical care such as wheelchairs, supplies, medications and procedures as well as Long-Term Care  –notably assistance for tasks like bathing, housework, and other personal care.

Earning a salary jeopardized her Medicaid, so for nearly 20 years, Julie worked pro bono in health care policy, eventually becoming Executive Director of the Colorado Cross-Disability Coalition (CCDC) in 1997. When the Medicaid buy-in (a program that allows people with disabilities to be employed and pay a premium to keep Medicaid) became available, Julie discontinued her Social Security income and opted for Medicaid to cover her health care needs. She is now free to earn an income and pay a premium for Medicaid, while also paying taxes and contributing to the economy.

“Before I had Medicaid I was regularly hospitalized because I could not afford to cover all that I needed to stay healthy. Since I have had Medicaid I have not stayed one night in a hospital.”

Any sort of capped funding for Medicaid would likely end this way of life for Julie. Colorado may not continue to fund the buy-in program and people like her would have to choose between poverty or giving up the supports they need to survive. She does not know how she would do without the support of health aides, access to medical equipment, and medications that enable her to and remain healthy. She does not want to go back to living in poverty, nor does she want to go back to living in a constant state of health crisis. Julie is also worried about others in her community, many of whom have more severe disabilities and who also rely on Medicaid.

“I need Medicaid for personal care, for a decent wheelchair, for monthly supplies and medications that cost over $1000. Without these supports, I do not see how I could survive with any quality of life.”


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Medicaid Stories from Colorado's 6th Congressional District

Mary Ryan

Picture of Mary Ryan

Mary’s optimism for her daughter’s future comes through as she talks about how things have changed for Muirgheal since she became eligible for the Children’s Extensive Support (CES) Medicaid Waiver program almost three years ago.

Mary was diagnosed with autism at four months of age. She is non-verbal and has epilepsy. Now 13, she attends Sky Vista Middle School in Aurora. Medicaid pays for Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy at home twice per week. It also provides for special camps in summer so Muirgheal can continue her therapeutic group environment when school is out of session.

Medicaid provides for respite services, creating time for Mary to work outside the home and attend to the needs of all of her family, including husband Peter and son Dominick. The family has also connected with others in the community who have children with special needs and “that has been a real bonus for us,” says Mary.

I feel that Mary will have some kind of autonomous life,” Mary muses as she considers what maturity will bring for her daughter. “It’s all about freedom and autonomy here.” Mary remembers the system for those with disabilities in Germany, where Peter’s work had taken them for several years before coming to Colorado. “We have IDEA (Individuals With Disabilities Education Act) here. In Germany, children are segregated in school. While they receive a good education, it basically prepares them for life in an institution or another segregated environment.

Before we had Medicaid, we were paying out of pocket for all her medications and other supports. After we became eligible for the Waiver, our financial circumstances improved, but more importantly, we finally had time to be together as a family. Now we feel much better about the future, for all of us.

Kathy Powell

Picture of Kathy Powell


Kathy’s son, Johnny, is a truly social being. “He loves being with people and most find him delightful,” Kathy says as she talks about her son, 31, who lives with her in her home. Johnny was born with Williams Syndrome, a genetic condition characterized by medical problems, including congenital heart disease, developmental delays, and learning challenges. These often occur side by side with striking verbal abilities, highly social personalities and an affinity for music.

Ironically, it is Johnny’s sociability that makes it so unsafe for him to be left alone. He is unable to discriminate a risky situation from a safe one. Johnny requires “line of site” supervision when out of the home, because a moment’s inattention leaves him vulnerable to a world of dangers that he does not recognize. Kathy retired early to care for Johnny. The Supported Living Services (SLS) Medicaid Waiver program pays for a day program 3-4 days per week with Kathy providing the rest of his care at home.

“The day program is his life,” Kathy says. “If it were not available, he would have no safe place to be in the community.”

Kathy worries about reductions or the loss of the Medicaid program that is so important to her family. “Disability is indiscriminate… we all need a safety net to protect those among us who cannot take care of themselves.”



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Colorado Cross-Disability Coalition (CCDC) & Colorado Consumer Health Initiative (CCHI), LogosLiving in My Own Home, Thanks to Medicaid


Briana Willey, Broomfield

Picture of Briana Willey


“Thanks to the supports from a Medicaid waiver, Briana has achieved her dream of living in her own home.”

For as long as she can remember, Briana had always assumed she would grow up, get a job and live in her own home. Given the challenges of her disability, however, the prospects of this independence sometimes seemed out of reach. Briana was born with a developmental disability, impaired vision and epilepsy. School was difficult and she struggled to fit in and enjoy a true sense of belonging.

Briana became eligible for the Supported Living Services (SLS) waiver program when she reached adulthood. The SLS waiver provides far less support than the Comprehensive waiver for those with developmental disabilities (Briana qualifies for the Comprehensive waiver but has been on the wait list for nearly 20 years). However, Briana was determined to realize her ambitions. With a combination of services provided by SLS waiver and additional support from a network of family, friends and neighbors, Briana moved into her own home in 2012.

“I knew when her dad passed away that I had to make sure she could live independently,” says Charlene Willey, Briana’s mom. “I want to know that she’ll be ok when I’m no longer able to take care of her.”

Picture of Briana Willey, in seamware


With the help of a job coach and transportation to and from work provided by her SLS waiver, Briana has been able to maintain her job at King Soopers for more than 15 years. She swims on the Broomfield Masters swim team, the Bee Gees, and has made many friends there. A combination of family, friends and neighbors, together with paid support staff, provide much of the in-home personal care Briana needs to pursue her independence. She gets help with cooking, shopping, doctor appointments and her finances. Briana especially enjoys walking and hiking with her neighbors.

“I’m really glad that I can live on my own just like I always thought I could.”


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District 1

Colorado Health Care Stories


Jeanine Draut, Denver

Photo of Jeanine Draut

“The Affordable Care Act makes it possible for me to be a freelancer and run my own business without the worry of accessing health insurance. I purchased individual insurance before the Affordable Care Act, but never went to the doctor for fear I would be diagnosed with something and have a pre-existing condition, and not be able to get health insurance anymore. Having my own business has enough obstacles -- the Affordable Care Act has taken this one away.”



Julius Condolora, Denver

“Last month, Congress voted to repeal The Affordable Care Act without offering a replacement plan. The ACA has helped over 600,000 Coloradans obtain insurance and has saved us money in the process. Access to coverage means improved health, less pricey emergency room visits and financial security for Coloradans. The ACA allowed me to afford better coverage. Without it, I would have had to obtain the worst catastrophic insurance coverage with a deductible so high I would need to borrow money in the event something catastrophic happened.

Healthinsuranceallowspeopletoseethedoctorregularly to stay healthy and avoid going to the emergency room. Coloradans should be able to get the health care they need, when they need it and not have to wait to go to the emergency room. Repealing the ACA is harmful and irresponsible, especially without a replacement. Any repeal or replacement must not result in an increase in the uninsured or higher costs to Colorado consumers.”

Janet Caspers, Denver

“Without the Affordable Care Act, I would be in over $100,000 in debt and unable to afford health insurance. The ACA helped me get insurance in a great time of need along with over 600,000 Coloradoans. I was shocked when I heard the Republicans in Congress were pushing a repeal in Congress without a replacement plan, a strategy that would hurt thousands of Coloradoans.

Two years ago, I had a psychiatric emergency and was hospitalized for three weeks. Up until that time, I was full-time self-employed. After my hospitalization, I was unable to work and forced into taking early Social Security. Thankfully, I enrolled under the ACA prior to my hospitalization. Without that coverage, I would have had more than $100,000 in medical bills. The Affordable Care Act helped me afford my monthly premiums. Without the ACA, I would have never been able to afford health insurance. I could have also been denied coverage due to a “pre-existing” condition.

The Affordable Care Act is not perfect, but without it, I and over 600,000 Coloradoans would be without insurance. If its repealed, I would be forced to go without treatment and those with pre-existing conditions could lose access to insurance. The repeal-only strategy will throw the health system into chaos. Congress must identify a path forward before they take action to repeal -- leaving Coloradans without access to quality, affordable and accessible coverage.”


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District 2

Colorado Health Care Stories 


Olivia Hudis, Boulder

Picture of Olivia Hudis

“Prior to Obamacare, my husband and I had no healthcare at all. This got more and more nerve- wracking as we got older. When I broke my arm and needed surgery I had to pay entirely out-of-pocket. When I needed thyroid surgery I ended up going to the UK, where I was born, because private care was a lot less expensive there and I was able to raise the money. Once the ACA passed, and Medicaid was expanded, my husband and I were eligible for Medicaid! We’ve been insured since, and my coverage has been critical in helping me sustain the non-profit I co-founded in Boulder!”


Nikita Anderson, Boulder

“I have severe endometriosis and am unable to have a full-time job. Despite having a bachelor’s degree, I makePicture of Nikita after her Oophorectomy in 2015 only $13/hour in one of the most expensive towns in the US.

I got covered through the Affordable Care Act in 2014, and without it, I wouldn’t have been able to get a surgery I desperately needed in 2015—an Oophorectomy (the removal of an ovary). The surgery has vastly improved my mobility and general ability to be active and live my life to the fullest. I’m not sure if I’ll ever be able to run again, and I can’t jump too much if I’m playing frisbee.

But I can walk up all 3 flights of stairs to my apartment, and I can bike to work and the grocery store. These days, my pain doesn’t define me.

Without the ACA, I would still be unable to work at all. The law has become a cornerstone to my ability to be a taxpaying, contributing citizen. This spring, I plan on having insurance through the marketplace again to go see one of the top specialists in the country for my disease.

I owe the ACA my well-being, my quality of life, and my happiness. I am an active, creative, giving member of society. If the law is repealed, and the pre-existing condition exclusions are re-enforced, I’d lose access to the care I need, and the new life I’ve formed for myself in Boulder.”

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District 3

Colorado Health Care Stories


Elena Miller-ter Kuile, La Jara

Picture of Elena Miller-ter Kuile


“My family was one of the first Hispanic families to come to the San Luis Valley in the 1860’s. Since then, we have continued to farm in the same area as our ancestors. My dream was to run the farm myself, but farming is difficult financially, and being mostly self-employed, it is hard to find health insurance.

Before the Affordable Care Act, my coverage was terrible. I was paying $300 a month for catastrophic coverage with a $7500 deducible. Even with health insurance, I postponed doctors’ appointments, because I dreaded to see the bill.

After the ACA passed, I was able to get affordable and comprehensive coverage through Connect for Health Colorado. Because I’m eligible for tax credits, I only pay about $60 a month out of $280 overall premium. And to top it off, I don’t have to worry about the fact that I have a pre-existing condition, hypersomnia.

I know our country can still improve in ensuring affordable healthcare for all, but I think we are moving in the right direction. I can now happily live my dream of farming thanks to the Affordable Care Act. No one should have to choose between being healthy and following their dream. Making healthcare more accessible and affordable will only make our country stronger and allow people like me to make decisions not out of fear of losing something, but with the confidence that something innovative and new will lead to great things.”


Lynn Carretta, Montrose

Picture of Lynn Carretta

“I had a total knee replacement at age 58. When I left my job in 2012, I had no idea that I would be uninsurable. Every health insurance company turned me down because of my knee surgery, which was considered a pre- existing condition. I had the option of getting insured through Colorado’s high-risk pool, Cover Colorado, but the deducible was $10,000, and I couldn’t afford it. I decided to go uninsured, which was terrifying.

After the Affordable Care Act passed, I went to work for Connect for Health Colorado so I could help folks get enrolled. From my experience, it’s working people and retirees that benefit the most from the ACA.


Please don’t dismantle the ACA and roll back the progress we’ve made.”


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District 4


Colorado Health Care Stories


Erin Eastvedt, Longmont

Picture of Erin Eastvedt

“I have always had a preexisting condition, as I was born with medical problems and had to have several surgeries as a baby. Until the ACA was passed, I always had to get health insurance through my employers. In fact, many of the major decisions I’ve made in my life have been based on maintaining health insurance. For example, after graduating law school, I took jobs that weren’t in the legal field, mainly to ensure that I maintained access to health coverage.


Once the ban on preexisting exclusions and the ACA went into effect in 2014, I was able to get coverage under Medicaid expansion, and open my own law firm. A repeal of the ACA would require me to close my business. I’m happier than I’ve ever been running this firm. I don’t want that taken away.”


Beth Utton, Longmont

Picture of Beth Utton

“Millions of Americans depend on the Affordable Care

Act for insurance. I am one of those people. Due to an illness that was classified as a “pre-existing condition” I was unable to get coverage prior to the ACA. In order to maintain my wellbeing I was faced with medication costs in the thousands of dollars per month. Mine is most certainly not an isolated case. In such a situation, people often don’t get the care they need, or they go bankrupt getting the care and then cannot continue to get the care they need or even meet their basic living needs.

After the ACA passed, I was able to purchase coverage through Colorado’s exchange. The tax credits I receive are critical in helping me afford my insurance. These days, I have access to the medication I need, and am now living a full and active life. Without my medication, I would be significantly disabled.

I believe that we, as a society, will pay much more in the long run if we don’t promote preventative health measures and provide healthcare when it is needed. Please do not repeal the ACA.”

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District 5



Colorado Health Care Stories


Aimee Theelan, Manitou Springs

Picture of Aimee Theelan

“Thanks to the Affordable Care Act, I was able to retire at age 62 after over 20 years working as a Registered Nurse. Retiring at age 62 was only possible because I found a very affordable health plan for my family through Colorado’s health insurance exchange. Before the ACA my family could never have gotten an affordable plan because of my pre-existing condition, Osteopenia.



Working as nurse, I saw firsthand the greater impact of the ACA. The difference between before and after the law’s passage was night and day. Suddenly, I saw ER filled with insured folks that actually had an emergency—not just uninsured individuals who had nowhere else to go.”


Christy Zollar, Fairplay

Christy had intense spinal problems and a myriad of injuries before the Affordable Care Act passed, but avoided getting the care she needed because she was terrified of being diagnosed with something that could be considered a pre-existing condition. After the ACA passed, she qualified for Medicaid under the expansion of the program. Thanks to her coverage, she was able to see a doctor of osteopathy, and for the first time in 20 years got help with her spinal injury. “Being able to see a doctor of osteopathic medicine who can do structural work was never a possibility for me before the ACA.”


Additionally, while covered through Medicaid, Christy and her family were exposed to toxic black mold and acquired mycotoxin poisoning, which caused serious damage to their gums. Thanks to their Medicaid coverage, they had access to the dental coverage they desperately needed. Recovering for mycotoxin poisoning can take years, so it’s critical that Christy and her family maintain their access to the care they need.

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District 6

Colorado Health Care Stories

Rachel Wall, Aurora

Two Pictures of Rachel Wall, from left to right, the left reads: "12/25/2008, 98 pounds, constant pain." The right side reads: "11/10/2016, two times ironman 70.3 finisher."

“Before the ACA, I could not get health insurance due to a ‘pre-existing condition’ of pelvic congestive syndrome, which I was born with and had absolutely no control over.

I was also born with Hereditary Angioedema, which went undiagnosed until I was 25. I went undiagnosed for so long because it wasn’t until the ACA passed that I could afford insurance and get access to the specialists who finally diagnosed me. Before this diagnosis and treatment, I couldn’t absorb most of what I ate, was dangerously underweight, suffered debilitating abdominal pain almost daily, could not breathe well due to excessive mucus in my lungs, and had three inguinal hernias caused by constant coughing in effort to clear my lungs. I had no energy, and couldn’t even get up a flight of stairs without being out of breath.

After the ACA passed, and you could no longer be held responsible for the way you were born, and I was able to get coverage. Now that my body is capable, I am a triathlete. In the last two years, I was able to complete two different half ironman triathlons. It’s so crucial that I keep my coverage. It’s been an incredible asset to my life.”


Jim, Aurora

Three years ago, Jim was insured and came down with walking pneumonia. He went to the 9-news fair, and got some assistance to help him get insurance through Connect for Health Colorado. He receives tax credits through the ACA, and couldn’t afford his coverage without that financial assistance.

His life improved dramatically after he got insured. He was able to see a doctor for his walking pneumonia, and that doctor referred him to a pulmonologist, who diagnosed him with COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). He now uses a CPAP machine to help him breath.

Jim has struggled with various types of addiction throughout his life. He used to drink and do cocaine frequently, but was able to quit those habits “with the help of the man upstairs.” But it was only with the help of his doctor that he was able to finally quit smoking.

Jim is tremendously thankful for the ACA and his coverage: “If I wouldn’t have had health insurance, my life would suck right now. I don’t know what I would be doing...regardless of politics, I believe everybody deserves good health care. I think there are some problems with this program. But I don’t care—I’m just grateful that I have health insurance. I’m hoping that no matter what happened with this election, I hope that everyone in America can have good health care.”

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District 7


Colorado Health Care Stories


Lecia Papadopoulos, Lakewood

Picture of Lecia Papadopoulos


“The Affordable Care Act makes a tremendous difference in our lives! My daughter, Lily, has several serious conditions that interfere with her ability to do many common activities of daily living. Thanks to the ACA, we were able to get her Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) support, which made a huge difference in her ability to understand what was happening around her and gain daily living skills she would not have gained otherwise. This has made her happier and also able to participate more in her own self-care and advocacy. Further, the ACA’s elimination of annual and lifetime caps ensures my daughter will have access to the care she needs throughout her lifetime.


The ACA also gave me, a single mom and business owner, the ability to change my employment and take a staff job without fear of losing insurance coverage or enduring an expensive waiting period where my daughter’s needs might not have been covered.”

Mark Bollinger, Lakewood


Picture of Mark Bollinger


“I am an IT contractor and as such rarely have access to employer-sponsored health coverage. Being a single father of two, too much of my income is already spent on exorbitant insurance costs. If the Affordable Care Act is repealed, it will directly hurt my children and I. In the past, I’ve insured my children and I through the ACA’s marketplace. Now, my children are covered through my ex-wife’s employer-sponsored insurance, but I rely on Medicaid for my health coverage. I am only eligible for Medicaid because of the program’s expansion under the ACA.

I believe politics should not be prioritized over the well-being of my family. I’ve watched the GOP initiate dozens of attempts to derail the ACA with no kind of alternative solution to offer in its place. This system is not perfect, but to throw it out for political reasons is irresponsible.”




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All Persons in Colorado who are qualified individuals with disabilities, who use wheelchairs (as that term is defined by 49 C.F.R. § 37.3), and who have used, currently use, or may in the future use the Regional Transportation District’s Light Rail Service (“Class”).


Class action litigation against the Regional Transportation District (“RTD”) has been pending in the United States District Court for the District of Colorado in Case No. 14-cv-03111-CMA-KLM (the “Action”).  The Parties have reached a proposed class settlement (“Settlement”), which the Court has preliminarily approved.  The Court has certified the Class for settlement purposes only and authorized this Notice.




Please take notice the Court will hold a hearing on July 10, 2017 at 2:00 p.m. at the Alfred A. Arraj United States Courthouse, Courtroom A602, 901 19th Street, Denver Colorado 80294, before the Honorable Judge Christine Arguello to determine: (1) whether the Settlement should be finally approved as fair, reasonable, and adequate; (2) whether the case should be dismissed with prejudice; (3) whether Class members should be bound by the terms and provisions, including the releases, set forth in the Settlement; (4) whether the Class members should be permanently enjoined from, among other things, commencing any other lawsuit or other proceeding relating to the claims, facts, or circumstances in this Action; and (5) whether Class Counsel’s application of an award of attorneys’ fees and costs should be approved.   


Please see for a complete copy of the proposed class settlement agreement or use the QR code below:

3D Code to scan with a smartphone or tablet

If you are a member of the Class, you have the right to exclude yourself from this Settlement by sending a written request for exclusion to Class Counsel and RTD’s Counsel no later than May 17, 2017.  You also have the right to object to this Settlement by filing written objections with the Court no later than June 16, 2017.


Please do not contact the Court or Court Clerk with questions about this Settlement.  If you have questions, please contact Class Counsel at:


Kevin W. Williams, Esq.

Andrew C. Montoya, Esq.

Colorado Cross-Disability Coalition

1385 South Colorado Boulevard, Suite 610-A

Denver, CO 80222

720-336-3584 (Williams); 720-336-1036 (Montoya)




For purposes of any requests for exclusion, RTD’s Counsel should be contacted at:



Jenifer M. Ross-Amato, Esq.

Mindy McNair, Esq.

Regional Transportation District

1600 Blake Street

Denver, CO  80202


Michael D. Plachy, Esq.

Jessica L. Fuller, Esq.

Lewis Roca Rothgerber Christie LLP

One Tabor Center, Suite 3000

1200 Seventeenth Street

Denver, CO 80202




CCDC's Block Grant Per Capita --By Julie Reiskin & Joshua Winkler

Picture of Julie Reiskin, Executive Director and Joshua Winkler, Board Co-Chair




How would Medicaid Block Grants and Per Capita Caps Impact Coloradans with Disabilities and their Families?



The most recent (as of 2/17/2017) US House health care proposal would allow states to optionally choose if they want to switch to block grant or per capita funded Medicaid, but the current State/Federal shared cost funding model would go away. For more than 91,000 people with significant disabilities in Colorado, Medicaid is a lifeline. Over 60,000 elderly and disabled people rely on long-term services and supports.  This means they need human assistance most days for activities of daily living such as eating, dressing, bathing, remembering to take medications or turn off the stove, etc. People with disabilities often require more complex and costly services than Medicaid recipients without disabilities, and these long-term services and supports are not covered by private insurance or Medicare.

What are Medicaid “Block Grants” and "Per Capita Caps"?


A Medicaid block grant would be a fixed amount of money, based on each state's current or past year's Medicaid spending in each state, from the federal government to the states to spend on health care for people who are poor, elderly, or have disabilities with only some general rules and very little federal oversight about the way it is spent. The Republican plan released says that states only have to continue mandatory Medicaid services for people who are elderly and people who are disabled. Mandatory Medicaid service do not include most long-term home and community-based services Colorado provides to qualified citizens who are elderly and/or have a disability. Block grants would cap the amount the federal government spends on Medicaid and increase the amount of the block-granted funds at a rate below the projected rate of health care inflation, resulting in a radical cut to the federal share of Medicaid over the next decade.


Per capita cap funding more closely captures the actual population needs in each state but would also lead to Colorado losing federal money in the long term. One must account for Medicare Part D spending in the long term, and consider the current funding formula.  The Colorado Medicaid program is only funded by the state general fund at 27%. Models that show states like Colorado benefiting from a per capita cap model did not use the right FMAP and did not include accurate data. The analysis by the Center for Budget and Policy Priorities (CBPP) adjusted for the FMAP discrepancy in its analysis:


What are the most critical Medicaid services for people with disabilities

·         Acute care: Including hospital care, physician services, and laboratory and x-ray services. These acute care services are mandatory which means they must be provided to everyone who is eligible. States have the option to offer (and most do) prescription drugs, dental, physical therapy, speech therapy, prosthetic devices and other services.  Many people with disabilities have implanted devices (catheters, colostomies, pumps, g-tubes, etc.), that need to be serviced and need supplies for sanitary use.

·         Equipment and supplies: People with disabilities often need equipment and supplies that are expensive. A custom seating system for a power wheelchair, and a power wheelchair that functions properly costs over $10,000, sometimes double that and requires regular repairs. Most insurance companies have a $2,500 cap and Medicare does not cover equipment except for in the home. The “in the home” equipment is not rugged enough to function for someone with a full life and a job.

·         Long-term services and supports (LTSS): This includes help getting dressed, taking medication, preparing meals, managing money, bathing, toileting, getting in and out of bed. For people with intellectual and mental disabilities, this can also mean cueing, helping people with problem-solving, communication assistance. This can also involve home modifications, assisted living, and non-medical transportation.

·         Transportation: Medicaid is unique in that it covers transportation to medical appointments.  Many people with disabilities cannot drive or do not own a vehicle. This service is particularly critical in rural areas of the state.


Is Medicaid an entitlement program? 

Yes. This means that if a person meets the eligibility requirements (generally poverty, age and/or disability), he or she is entitled to the services available under the state Medicaid program. This also gives people protections not available under private insurance. Most important is that recipients are able to keep benefits going while they file an appeal if they are wrongly discontinued. This happens on a regular basis and the ability to maintain life and liberty sustaining benefits while the problem is fixed is imperative, and in many cases saves money as it helps maintain a person's health. While the word “entitlement” has negative connotations, for people with disabilities the entitlement is tied to our life and liberty which are the rights of all Americans


What services are people with disabilities currently entitled to in the Medicaid program?

Today, each state’s Medicaid program is required by the federal government to provide Medicaid to people on SSI and they do not even have to provide the necessary long-term services other than nursing facilities—only health care services. This includes ONLY the elderly and disabled people who have either no work record or a very low earnings. States also must provide Medicaid to people with an income three times SSI with no assets that are institutionalized. Colorado and many other states currently choose to provide Medicaid to people with long-term care needs that would be eligible to receive care in a nursing facility but choose to live in the community.  In nearly all cases the home and community-based services cost less than institutional care.  Two-Thirds (2/3) of Colorado’s long-term services spending is for these community-based programs called, “Home and Community-Based Services or HCBS.”  Colorado has more than 10 HCBS waiver programs.  Colorado also allows people with disabilities and parents of disabled children to earn money and pay a premium to receive Medicaid through Medicaid Buy-In Programs. These are also optional.




The Medicaid expansion population is not specifically aimed at people with disabilities, but there are some people with disabilities within the Medicaid expansion, usually at the lowest part of the income level. Before expansion, people with mental disabilities were unable to get through the Social Security Disability determination process due to lack of medical evidence and lack of assistance to do the paperwork, therefore were unable to get Medicaid. Many of these individuals are homeless. They were forced to get care in emergency rooms. These individuals need protection as well.  In Colorado, we also have the Medicaid Buy-In for working adults with disabilities and companion programs for children with disabilities who have working parents.  Without these programs, people who have waited years to go back to work and get out of poverty will have their dreams shattered and be forced back into poverty.


What might states do if Medicaid is block granted or if the federal share is reduced?


Block grants could force bad choices and cause substantial conflict as groups with diverse needs compete for scarce dollars.  Since the services to people with disabilities and the elderly are significantly more costly than health care coverage for children, states could decide to serve fewer costly adults and people with disabilities and focus scarce health care dollars on less costly children.  However, there is no certain way to know what states will do.  Below are possible choices states might make:

·         Colorado may reduce or eliminate coverage of Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS) and supports. Most people who need long-term services prefer to receive them at home. Colorado has been a proud leader of HCBS services and 2/3 of our LTSS funds go to community-based services. Over 60,000 Coloradans rely on LTSS. States could decide to stop providing these services or limit the number of people who could get them. Colorado already has some waiting lists, though was recently able to end other waiting lists. Colorado already struggles with rates that are too low to provide quality services.  This option would result in 1,000s of people entering very expensive nursing facilities.

·         States may decide to move people into institutions. Under a block grant, rules for providing quality care could be more flexible and conditions in institutions could return to the way they were in the past. With fewer requirements, it may be cheaper for states to care for people in large facilities. Over the past two decades, Colorado has worked to eliminate institutions,   We hope they would not return to that option but there is no guarantee.  Other states may move backwards into supporting institution and thus causing people with significant needs to migrate to Colorado.

·         Without a way to get a “match” for provider fees, Colorado might end the Medicaid Buy-In for Working Adults with Disabilities:  This program allows people with disabilities to work, and pay a premium for Medicaid. Over 5,000 people with disabilities will be forced to quit their jobs and go back into poverty. Employment hopes for all people with disabilities will be dashed. It has only been a few years since we had the ability to work and pay into Medicaid.  People that have given up other benefits such as SSI, SSDI, Section 8 and Food Stamps will have to go back on those benefits. Most significantly people that are able and willing to work, but who need Medicaid, will lose the self-respect and dignity of paying their own way.

·         States may reduce eligibility by making it more difficult to meet financial or other criteria. To be eligible for Medicaid, people have to be poor. States could restrict health care services to only the very, very poor and/or put in place work requirements that are difficult to meet and are likely to cause many people to exceed income limits. As mentioned above, for the past three years Coloradans with disabilities have been allowed to earn money—we have been advocating that people are now safe to go back to work and keep Medicaid. If this is taken away, it will do irreparable damage to the disability community and will put a chill on employment for decades.

·         States may slash the amounts they pay to doctors and other providers. It is already very difficult for people using Medicaid to find doctors and other health care providers. Finding a dentist or a specialist, such as a neurologist, is impossible in some communities. If states cut the amount they pay doctors and other providers, those professionals may quit serving people under Medicaid, making the problem even worse.


If people with disabilities lose their entitlement to Medicaid, couldn’t they just purchase private insurance instead?

No. Most people with disabilities cannot get medical insurance through an employer because they do not work full time. In fact, only 21% of people with all disabilities are working full-time for the full year (March 2011). As noted before, it has only been three years in Colorado that people with disabilities were allowed to work—and the state is still implementing the program so it is not yet available to people with certain disabilities. Many people with disabilities find that if insurers will sell them policies, it does not cover the services they need leaving insurmountable out of pocket costs. Even Medicare does not cover most of the daily services people with lifelong disabilities need.


Why are we concerned that services to people with disabilities might be targeted if Medicaid is turned into a block grant?


People with disabilities and the elderly account for most of the Medicaid spending. While children and parents make up about 90% of Medicaid enrollees, they account for 57% of the spending. In contrast, the elderly and individuals with disabilities make up 10% of enrollees, but about 42% of spending[1]. Sadly, not everyone sees people with disabilities as worthy. Under a block grant, federal funding for Medicaid would not grow when more people need health services. The challenge of providing health care without any additional federal money to people who are poor, elderly or have disabilities – would fall to the states. People with disabilities will be forced to “compete” for scarce resources with other groups that may have more political armor and more lobbyists, such as children. In Colorado, there are dozens of statewide organizations with paid lobbyists to focus on the needs of children. People with disabilities as the poorest demographic cannot compete with that nor should this be a situation of children versus the disabled. 

Are block grants cost effective?


A Medicaid block grant doesn’t control the cost of health care.  The cost continues to rise as people get older and use more health care services and as the general cost of all health care increases. Block grants shift more of the cost to that state and likely the individual. Costs may actually rise significantly because people who lose their health care or can’t afford it will stop seeing their doctors or taking their medication. When that happens, it makes existing health conditions worse leading to more doctor or hospital visits, increased costs on an ongoing basis and the individual ultimately faces more illness and hardship. If home and community-based services are reduced, it will likely lead to greater levels of costly and unnecessary institutionalization or homelessness. If people are not provided needed services, they may not be able to work, learn, or function in the community. This creates lost productivity from the individual and family members if they are called upon to provide care when there are no other options. A Medicaid block grant would save money for the federal government but would wreak havoc on the Colorado economy, force many rural hospitals to close, and shift the political landscape.

Why is Colorado so unique?

In Colorado, our taxpayers are protected by a bill of rights (TABOR) that prohibits the state to increase spending without a vote of the people. While this gives the people appropriate power, it limits the ability of the legislature to set financial priorities combined with other constitutional requirements, such as a requirement to increase educational spending every year. If the state cannot fund the needs of severely disabled people or are forced to cut necessary programs that have finally allowed people with disabilities to work, and live in the community the political backlash will be significant. People on all sides of the political spectrum understand that some people will always need Medicaid to support long-term services and supports. Disability is rarely something that one can control and only the wealthiest American’s with disabilities can manage without Medicaid. No matter how supportive or loving a family or faith community – someone must be paid to provide the basic human support that people need to get through their day. If we cannot match funds with provider fees, we stand to lose $764 million from the loss of the Hospital Provider Fee alone. Rural hospitals will close and almost half a million people including many with disabilities will lose coverage. The only solution would be to repeal TABOR and increase taxes substantially OR to take away life and liberty from many individuals with disabilities. Colorado Medicaid operates with only a 2.8% overhead and only 27% of their budget comes from the general fund, 69% from federal and re-appropriated funds and the hospital provider fee and 4% from cash funds. No amount of flexibility will replace this. Colorado is also set to have a dramatic increase in the senior population. Block grants do not account for these changes.

Bottom Line

Medicaid block grants and per capita caps are bad for our elderly, bad for our citizens with disabilities, bad for hospitals, bad for the economy, and bad for Colorado.

Asks for Congress:

1)      Please reject per capita caps and do not reduce the federal responsibility to elderly and people with disabilities –and other vulnerable individuals.

2)      Please require states to continue serving ALL categories of people with disabilities that currently receive services including all Home and Community Based Services Waiver clients and Medicaid Buy-In Programs.

3)      Please do not take away the ability of the states to use provider fees (mostly nursing home and hospital) to sustain our services without supplementing the funding.

4)      Please do not abdicate federal oversight.

5)      Please work with disability rights leaders that rely on these programs to make common sense policy changes.   We can help reduce costs in a way that will not hurt people.


Prepared by Julie Reiskin, Executive Director and Joshua Winkler, Board Co-Chair

Colorado Cross-Disability Coalition  303-839-1775

Please distribute freely

Accurate as of February 17, 2017


*Some information was taken from Arc US Block Grant Paper


[1] Colorado Department of Health Care Policy and Financing 2015-2016 annual report


Download the PDF Version

Susan Niner

Picture of Susan Niner

Susan Niner is the Deputy Director of the Colorado Department of Local Affairs', Division of Housing. She is responsible for all of the Department's rental assistance programs, homeless programs and home modification programs. She is most proud of the growing commitment the State of Colorado and the Division of Housing has made to affordable housing for people with disabilities. When she started working for the Division in 1998, there were 2,500 housing vouchers, and it has expanded to over 6,000 vouchers. This year, the Department has submitted a budget with a request for $18 million for funding targeted to housing and services for individuals who are homeless, many of whom are disabled. Even with the expansion of services, Susan is amazed at the lack of “targeted funding available to house those most in need.  Additionally, she feels as a community we need to ensure that units with accessibility features are provided for individuals who require those adaptations.” Susan also serves on the board for Atlantis Community Foundation.

When she takes time off, Susan can spend hours lost in a novel. She and her husband recently visited her daughter who is studying at Cambridge. Thank you, Susan, for sharing your passion for helping others and impacting many individuals!!

Timothy O’Brien

Picture of Timothy O’Brien

Denver City Auditor Timothy O’Brien has been a Certified Public Accountant for forty years. He ran for his current position because he wanted to give back. He moved to Denver in 1972.and the city has been good to him and his family. When asked which aspect of his job he enjoys the most he said the challenge of understanding how departments and organizations work. He also appreciates his dedicated staff.

He has conducted two audits which have resulted in positive changes for people with disabilities.  When Rocky Mountain Human Services was audited, many areas of overspending by management did not benefit actual clients. This ultimately led to legislation requiring CCBs across the state to become more transparent. The Auditor was approached by Chris Hinds, a man who is a quadriplegic and a CCDC member, about problems with parking for people with disabilities. The audit that was conducted revealed that the rules were followed very loosely. Both audits have resulted in changes.

Having a brother with mental health issues who spent some time homeless has made Auditor O’Brien aware of the challenges some people with disabilities face. His brother passed away three years ago.

Auditor O’Brien’s wife is his best friend and together they have three grown daughters.  In their spare time, they enjoy traveling and golfing.  Thank you, Auditor, for investigating and exposing important problems!

Tiffaine Casados

Picture of Tiffaine Casados

Tiffaine Casados’ voice might be familiar to those who use ACES$ for their CDASS. She is a Client Care Specialist for ACES$. She’s all things payroll.  In the four months she’s worked for ACES$, Tiffanie has done a wonderful job and it has become a home for her.  Nine years ago she was shot in downtown Denver by a drive-by shooter and became an incomplete paraplegic. Due to her paraplegia, she lives with a constant, high level of pain which she’ll never get used to. Her smile and outgoing personality masks her pain to all but those closest to her.

Using a wheelchair has not stopped Tiffaine.  She was Miss Wheelchair Colorado for a year. This allowed her to travel across the state. She often talked about gang prevention.  When she attended the national Miss Wheelchair competition, she was award the High Flyer Award She started flying a year ago and is working on earning her pilot’s license.

When asked what her advice would be for those who become disabled she said they should take their own time in healing and not feel pressured by others to rush the process. Her advice for living with a disability is to find out what works for you and makes you happy.  When not doing “all things payroll’, Tiffaine loves to cook, watch movies, and spend time with her family including eight nieces & nephews.

Thank you for being part of our community and showing us how to be a high flyer!

Post-Electoral Press Release --By Julie Reiskin

CCDC Logo -Colorado Cross-Disability Coalition --Nothing About Us, Without Us!

Dear CCDC Members,


I have been hearing from folks all day—well, since late last night.   First of all, I want to be clear that we have members who are Republican, Democrat and Independent.  While we vote and speak as a bloc on many issues, we are a diverse community.    We agree on disability rights but do not always agree on who or how to make those rights a reality.  

We are recovering as a nation from a bitterly divided race.  Secretary Clinton said today we need to approach President Elect Trump with an open mind and allow him to lead.   She is correct. 

For some, that will be hard--but the one thing we cannot do is hibernate and give up.  If anything this election demonstrated the power of showing up--the power of a democracy.  Once again, this election proved that good community organizing works.   It worked for Obama in 2008 and 2012 and worked for Trump in 2016. 

So what now?--we do not know much about Trump.  We do know a few things though: We know he has said he is not interested in cutting or changing social security--this is good news.  He has said he would like to block grant Medicaid--that is not such good news.   We need to learn more, why and figure out how we can get protections if and when that happens.   We know he will pick at least one and possibly the next three Supreme Court Judges.   We do not know whom will they will be.    While I do not want to make light of possibilities, we must remember it was a 5-4 conservative court that gave us the Olmstead decision.  It was a Republican President who signed the ADA into law.   On a state level, it was Republican Bill Owens that got Consumer-Directed Attendant Support Services (CDASS) running and originally supported Medicaid Buy-In.

Many of our issues cross party lines--we need to speak about them in ways that unite rather than divide.   Employment for people with disabilities, real jobs at living wages is an issue everyone can get behind.   Consumer Direction is also something that has been supported on both sides of the aisle--everyone can relate to wanting control over who comes in your home and touches your body.    Some of our issues will be tougher--stopping a notification provision in the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) will take a lot of work.

A lot of people in this country said they wanted change.   In our community we want change too.  We are still the poorest group in America with the least employment, the worst education and greatest health disparities.

So what now?  I am asking all of our members to do two things in the next two weeks:

  1. Find someone, anyone, of a different political party and have coffee or lunch together.  You do not have to talk politics but you can.  Get to know the other person and how they think.   If we are going to heal as a nation we MUST figure out how to listen to each other.   I expect the disability community to be leaders and role models--because we are.  We are also survivors and we must remember this.
  2. Set up a meeting with your state representative or senator--we elected a bunch of them.  If you do not know who your state rep or senator is, look it up at the State’s website. As a constituent, you should be able to get a meeting.  This should be a get to know you meeting.  Ask what they are interested in--ask how you can help.  Tell them about issues of concern to our community (employment, Medicaid, CDASS, Buy-In, SPED, etc.).  CCDC will get out talking points ASAP.     If Medicaid is block granted, we need to be prepared--and one thing we can do is make sure that CCDC members have a personal relationship with every single one of our legislators. We should have this level of communication with our state officials anyway!


Report your success back to CCDC using the email


Some of you have asked “Is CCDC going to be OK?”   The answer is YES--we do not rely on government money --but we do rely on donations.   We will need to work harder, smarter, stronger and longer and we will need your support more than ever.  Colorado Gives Day is December 6th and you can schedule your donation now--or just make a donation online today by visiting the CCDC Colorado Gives or by sending a check.   You can step up and ask Dawn Howard what committees need people to show up--and show up even if it is not your most important issue.   You can sign up for the next advocacy class that will begin early next year by reaching out to Sheryle Hutter.  We offer the class live and online. We will be OK but for our community to thrive we really need ALL HANDS ON DECK.  We will work with all of our allies in the disability community and in other areas such as the Colorado Trust’s Health Equity Cohort.

There is a national conference call Friday that CCDC Board Vice Chair Josh Winkler and I will attend.  There is only so much room on the call so we will attend and share the wisdom back with you all for national organizing strategies to preserve the gains we have made and hopefully continue to make progress.

If anyone needs to talk, if people are scared or uncertain, we have staff ready to provide support.  Just leave a message on the general voice mail at CCDC at 303-839-1775 or send an email to



In closing, I want to say--you all did great. We had the largest get out the vote effort ever--and we will continue to do voter engagement.  It is not about who we vote for, rather that we all get out there and have our voices heard.   For those who are not happy with the outcome, it is OK to be bummed but not OK to fail to act.   For those who are happy with the outcome, please help with the healing.   Grassroots organizing, listening to each other, and understanding that every single one of us has value is what a democracy is all about.   Our leadership, strategic thinking, and action based on our values of inclusion are needed in this country more than ever before.   I know that the Colorado disability community will do what we must--what we have done before and will do again--which is get to work and show others how to do unity and inclusion, even if we do not always agree.

CCDC Voters' Guide

RevUp Graphic that reads: Regise! Educate! Vote! ... Use your power!  RevUp! ...


For the video version of this guide, Visit: "CCDC Video Voters' Guide"


Welcome to the CCDC Voters’ Guide:   The intent of this guide is to give Colorado based, disability specific information regarding voting as it pertains to the 2016 election. 

YOU HAVE TO BE REGISTERD TO VOTE TO PARTICIPATE:  You can still register to vote if you are not registered.

You can also find out if you are registered here.

If you experience ANY barrier to voting please call Disability Law Colorado at 303-722-0300 or toll free 1-800-288-1376.  You may also call DLC’s Grand Junction office by phone at 970-241-6371 or toll free 1-800-531-2105 or contact DLC by email at   They enforce our voting rights.  Check out their excellent web resources on voting rights.

Some barriers experienced by people with disabilities (PWD) included

·        Non-accessible ballots

·        Non-accessible vote centers

·        Staff or others telling PWD they have to vote a certain way.


This is a very important election.   

November 8th.  Election Day

October 24th Vote Centers Open

October 17th Mail ballots are sent

If you need help reading or filling out the ballot, you

*You can get that help from a family member or friend you trust OR

*You can go to the vote center and get help from an election staff member.    The election staff can read a ballot to you and can help you push buttons on a machine at your direction.  They cannot explain what a certain question means or give you information about a candidate.   If you need that kind of help, you need to speak to a friend or family member.  CCDC is also available to help as are many other advocacy organizations.  Some organizations that might be able to help include:

Local Arc chapters

Centers for Independent Living

National Federation of the Blind-Colorado Chapter

NO ONE including friends, family or advocates should ever tell you HOW to vote—they should just explain the issue.

 ALL people with disabilities in Colorado who are registered to vote can vote—including people who have a guardian.   If you live in a group home, host home or nursing facility you have the right to vote, and staff must facilitate this process for you.  Staff cannot tell you how to vote.

What you get to vote for this time!

1)    President of the United States  Hillary Clinton versus Donald Trump

2)    United States Senate Race for Colorado –Bennet Versus Glenn.  There are races in most Colorado Congressional districts as well.

3)    Depending on where you live you may be electing your state Senator or your State Representative.  In some areas you will vote for other offices such as school board member or district attorney.   In the metro area, people vote for RTD Board Members.  All candidates for office are listed on the Secretary of State website.

4)    You can vote to retain judges or not. 

5)    You can vote on a number of state and local ballot initiatives.   This guide will go through each statewide ballot initiative.  For local initiatives please contact a local advocate.

As a nonprofit organization CCDC cannot endorse or oppose any candidate—we cannot be and are not partisan!  This means we do not favor Democratics or Republicans – we focus only on issues that affect people with disabilities. 

This voters’ guide focuses solely on issues that affect people with disabilities.  We pose questions to ask and things to think about when you are voting if your vote is swayed by disability rights issues.   There is growing evidence that people with disabilities and our families, friends and allies are voting as a bloc.  When we vote fully or partially based on a candidates views on disability we increase our collective political power.


 You will get a Ballot Information Book, called a “Blue Book,” in the mail.    The Blue Book will give the official “pro” and “con” on each ballot initiative, but may fail to address issues that affect people with disabilities.  The Blue Book also provides you information about judges that are up for retention.  In Colorado, Judges are initially appointed, but voters periodically decide whether judges get to keep or “retain” their jobs.   We suggest you read the reports in the Blue Book and perhaps research regarding the recommendations for or against retention of certain judges.  Too many people just do not vote whether or not to retain judges.   Any time you do not voteyou are giving up power.


You have a lot of power in the local races.  You should be able to attend an event for candidates or simply reach out and contact them through their website.  You can ask them questions on issues that are important to you.  For the Presidential Race or the US Senate Race, you likely will not get to speak to the candidate but you can still search their websites and their personal histories to see how much they care about issues important to you. 

Here are some questions or things to think about when trying to decide about candidates.  One important clue is to see if they are even talking about disability issues at all.  Sadly, neither candidate for US Senate in Colorado has a disability section on their website.



Sample questions you may want to ask candidates running for national office:

1)    The American’s with Disabilities Act is under attack.  The law has been around for more than 25 years and people should know and obey the law and the regulations.  Some people are trying to limit the effectiveness of the ADA by requiring people with disabilities to notify a business that it is discriminating before filing a lawsuit.   CCDC strongly opposes a notification requirement, because this creates an unacceptable burden on the disabled person.  Just finding an owner can be challenging.  Will you oppose any effort, such as this one, to weaken the ADA? 


2)    Most people with disabilities want to work and can work –but not always full time or consistently.  Social Security defines disability as the inability to do any job in the national economy.  This definition creates a disincentive to work because if people are able to work even part time or show ability they fear that Social Security will use that to determine that they are not truly disabled. What ideas do you have to allow people to work when they can as much as they can but provide a safety net for those unable to work enough or consistently to survive?

3)    What do you think the federal government should do to promote employment of people with disabilities?


4)    People with disabilities continue to have severe disparities in education.  Nationally and in Colorado too few kids with disabilities graduate high school.   Too often special education is simply “prep school for prison” and accountability is non-existent.  What role do you think the federal government should have to make sure kids with disabilities are educated?

5)    The Disability Integration Act would reform how community-based long-term services and supports are provided through the Medicaid system and reduce inequities between states.  Do you support this act?  If not, why and what are your proposals.

Sample questions for candidates running for local office:

1)    People with disabilities know what we need and what is best for us.  Will you commit to include people with all types of disabilities in all policy decisions that will affect our lives in a real and meaningful way?  This means involving people who have lived experience and connection to the disability community.

2)    People with disabilities have a lot to contribute to society if allowed and supported to do so.  We still face barriers to employment and education.   Only 67.4% of kids in Special Education are graduating high school in Colorado.  Fewer than 30% of people with disabilities have full time, full year jobs. What ideas do you have to improve education for children with disabilities and to increase employment for adults with disabilities? ?

3)    People with disabilities often need supports such as Medicaid programs that provide equipment and attendant care even when we have jobs.    How will you support people with disabilities that need programs such as Medicaid?

4)    Some disability programs have a $2000 asset test, excluding a home and a vehicle.  This means that if you ever save more than $2000, you are not eligible for the program.  This low asset limit discourages self-sufficiency and economic responsibility for people with disabilities – they are not permitted to  save enough money to be responsible owners.  Would you support raising or eliminating this asset test for people with significant disabilities? 

5)    It has become impossible for many people to afford rent.  This is especially true for those living on low and fixed incomes, which includes many people with disabilities.  What will you do about the affordable housing crisis to ensure people with disabilities can afford housing?



CCDC takes positions on ballot initiatives that have specific disability-related impact.  Below is our analysis of all statewide ballot initiatives that we believe impact people with disabilities.  .  We have taken only on those issues Read this and make up your own mind.[1]

Amendment 69 - OPPOSE:  This would change the Colorado constitution to create a statewide single payer health care system.   This system would eliminate the need for insurance companies and assure that all Colorado residents receive health care coverage.  This would fold Medicaid and the Children’s Health Care program into the single payer system with approval from the federal government.   The system would be governed by a 21 member board.  

Is this a disability issue?  YES—health care and disability are closely linked.  Most long-term services and supports are funded through the Medicaid program.

CCDC sadly must OPPOSE Amendment 69.   While CCDC has not taken a position on single payer, many people involved with CCDC think that a single payer system for the country would be a good idea.   CCDC also agrees with the proponents of Amendment 69 that the current system is horribly broken and is leaving too many people out.  Private insurance premiums and overhead is outrageous and bureaucracy is taking up an increasing share of health care resources. 

However there are too many problems with Amendment 69 that are risky for people with disabilities.    These concerns include:

1)    This complex amendment is in the constitution—if there is a glitch or problem, it will not be feasible for an advocacy group to solve it with a legislative bill, and instead will require a new referendum.   Passing a constitutional amendment costs millions and is extremely time consuming.

2)    The governance of this program will be by an elected 21 member board.  This board will set their own rules, and they are not subject to recall.   Only people capable of raising enough money will get elected to this board.   Likely special interests such as the pharmaceutical, hospital and nursing home associations will elect their people to this board.  People with disabilities do not have the resources to compete.

3)    The governing board has no mandate to include people with disabilities or even consider and protect their interests.   If we felt our interests were being overlooked, we would no longer be able to go to the legislature or the Governor’s office to get it solved.   

4)    The amendment guarantees that only that all federally required Medicaid services will be provided.  Colorado provides services that go beyond the federal minimum.   If the costs are too high the board will have the power to cut benefits or prices down to the federal minimum.    Medicaid would be folded into this system but may not be full Medicaid as we know it.  We currently have some innovative programs within the Medicaid system such as the Community First Choice, Care Coordination Models, etc. The new Board would have the power to unilaterally decide if these programs would continue.  

5)     There is no guarantee that the same delivery methods available in Medicaid would be continued through Colorado Care.  For example, the Colorado Care Board could decide to offer personal care and home health care but not using consumer direction.   Similarly, there is nothing that would stop this board from reducing the quality of wheelchairs or other medical equipment by requiring competitive bidding or through bulk ordering.

6)    There is NO specific guarantee about continued provision of long term services and supports.  The list of benefits does not specifically address these services currently available for clients on Medicaid waiver programs.

7)    People must live in Colorado for one year before being eligible—for decades people from other states have come to Colorado because of our great disability community.  This would make moving to Colorado impossible for people with disabilities who would be unable to cover their costs of health care for a whole year.  (On the other hand, people with money but who know they will need expensive health care might move here, wait a year, and then let Colorado pay for their expensive procedure).

8)    This initiative does not include Medicare or Veteran’s Health Care.  However, people on Medicare or VA care will still have to pay premiums, some while still supporting this new program with payroll cuts.   Medicare clients may not be able to find doctors because doctors will have to only deal with the Colorado Cares system so may not want to do the extra administrative work to deal with Medicare. 

9)    There are various reports making differing claims about the financial feasibility of the program.  If there is not enough money the board would be able to vote to cut benefits, and it seems likely that costly benefits to people with significant disabilities would be early on the chopping block.

Amendment 70 -NEUTRAL:   This would raise the minimum wage from the current rate of $8.31 per hour to $12 per hour gradually by 2020.  

Why is this a disability issue?   PWD are the poorest demographic in the country and many of those lucky enough to have a job are working at the lower end the pay spectrum.  Moreover, there are immediate implications to disability benefits and programs upon which PWD rely.

Click here to Download the PDF version of the CCDC Voters' Right 2016.

CCDC is NEUTRAL on this amendment.  We see potential benefits and pitfalls to this initiative.  We  believe current minimum wage, and even $12 per hour, is not adequate to make a living, which weighs in favor of the initiative.  Still, we are concerned that this increased minimum wage might have negative impacts on people with disabilities 

a)     People on benefit programs including food stamps, SSI, public housing, child care and TANF will simply have to reduce their hours to keep benefits, therefore not improving their situations.  So that people with disabilities may continue to and be encouraged to work, benefit limitations must be increased if minimum wage is increased.

b)    This does not come with increased funding and some parts of the Medicaid service system may not be able to easily absorb this increase without other policy changes.  While we believe it is reprehensible to pay direct care staff less than $12 or even $15 an hour, some providers in the Developmental Disability system or unskilled personal care providers do not get enough money from the Medicaid rates to go much above minimum wage.  We fear that without additional funds this could create dangerously low staffing rates.

c)     It is important to note that people with disabilities are still being paid LESS than minimum wage in some situations.  There are programs that require people with disabilities get paid no more than half the minimum wage and often the people in these programs are paid far less.  This practice must be abolished. 

Our neutrality is solely out of concern that these serious issues that affect people with disabilities have not been addressed.  CCDC certainly believes all Coloradoans should be paid at least $12 an hour.

Amendment 72  NEUTRAL This will amend existing constitutional language to increase taxes on cigarettes and other tobacco products.  The money will be spent on medical research, tobacco prevention, veterans’ health services, youth behavioral health services and other health programs.   

Is this a disability issue?  Sort of—many of the people that smoke cigarettes are lower income and often people with mental illness smoke because there is something in cigarettes that reduces symptoms of some mental illnesses.    This is a regressive tax.   However, we also know people with mental illness die 25 years earlier than others and providing support to veterans’, tobacco prevention, and youth behavioral care are good things.  Hopefully research would include understanding what in cigarettes is so helpful to people with serious mental illness and that specific element can be captured and provided in a pill form that does not impair the lungs.  Proponents also say increasing the cost will reduce use of tobacco—if that happens the money generated from this tax will decrease and, therefore, work to defund the services mentioned above.  Opponents say this initiative will disproportionately affect lower income people and lock spending into the constitution regardless of the need for funding in other areas.

CCDC has NO position on this amendment.

Proposition 106 - OPPOSE:  Access to Medical Aid in Dying—also known as physician assisted suicide.  This would amend the Colorado law to give mentally competent, terminally ill patients the right to access “MAID” Medical Aid in Dying medications.  There are protections and penalties for abuse of the protections process.

Is this a disability issue?   YES: While terminal illness is not a disability issue, too often disability is confused with terminal illness.  

CCDC OPPOSES this proposal because given current cultural bias against people with disabilities, there is no way to avoid discrimination in implementation.

-          Concern about Coercion: Because it is not always easy to get pain management or long term services and supports, and because the medical establishment does not understand how one can have a great life with a serious disability, it would  be easy for people with disabilities to be pressured to end their lives, particularly if there were financial concerns or someone was concerned about “burdening” one’s family.  Moreover, the data from other states shows that many people get prescriptions to take and just “keep” them.  Many people with disabilities feel beholden to caregivers and could be pressured to take the medication once they went through the trouble of obtaining the medication.  Some people may even be pressured first to get the medications, then to use the medication.   Once this “alternative” is available other options such as home and community based services, hospice, and other less permanent solutions.


-          Concern about inequality between different disability groups: Anyone with a cognitive, psychiatric or communication disability could be stopped from receiving this ‘Assistance.’ If this is a ‘right’ then these individuals must be included!

-          What about someone with cancer and clinical depression? Would this make Assisted Suicide inaccessible to those that claim to need and/or want it the most?  There is no easy answer, hence our need to oppose this legislation.  Finally, the requirement to self-administer makes it inaccessible to many of the people that say they want this, for example someone with advanced ALS. 

-          Concern about Availability: If Assisted Suicide is made available to anyone, it would be very easy to roll down the slippery slope [as has occurred] of convincing people to take this assistance when that might not be the actual wish of the individual.   People get the medication and then self-administer.  Would someone with a challenging disability feel pressured to follow through once the prescription was obtained?

CCDC strongly believes people must have control over their bodies and choices.  We believe people should be able to stop treatment if they are not benefiting and are strong advocates of hospice care for people.    This is not about eliminating choice and not even about the philosophical question of physician assisted suicide.

REMEMBER: It is crucial that people who are suicidal are never shamed or made to feel bad about themselves. This is a very personal journey and judging people is always a bad idea. Anyone feeling suicidal should always be given full support, empathy and care.


While we oppose this proposal we understand that there are some people in the disability community that do support Prop 106.    CCDC is taking the position on broad societal issues and based on our two and a half decades of experience with how the health care system views disability which is quite different than a personal choice perspective.


Proposition 107 -SUPPORT:   This would change the Colorado law to establish a Presidential Primary instead of the current caucus system.   Unaffiliated voters could vote in a primary.  Colorado would become a “winner take all” state meaning that whichever candidate wins the primary would have the vote of all delegates at the conventions. 

Why is this a disability issue?  This initiative affects all people, but there are disability-specific issues raised by the caucus process. 

CCDC SUPPORTS this proposition because the caucus process remains very inaccessible to many people with disabilities.   While there have been improvements in the caucus system (for example they are no longer held in private homes) they are not accessible for people who cannot:

·        Navigate through large crowds

·        Hear

·        Speak loudly

·        Stand in long lines

·        Find transportation in the evening with uncertain end time

·        Think and react quickly

·        Follow verbal information that is presented quickly

While some caucus access issues could be accommodated –for example provision of more interpreters – the caucus process would need a substantial infusion of resources to be truly accessible to people with all types of disabilities, which is unlikely to occur.   Currently the parties pay for their own caucuses.  Under this initiative, primaries would be publically financed.   Voting in a primary would be done via a mail-in ballot or at a voting center where there are accessible machines.  This would give everyone an equal say including those that need more time to process information, those without evening transportation, and those with communication-related disabilities.  

The main advantage of the caucus process was the ability to discuss issues with neighbors and influence the party platform.  However, this does not happen anymore.  The party platforms are really created by the party platform committees and people with disabilities could have more to say by becoming involved in their party and attending the platform committee meetings.

Ballot initiatives that are not disability issues:

The following ballot initiatives are important, but do not have a specific disability component.  Therefore CCDC is not taking a position but, as a service to our members, will explain in plain language what they mean and, in some cases, provide a brief recitation of both sides of the issue:

Proposition 108

This will create open primary elections for all non-presidential elections.  Unaffiliated voters could vote in the primary and would receive combined ballot with candidates from every party.  The ballots would not count if they choose candidates from more than one party.

Is this a disability issue?  NO—CCDC has no position on this proposition.

Amendment 71 will amend the state constitution to make it more difficult to amend in the future.  A new amendment to the constitution would require 55% of the popular vote and existing provisions could be repealed or amended with 50% of the vote.  However, to get anything on the ballot one would need to get signatures from 2% of all registered voters in each of the 35 senate districts.  

Proponents say that we need to make it harder to change our constitution and that people should start by changing statutes—which is possible under Colorado law through the proposition process.  Some opponents say that we should not “raise the bar” to changing the constitution until we can fix the stranglehold of TABOR, Amendment 23 and Gallagher, which limit legislative authority on fiscal matters.  Other opponents say that it is good that citizens can amend the constitution and we should not make it harder.

Is this a disability issue?  No- CCDC has no position on this amendment.

Amendment T will amend the state constitution to remove language that currently allows for slavery and involuntary servitude to be used as punishment for the conviction of a crime.  

Is this a disability issue?  NO.  While CCDC obviously thinks slavery is wrong, this is not a disability specific amendment.

Amendment U will amend the state constitution to eliminate property taxes for individuals and business that use government owned property for a private benefit that has a market value of $600 or less. 

Is this a disability issue?  NO CCDC has no position on this proposal


[1] What is the difference between an AMENDMENT, a PROPOSITION, and why are some ballot initiatives letters and others numbers? An Amendment means the initiative would change the Constitution of the state of Colorado.  A proposition is an initiative that, if passed, would change state laws.  A ballot initiative is a letter if it comes from the General assembly and it is a number if it comes from the people through the signature gathering process.   


Click here to Download the PDF version of the CCDC Voters' Right 2016.

Shannon Secrest

Picture of Shannon Secrest

Shannon Secrest is a mother of two:  She has a twelve-year-old son, Logan, who is deaf and has autism and a ten year old daughter-Halley.   Halley, is protective of her older brother & may be an advocate like her mom because she has already educated all her friends about Medicaid. Shannon moved to Colorado when her son was 3 so he could attend the Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind. Her son’s behaviors due to his autism were seen as a problem and Logan was kicked out. As a result of her experiences, she wants to make changes for every child in Colorado. Today Shannon is an active advocate for her son who continues to need extensive support. She is also his Certified Nurse Assistant.

Eighteen months ago, she took CCDC’s Advocacy Training. She loves system advocacy because it allows her the opportunity to make things better for groups of people. When doing system advocacy, she is an ambassador, educator and mindset changer. She wants individuals who make policies to understand that everyone has value. Shannon wants people to slow down and give people a chance. As an advocate, she wants professionals in the field to see themselves and other volunteer advocates as equals. She has appreciated Julie giving her new opportunities and finds she’s never bored.

She and her children enjoy traveling in Colorado and swimming in hotel pools. Thanks Shannon for using your skills and passion to change systems!

Ellen Golombek

Picture of Ellen Golombek

Director Golombek’s, Director of Colorado’s Department of Labor and Employment, path to her current position was unusual. She was a flight attendant for a major US airline who became very involved in her union. .  From there, she then worked for the national union.  As part of that, she became involved with the CO AFL-CIO, first as political director, then Secretary Treasurer and ultimately President.

She thoroughly enjoys working with her incredible & dedicated staff. She is interested in the current work around non-traditional apprenticeships. Director Golombek travels around the state and around the country including to DC.  All her travelling makes it challenging to get all the work she wants to do done.

Director Golombek is very excited to have the Division of Vocational (DVR) The DVR staff is dedicated and truly cares. She wants to help all Coloradans, including people with disabilities, to find meaningful work. She believes having DVR at CDLE will assist the process of finding work for individuals to be more collaborative and integrated. She hopes that the state and its businesses can look at the talent people with disabilities bring to the workplace.

When she has/takes time to relax, she spends time with her son and a circle of wonderful friends.  The activities she enjoys include hiking, reading, and live music.


Thank you for all you do to assist all citizens of Colorado to find meaningful work!!

Diana Seals

Picture of Diana Seals

Diana Seals is a CCDC volunteer who helps at our office and at special events such as the ADA awards.  She helps individual clients and has been an advocate for change in the apartment complex where she lives.  For Diana, the best part of advocating is meeting people. She started advocating and volunteering at CCDC because CCDC has helped her to stay positive and know her rights. Diana wants to give back and assist in informing others of their rights.


She has been on the Board of Directors at CHARG(an organization which provides services to people with mental illness). On Fridays she participates in a cooking class at Charg. She likes to stay busy through many activities like  reading, doing embroidery, sewing, crocheting, socializing with people in her apartment complex and going to second-hand stores.  Thank you Diana!

Rosetta Stevenson

Picture of Rosetta Stevenson (Zetta)

As four-year old Rosetta Stevenson assisted in making grape juice from concentrate, she knew that she wanted to be in the kitchen. Growing up she helped her grandmother bake and watched her mother cook. When a high school teacher asked Zetta what she wanted to do when she grew up, Zetta responded that she wanted to be a chef. Zetta’s teacher responded, “Impossible, you’re deaf”.  Undaunted, Zetta earned an Associate of Applied Science degree in Culinary Art, a Certificate in Professional Baking and Pastry and a Bachelor of Science degree in Hospitality Management from the Illinois Institute of Art in Chicago.

After school, Zetta was turned down for many restaurant jobs she applied for. Owners and managers would ask, “How can you hear a timer?”  Individuals from her school suggested that she start her own business.  Today she has her own bakery in Loveland, Colorado ( where she makes European pastries and desserts.

When asked what advice she would give people with disabilities about starting their own businesses, she responded, “First, a person needs to identify what it is that they like to do. Once they have done that, they must believe that what they want is possible. The last step is to believe in themselves.  Some examples of persons who proved this are Stephen Hawking, Lorenzo Odone (the movie Lorenzo’s Oil) and many others who believe in possibility."

Thank you for believing in your vision to make delicious treats for others!


The Art of Pastry: A Dream Realized --By Peter Dahaas.  [scroll to page 9]

Robin Bolduc and Bruce Goguen

Picture of Robin Bolduc and Bruce Goguen


Robin, a former board member of CCDC, was “introduced” to the world of disability when she adopted her daughter with Down Syndrome in 1988.  As she registered her daughter for kindergarten in Langhorne, PA, she was told “we have a special place for children like her.”  Robin’s journey into the world of disability advocacy began so her daughter could attend her local school.  The school district dubbed her “Attila the Mom,” a title that she wears proudly.  Along the way, Robin became Assistant Director of United Cerebral Palsy of New Jersey and later a community organizer for the Public Interest Law Center of Philadelphia (PILCOP).  Through PILCOP, she became involved with Philadelphia ADAPT, a national advocacy group dedicated to in-home support services.     

Bruce began using a wheelchair due to MS in the late 1980s.  As a new wheelchair user in Boulder, CO, the architectural barriers that he encountered shocked him.  He became involved with his local independent living center.  Bruce was the co-creator of the “East Boulder Rollers” and worked to develop the first accessibility guide for the Pearl Street Mall (prior to the Americans with Disabilities Act).  East Boulder Rollers worked closely with Denver ADAPT and served as the early foundation for Boulder ADAPT. 

In May 1995, Robin and Bruce’s lives intercepted at an ADAPT demonstration in Washington DC.  They spent several days chatting, eating cold hamburgers, and chanting “our homes, not nursing homes.”  For several months they talked on the phone until they could no longer afford their telephone bills!  They were married in Pennsylvania in December 1995.  Robin joined Bruce in Boulder, Colorado and blended their families of 6 children.

Robin and Bruce’s lives intercepted with CCDC shortly after their marriage.  They attended a workshop at the state capitol at the beginning of the 1996 legislative session.  Julie Reiskin was the speaker.  Robin and Julie got into an argument about a legislative issue.  They have been close friends ever since! 

During the course of their marriage, Robin and Bruce have fostered and adopted 6 older children with special needs.  CCDC has advocated both individually and systemically to meet the support needs of their children and their family.  Robin and Bruce joined CCDC in their policy work.  Spending many hours at the State capital during legislative sessions and sitting policy committees.  They are most proud of working legislation and them policy committees with CCDC in the development of Consumer Directed Attendant Supports.  Most recently, CCDC provided individual advocacy that allowed their daughter’s access to appropriate in-home support services to insure that she is able to live a health life in her own apartment. 


“It is an honor to be a monthly supporter of CCDC.  CCDC has truly lived Margaret Mead’s challenge of ‘Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it's the only thing that ever has.’” -  Robin and Bruce 

Caitlin Brady

Picture of Caitlin Brady

At 17 Caitlin is a young, powerful voice. She started being an advocate at 15 when Mark Simon (CCDC friend & legislative guru) started taking her to the capitol.  Caitlin feels empowered when assisting others with individual advocacy.  She's proud when she sees the tangible results of how her work is changing people’s lives.

She is passionate about helping youth in transition from school to adult systems. Youth with disabilities often do not understand IEPs (individual Education Plans) and 504 plans- the parts of strong, effective plans and how they can impact a student’s life. Youth may not have other school policies adequately explained to them. Youth are also often protected as children and adolescents.  This protection leaves them unprepared to advocate for themselves and to find their way through the complex maze of adult services. A maze that needs work and is so complex no young person should try to find themselves through themselves. Caitlin partners with youth with disabilities helping them learn to advocate for themselves and understand the system.

I asked Caitlin what two of her wishes are. First, special educators would be true advocates for their students, not just when it is convenient for the educators and the school system. The second wish is that when accommodations are requested, solutions are found which are appropriate for the individual.


She has ambitious dreams for herself - attending Harvard Law School, becoming a civil rights attorney, and adopting children with mental illness. Go for it!!

Dr. Kimberley Jackson

Picture of Dr. Kimberley Jackson

Dr. Kim Jackson was trained as a Doctor of Osteopathy. She is now a CCDC Advocate who uses her knowledge as a physician to inform her work on the Pharmacy and Therapeutic Committee which recommends which new drugs to recommend for the formulary list for medicaid patients. She is also on the State Medical Assistance & Advisory Council which reviews new policies and advises HCPF. During the 2015 Legislative Session worked hard to pass the Colorado Care Act which requires hospitals to ask patients about who can help plan meaningful discharge plans.

Kim explained the difference between being a Medical Doctor and a Doctor of Osteopathy.

Osteopathy started in the mid 1800s because many of the medical treatments of the time did more harm than good. We tend to look at the body in a more holistic fashion, and in school learn a form of manipulation to help realign parts of the body. Other than that our training is identical to what MDs do, and we practice in all the same specialties

While attending Midwest Academy Training (about Community Organizing) last spring, Kim realized that creating online training for people with disabilities (PWD) to assist them in getting the most of their time with their physicians would be helpful. She will also be creating online training to assist physicians in providing disability competent care to .If you want additional information, please contact Kim at

Kim says that advocating through CCDC “means the world to her” . A progressive neurological illness makes her unable to practice medicine. Doing advocacy work allows her use her training and give back to the community. She recommends that individuals take the CCDC Advocacy Training. Advocates have all different abilities.

Thank you Kim for all you add to our community!

Jeanie Benfield

Picture of Jeanie Benfield

Jeanie Benfield is on CCDC’s Board of Directors, the President of Pueblo ADA Advisory Committee, and an advisor to the CCDC representative on the SB-109 Mandatory Reporting Law task force.

Jeanie has cerebral palsy due to a birth injury.  She is in the Developmental Disability (DD) system because it was the only system available to provide services when Jeanie was younger. She has no intellectual disabilities.  Individuals often see and treat her as a person with intellectual disabilities which is frustrating. Jeanie grew up with her brothers and loving parents. Currently she lives in a group home run by a great agency.  Due to low pay of direct care staff, her group home has high staff turnover.  Jeanie is working to obtain increased wages for direct care staff.

When asked what she enjoys doing when she’s not advocating, Jeanie’s reply is, “If I ever have a day off, I like to watch movies and old TV shows. I also enjoy working on my family tree.”

In November we celebrate the inclusion of people with disabilities. Inclusion is important to Jeanie “Because we are people, too. Disabilities are a normal part of the human experience.”

Jeanie learned advocacy skills from her parents. When asked the best way to get started doing advocacy, she replied, “Speak up; nothing will change if you don't. Start by asking for what you need. If you can't get what you need, find the people who can help you.”


Thank you for all you do for our community and CCDC!

Dr. Joe Panza

Picture of Dr. Joe Panza

Dr. Joe Panza has become a committed friend and ally of CCDC since returning to Colorado upon his retirement from teaching in Connecticut. Over his career, he has been the Executive Director of the Arc of Denver, Assistant Director of the Colorado of Division for Developmental Disabilities and a full professor at Southern Connecticut State University (SCSU). In his retirement he still teaches for SCSU. He teaches Leadership Development and Disabilities in Society.  He teaches our advocacy students about one on his favorite topics: advocacy.  Dr. Joe loves to hang out with those who think outside of the box.

In honor of Disability Employment Awareness Month, I asked Dr. Joe what employment does for people-including people with disabilities.  He commented that: employment gives people a feeling of usefulness and dignity; they can show what they can do/produce and be seen as citizens who contribute to the society and communities in which they live. They become taxpayers. Employees make friends at work, many of whom are non-disabled, thereby extending their circle of friends and relationships.  He recalled hiring a program manager who happened to use a wheelchair. This employee was able to perform his duties and soon the fact he used a wheelchair wasn’t even noticed by his co-workers. He was just one the managers like everybody else. And, that’s what people with disabilities really want: just to be able to prove they can do the job and be judged like anyone else, on their ability.

Thank you for your decades of dedication of working with and for people with disabilities. Thank you also for being CCDC’s friend.

Shirl Garcia

Photo Shirl Garcia

CCDC is celebrating September’s National Preparedness Month. Because of this, we have selected Shirl Garcia, for our “September Person of The Month”! 

Shirl is very active, in Emergency Preparedness, on so many levels. She is involved from ‘Neighborhood Safety Days” to local, county, regional and state “Community Preparedness Advisory” boards. She is active with North Central Region Access and Functional Needs Emergency Preparedness Advisory Council, and NCR Citizen Corp Council. She also serves Colorado Public Utilities Commission 911 Task Force. She is a strong proponent for “Text-to-911”. 

 According to the 2010 US Census, Colorado is home to over 500,000 residents with some form of disability. That number continues to grow, daily.

Shirl and her husband, Gil, are certified by FEMA to be “Community Emergency Response Instructors”!  They instruct for both Denver and Longmont CERT. Both are credentialed with Red Cross, where they serve on the “Disaster Preparedness Team”, Southern Baptist Disaster Relief, and Colorado Volunteer Mobilizer.

They teach “how to be prepared for an emergency”. This could be a house fire, or tornado, or flood. By being prepared, you can help your family and neighbors, respond as opposed to reacting. By doing this, you become part of the solution, and not part of the problem!

Shirl states; “I have spoken with a large number of people with access and functional needs, in different environments.  It seems that there is a “learned helplessness” mindset, for some. There is a high number of folks who think “we only have to call 911” in a disaster. When in fact, on a really bad day, first responders may be days before reaching you.

Families and individuals with Access and Functional Needs, CAN and SHOULD take the responsibility of developing their own emergency plan.  It can simply start with making a communication plan.

Go to  and

Shirl wants to get the word out, how important it is, to sign up for “weather and emergency alerts”.  You can become a Red Cross volunteer or participate in local community education classes. Take a weather spotter class and/or Community Emergency Response Training! You can go to your local town hall, Police or Fire Department, for more information.

You can receive weather and emergency alerts by text, email and phone calls! This is for everyone! To sign up, go to your local city or county office of emergency management website. Follow the instructions.

Self-preservation and having knowledge is power!  We want people to “Respond” as opposed to “React”. Shirl wants to educate others in the basics of “being prepared”. What do you need to take with you in an “Evacuation”, as well as being prepared to “Shelter in Place.”

Shirl and Gil, have gone to Emergency Management Institute for classes to be certified by FEMA, in Community Emergency Response Training Train the Trainer and Program Manager!  They are returning, in September, to take “Integrating Access and Functional Needs into Emergency Planning”.

They are certified trainers for “ Planning for Disasters-Related Risk Factors and Functional Needs of People with Disabilities”

Shirl does all this, in spite, of her life’s challenge! She has a speech impairment, due to Wilson’s disease. She lost her speech, 35 years ago. However since then, Shirl says,    ”My life has been a grand adventure!” She states, “ This does not define, who I am! I define myself, life’s possibilities, and what I can do!” She has worked as Rehab Technician for ten years, in California. A contractor for Department of Vocational Rehabilitation, in Oregon and Colorado, and now heavily involved, with Emergency Community Education and Preparedness.

She gives praise to God. Philippians 4:1313 I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me.

Shirl’s favorite quote, by Hunter S. Thompson; 

“Life should not be a journey to the grave with the intention of arriving safely in a pretty and well preserved body, but rather to skid in broadside in a cloud of smoke, thoroughly used up, totally worn out, and loudly proclaiming "Wow! What a Ride!”

Picture of Logo for September is National Preparedness Month by FEMA

Robert McBride

Photo of July Person of the Month Robert McBride

Robert McBride, President of Metro Taxi Denver, is July's person of the month. It is fitting that this month is when we celebrate the anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act, as Metro Taxi and Robert McBride are great examples of the business community taking a proactive stance for inclusion of people with disabilities. To help us celebrate inclusion and independence, Metro Taxi will be providing free taxi service for the ADA Anniversary Celebration in their Accessible Cabs! Follow this link to learn more about how to request service, limitations and deadline for requests –

 Metro Taxi was the first service in the greater Denver area to provide wheelchair accessible taxis. Robert, whom brought Metro Taxi to Denver in 1985, prides his business on their commitment to the environment and community. Well before bringing the business out to Denver, Robert had visions of accessible taxis. He recalls working with a community in New York, mentoring, and speaking to underserved teens where they voiced their struggles to Robert. In listening and understanding, it became clear to Robert that it was unrealistic for an individual in a wheelchair to take public ground transportation, such as a taxi into New York City. Not only did this outrage and bring light to Robert's world, he made it a promise and a goal to provide wheelchair accessible taxis, at the same running rate as all other taxis allowing for disabled individuals to have the same rights as all of his clients. 

In McBride's efforts to reach out and communicate with different populations he has made a commitment to the people exemplifying "nothing about us without us" and bridging the “Accessibility Gap.”  

As to why Metro Taxi donated it’s services for the 25th Anniversary of the ADA  Celebration , Robert stated, "Society doesn't rely on the important things and events like this are important." He believes events like this bring about compassion and education which everyone needs. He also believes that the event will educate himself and his Metro staff and allow his business more opportunity to be the best in customer service for everyone! 

One thing that Robert and Metro Taxi staff would like to see more of is businesses abiding by accessibility through inclusion. Although government officials are not required to monitor such accessibility, Metro hopes company's move forward as he has, recognizing the greater population and finding ways to serve everyone. As a for-profit company recognizing the greater community is very important. Metro strives themselves on their diversified staff and resources and hope to service everyone to the best of their ability. 

In the upcoming months look forward to more accessible ways of communication and transportation from Metro as they are working on a new App. This application will allow any client to push a single button which notifies the taxi company to come to that location with an accessible taxi. This breaks down vocal barriers set by staff and client and allows for easy-one-touch communication. We thank Robert and Metro Taxi for their demonstrated commitment to People With Disabilities and the spirit and intent of the ADA!

 Photo of some of the Cool People that work at Metro Taxi!



Melanie Morel Hamman

Picture of Melanie Morel Hamman

This month as we celebrate Effective Communication Month, Melanie Morel Hamman, the Adaptive Technology Specialist from Metro State University of Denver looks to helping individual’s access course material in an accessible adaptive manner. Melanie has been in this field for over five years serving students and faculty at the university level; teaching them to navigate and communicate effectively. More about Melanie’s job; not only does she ensure students have accessible course material but she also hosts trainings on adaptive technology and is involved throughout campus advocating for accessibility.

Before Melanie found her passion at the university level she was a behavioral disorder teacher as well she has always been very technologically savvy. With the recent surge in technology she saw it as a tool to help “even the playing field” between students. She recognizes that everyone has challenges, it is finding the tools to succeed that make the difference.  At the kindergarten through high school level, technology use is limited and lacking knowledge but once students are at the college level she feels it is her job to educate and help students. She put an emphasis on the college level because professors are not adapting the material which you might see when a student is younger; here it is up to the student to access the material accordingly and find a way of understanding it.

Because of her assistive technology expertise she has been able to help students in the classroom but she does not want to only put an emphasis on the students whom “need” assistance but share her knowledge to anyone at Metro State University. This way the stigma behind the disabled population is terminated. For example, she helped bring accessible computers to the whole university instead of the accessible computers being segregated in specific room for those students who needed the adaption. Not only does this allow for full inclusion at the university but it also allows any student to communicate regardless where on campus they are.

If these things haven’t made Melanie special enough to our community she has also been helping make the upcoming 25th Anniversary ADA Celebration more accessible. With her use of technology, she has been able to make a tactile map for individuals whom may have difficulty viewing the print maps. She has also been encouraging her students and staff to attend the event in July as she feels it will bring education and inclusion to her colleagues.

For Melanie ADA means “giving her backing”. She recognizes disability rights as civil rights and a moral responsibility to be accessible however with the American with Disabilities Act she can use it as a buffer recognizing the law when pushing for more inclusive, accessible resources. As for her immediate administrative group she could not be more proud because she feels they also get the moral responsibility to be inclusive and accessible however if she needs to touch on ADA when advocating for accessibility she is glad the law is there to support her. Metro University is a forerunner for inclusion and truly caters to the needs of any student which we can attribute some of that success to Melanie. We thank Melanie for her dedication to assistive technology as she has been the resource for many students trying to communicate effectively at the college level. We hope to see Melanie and the Metro University community July 25th for the 25th anniversary celebration of ADA at Civic Center Park. (For more information on the 25th anniversary event please click here

Daryl Williams

Picture of April Person of the Month Daryl Williams

By Jerry Frangas

In April, CCDC celebrates Health Equity Month. We use this focus to encourage everyone to look at health disparities related to race/ethnicity, income or geographical location and to work with us to find solutions. We at CCDC believe that someone should not be denied access to essential health care because of the community they live in, who they are, or because of their income. Our person of the month, Daryl Williams, provides a great example of how we can all do something to promote health equity.

I went to interview Daryl at his place of employment,PASCO Home Health. He runs a very busy front desk for the organization, answering questions when clients call, following up with service needs, and helping staff and visitors. Daryl is a quadriplegic, and he is able to keep everything running through a combination blue tooth & wheel chair control that enables him to answer calls and transfer people. Daryl’s assistive technology device was purchased from NuMotion.

Daryl works hard and has the rewards to prove it. He just bought an accessible van that he can drive, and he lives in a condominium that he owns. Daryl first came to Colorado from Memphis, Tennessee looking for a community where he would have his health care needs addressed so that he could achieve and maintain independence. When Darryl became disabled, both he and his mother were not given proper information on issues like pressure sores and proper equipment needed for his health and independence. He was told by friends, family, Doctors and physical therapists that his life was basically over as a quadriplegic. 

Daryl was able to come to Colorado with the help of Barry Rosenberg, the former Director and founder of PASCO, and a program that was operated out of the Memphis Center for Independent Living called “The Underground Railroad” which helped people to move to communities that had better funding and support for people with disabilities seeking to live independently. When Daryl came here, he volunteered at PASCO and eventually went to work for them initially doing Office Management and Property Management. He also did some marketing and sought to help people seeking services so that they could transition out of nursing homes. In addition, Daryl worked for the community by serving on nonprofit boards like Chanda Plan and the CDASS Board when it first started.           

Daryl says that the most important thing for addressing independence is to provide good information on using and coordinating programs. When Daryl first came to Colorado he spent over three years learning about programs. He now feels a moral obligation to get information out regarding available support services so that other people with disabilities can work, drive, have a job and a relationship. According to Daryl, “I was able to obtain something through technology and by staying healthy.” Daryl even helps future healthcare professionals working with Tracey Price-Johnson at JFK Partners to educate future physical therapists on how to work with people with disabilities. Daryl does presentations to students and others at Craig and Regis University. Daryl’s efforts exemplify what we all can do on an individual basis to address health equity – let people know what they can do to access existing care. Daryl efforts also help on a broader scale by educating the community on the issues and health care needs of people with disabilities.   

CCDC thanks Daryl for his hard work and PASCO, (a sponsor and supporter of CCDC) for giving him a chance to prove himself. #healthequityTCT.



Dale Buterbaugh

Photo of Dale Buterbaugh CCDC March Person of the Month

In March at CCDC, we celebrate “Nothing About Us Without Us” month. We also celebrate the Anniversary of the Gaulladet University Protest "Deaf President Now." Gaulladet is currently hiring a new President and we are hoping that they continue their fine tradition of inclusion spawned by people with disabilities seeking to have "Nothing About Us, Without Us!" 

Our Person of the Month is Dale Buterbaugh. He is just beginning to find that kind of voice. Such outspokenness did not come easily. Dale was born with normal hearing, as far as his parents knew. By the age of six, his parents noticed that once he turned his back and went down the hall, he would not respond to their calls. By then, he was already intuitively learning to lip read. He is grateful that he had learned to speak before losing too much hearing, but even so he had years of speech therapy for those high frequency sounds, especially ‘s’ and ‘r’.  Now he is completely deaf without his hearing aids: all he can discern of human conversation is a tone.

Deafness is a hidden disability, yet it can be profoundly incapacitating in ways that most of us are unaware of.  Think of all the jobs that require phone contact, or interaction with customers.  The lack of anything visible, put together with Dale’s innate ability to glean information from watching and lip-reading has led many, many people to believe he could understand and do more than he could.  There was the time a social worker refused to call for an interpreter when discussing complex benefits issues because she assumed he understood how his disability income and his food stamps interact with his employment and everything else.  Yet there were no facial expressions or other physical cues to indicate which part of the tangle she was talking about. She was actually jumping back and forth, as we all do in casual conversation, and it turns out there was an old transaction that was still showing up in the record—something she only investigated because there was an advocate present.

In spite of the obstacles, Dale started out with the enthusiasm of youth to pursue his dreams of achieving greatness—or at least happiness.  He took classes at Pueblo Community College, Pikes Peak Community College, and what is now the University of Colorado at Pueblo in the subject of his first love—computer technology.  He wasn’t interested in writing software, or programming, which is what most of the classes were about.  He wanted to know about hardware-- how to build computers from the bottom up.  He became knowledgeable about a lot of things—his first professor in programming deferred to his judgment-- but failed a lot, too, because of poor interpreting.  He was even asked to interview interpreters and then was given the one he rated as worst.

Not to be defeated, he got a job at Radio Shack in Colorado Springs.  Management knew he was hard of hearing and agreed that when he answered the phone, he should say, “Please hold while I find a representative to talk to you,” and then he would hand the phone to someone else.  He was best at dealing with customers one on one when everyone else was busy.  If he could figure out what they wanted, he always sent them away happy. Then he was transferred to a store that suddenly had no position open. Determined to hang on to something that had worked, he tried again later and was placed as a stock clerk.  He was laid off after Christmas.  Without the ability to answer the phone, he was relegated to back rooms and physical labor.

It was time to accept his deafness.  His record says he is profoundly deaf.  After he started receiving disability payments, he somehow ended up in a program that required participants to get a job.  The caseworker insisted that he  find a job or lose benefits he needed.  Dale did not know that because he had a disability he was exempt from this requirement.  Neither did the social worker, and it’s one of the few times Dale didn’t ask someone for help, especially since the consequences were so devastating.

Desperate to get a job, any job he could find, he accepted work with a dry-walling company.  He was paid below minimum wage under a provision in the labor laws pertaining to people who underperform because of their disabilities. It’s the same law sheltered workshops use.  He was mocked by his co-workers, who would play tricks on him behind his back, and abused by his employer, who insisted he wear his hearing aids even though Dale explained the dust would ruin them. They were expensive and he was not able to replace them.  One day, knowing he had no transportation, his employer told him he was tired of hearing his complaints and left him at the work site in Penrose, about thirty five miles from Pueblo.  He walked home.    It was obvious he had to file for benefits again, but having attempted work, it was harder to convince SSA that he could not work.  His medical records were out of date and he had to go to a Social Security doctor. He prevailed and his life slowly stabilized.

Up until that time, Dale had been at the mercy of so many forces he could not control, or even confront: family that would and then again would not understand, employers who abused him, bad interpreters, and vindictive co-workers.  Yet today he is a leader, profiled in the Pueblo Chieftain.  So what turned him around?  His first service dog.

At the time, the public in Pueblo was not well educated about service dogs. Even Seeing Eye dogs were not that common. Businesses would not allow the dog into the store. Dale knew the ADA required it, so he got copies of the laws, read them until he knew them back and forth, and carried copies with him.  The Deaf Specialist at the Center for Disabilities began calling on him for questions about service dogs. Now it’s better. People know about service dogs, but they don’t know that it’s illegal to ask about certification. Dale carries it anyway because it makes life easier. Once he breaks the ice, he can start a conversation and educate management.

Advocating for his dog made him start thinking about other people, what their lives were like and how he might be able to help them.  He became a member of the Pueblo and PACOG ADA Advisory Committee and has regularly challenged both local hospitals on their policies for Video Remote Interpreting. When he was invited to come to an annual meeting with CCDC, he was more than willing and participated aggressively.

This debut into activism was the culmination of more than fifteen years of experience, but it wasn’t a surprise to him.  When he lived in Colorado Springs, he had the example of Mitchell Clay, the deaf Specialist at the Colorado Springs Independence Center, who went on many ADAPT actions.  Then there was Josephine Kasic, the deaf specialist at the Center for Disabilities for most of Dale’s life. She was always helping people get the things they need or teaching them how to use the various systems they depended on. There were also several members of CCDC who interceded on his behalf many times, and more recently, the Commission for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing, which both educated him and advocated for his community.  It was time. “We are all one,” Dale says. “We have to help each other.”

He became president of Deaf Gathering, a local support group organized by and for people who are deaf, or hard of hearing, and their friends and family.  Interpreters donate their time.  It started as an affiliate group of CCDC when a local agency that provided interpreters temporarily closed their doors.  Dale has high expectations of the group. “Knowledge is power,” he says—and it works both ways. He wants to work on the relationship between the deaf community and the police.  But people who are deaf need to learn the ways of the police as much as police need to know how to recognize when someone is deaf. “Keep your hands in plain sight,” he explains, before reaching for anything—pencil and paper, or ID—that will identify someone as deaf until you have made eye contact. Stay calm. Be realistic about asking for an interpreter. The law simply does not require it every time you might want it. Reserve that request for times when it’s critical to understand content and recognize how long it will take for one to come when it is necessary.

Dale has a blog called “Deaf World Bridge,” and a challenge for CCDC: Get your advocacy training program on the Internet.

Dale has a blog

His history illustrates one of the basic principles of community organizing promoted by Wade Blank.  When he saw potential in someone, he took every opportunity to stoke the coals, even if it took years for the flame to kindle.  You have to be ready within yourself and no one else knows when that might be.  He never gave up on anyone.

Charlene and Briana Willey

Photo of Briana and Charlene Willey

February at CCDC is Systems Advocacy Month. During the month, we celebrate victories that have occurred as a result of taking individual issues that our clients deal with and using them to promote systemic change. In many cases, these situations result in the client engaging, taking the CCDC Advocacy Training that we do in partnership with the University of Denver University College and then engaging in advocacy themselves. They become champions for themselves and others. In this spirit, we have chosen our February People of the Month, Charlene and Briana Willey. This is their story.

Charlene, who grew up in Wheat Ridge Colorado, is a mother of two grown children and a grandmother of three. Her professional experience is in marketing, most recently serving as a Marketing Director for a regional accounting firm. She holds a Master in Management degree from Regis University. Charlene lost her husband, Jim, to cancer in 2008. He had worked at the Rocky Flats plant and his cancer was caused by the exposure to radiation and toxic substances while employed there. Because he had also suffered from autoimmune disorders that began a few years after his employment, Charlene and her family are convinced that his illness, as well as the disabilities that Briana has had since birth, are the result of genetic damage caused by these occupational exposures.

Jim was a devoted family man who took a great deal of interest in their children. Briana’s Dad was very devoted to her independence and he worked very hard to get her ready for adulthood. Charlene recalled fondly how her husband taught Briana how to ride a bike, pushing her to her to do just a little bit more each day. One day, in spite of protests against practicing from Briana, he raised the training wheels to the point where they were useless and set Briana off screaming down the street. Her protests quickly changed to cries of joy when she realized she was riding on her own! Charlene and her husband shared this philosophy in child rearing -- give children the supports they need, but not more then they need. This applied to both their disabled and non-disabled child -- the focus was raising them to be able to be on their own and to live their own life.

After her husband’s death, Charlene continued their parenting plan with Briana, moving her to a modified host home. Briana initially did well, but multiple staff changes made life difficult there. Briana responded to Charlene’s challenge to live on her own. Charlene purchased a townhome in Broomfield and in December of 2012, Briana took up residence in her own home. With adequate supports, Briana made a successful transition to independence. She has help from an agency that provides assistance with shopping and cooking, a job coach and, of course, the continued support and companionship provided by her loving family.

Briana receives services on the Developmental Disability (DD) waiver. Like most people who qualify for this waiver, Briana was on a wait list for many years before she became eligible. When she finally qualified, she received Supported Living Services (SLS), a limited service allocation designed primarily for people who remain in the family home. Service level allocations are determined by the SIS, a tool that quantifies an individual’s needs into a range of “severity levels.” This became a significant problem when Briana’s health condition changed and Charlene sought more supports for her daughter.

Charlene first came into contact with CCDC through CCDC Executive Director Julie Reiskin after being referred to us by her good friend, disability rights activist Mary Glatz.  Charlene started by calling CCDC to ask a couple of questions. The connection grew when Charlene and Briana had an incident involving the safety of Briana. As a result of this incident, both Mary and Charlene worked with a task force from the Broomfield Police Department. Mary encouraged Charlene to sign up for the CCDC Advocacy Class.

Through the CCDC Alerts List (which goes out to almost 1,000 people in Colorado who have signed up for it), Charlene found out about the Long Term Care Assessment Advisory Stakeholder Group, consisting of State Government Officials and community members established to advise on the development of a new instrument/form to better evaluate service needs and set up a service plan. Over a period of months as she worked with this group, she brought forward her concerns. She and Julie were able to have Briana’s service level reviewed and some beneficial changes were made for her daughter. Charlene was grateful and saddened at the same time because she wonders, “what happens to all the other families who have similar problems? This is a systems issue and deserves to be dealt with on that level.”

Along with Julie and CCDC Non-Attorney Advocate Jose Torres-Vega, Charlene continues to advocate for a comprehensive person-centered evaluation process that uncovers the needs of all those who access services through the waiver system. Many challenges remain as the Stakeholder group works to resolve myriad issues associated with this fundamental process.

Charlene expressed a lot of gratitude for her involvement with CCDC. She remembers how as a parent of a young child with a disability, she always felt on the “outside” when she approached the medical community, the school, or even her church, with her daughter. Both she and Jim perceived ambivalence toward people with disabilities and some institutions, especially the school system, discouraged their efforts to enable their daughter to have an independent and fulfilling life. Most seemed like a rigged process that had little concern for outcomes, quality of life or the basic humanity of the families involved. But where the system had failed, Briana’s family and the community have stepped in. Briana discovered she could be accepted and embraced by the community despite her disabilities. King Soopers worked with her on her job, Briana became a member of the Broomfield Masters Swim Team and she enjoys full membership in the neighborhood where she lives. Unfortunately, many of the public systems designed to provide essential health care and support services played a small role in making this happen. This is what CCDC is there for, to help the community to make systems work fairly and effectively for everyone. We are grateful that Charlene and Briana have, and continue to be so strong in their efforts to secure independence – not just for themselves but for everyone in similar circumstances.  

Karina Vargas

Photo of CCDC December Person of the Month Karina Vargas and her brother Danny.

Photo of Karina Vargas and her brother Danny donated by Anthony Camera


Story By Jerry Frangas


In December, CCDC celebrates Universal Human Rights Month. We believe that access to essential health care should not be denied and that it is an essential human right. We also believe that victims of a crime should have access to the care, services, therapy and support they need regardless of where they are or what their status may be – rich, poor, or undocumented. Because of our health care focus in advocacy, we have chosen an exceptional self-advocate to be our person of the month and recently joining CCDC Member, Karina Vargas. Karina is a young woman who recently received our ADA Access Award, along with her attorney Joy Athanasiou for their advocacy for Karina’s rights. Karina was a student at Aurora Central High School when she was shot and paralyzed in a drive-by shooting. Karina was given essential surgery to survive, but she has since been fighting to meet basic health care needs. As a victim of a crime, Karina, through Joy’s help, obtained a U-Visa which allows her temporary status in the United States. It does not allow for Medicaid, which would provide home health care and additional services. In working with the Chanda Plan Foundation, she has been able to obtain other wellness services that are not covered by Medicaid, but are essential to her health and well-being.  The Chanda Plan Foundation provides her with acupuncture, massage, adaptive yoga and covered one year’s worth of adaptive exercise in 2014 at the SCI Recovery Project. In 2015, Karina is able to obtain another years worth of adaptive exercise through support from the SCI Recovery Project.


Karina is working with CCDC to obtain essential health care, home modifications and mutual support from the disability community. Like most young people, Karina would like the independence of driving. Her family squeezes her and everyone into the family car and transitioning is very difficult.  She is looking forward to the freedom in access that an electric wheelchair CCDC member Pam Carter is giving her will provide. She is also looking forward to being able to live her life like all other young people do.  


In spite of the hardships that Karina has faced, she has been a strong advocate against violence and has testified at the State Capitol and in Washington D.C. Karina wants to continue her advocacy with a focus on access to health care and for the rights of both victims of crime and immigrants in America. We are proud to have Karina as a member of CCDC, she is learning from her experiences and she hopes to use her experiences to educate others about issues that should be considered. 

Dave Henninger -- October Person of the Month!

Photo of Dave Henninger, Executive Director of Bayaud Enterprises.

October Person of the Month David Henninger

As you may know, October is Disability Employment Awareness Month. CCDC is very focused on fighting for more employment opportunities for People With Disabilities and is very fortunate to have several Board Members who run businesses that consider this to be part of their mission. For October’s Person of the Month, we chose one of those who have a life-long demonstrated devotion to inclusion and equal opportunity for people with disabilities – Bayaud Enterprises Executive Director David Henninger.

David’s advocacy efforts began in 1967 when he graduated from college and took a job at Fort Logan as an Industrial Therapist. His job was to help people with mental health issues to secure employment. During his efforts to secure employment, he frequently encountered businesses not wanting to hire what they referred to as “those people.” David decided something substantial needed to be done to fight stigma and so he worked with Fort Logan to secure funding from Colorado to hire a person, and they rented a building at Bayaud and Cherokee in Denver to help prepare people who were considered unemployable for the workforce. At the same time, he toured Fountain House in New York and was very impressed by the empowerment associated with the Clubhouse model of mental health care. He took what he learned from this model and sought to incorporate it into a work development program. The initial contracts they secured for their members were for entry level jobs that businesses had a hard time filling. In 1972, they expanded into manufacturing and began making parts for a company called Jet-X which produced hose products utilized for washing cars at home.

Based on these successful endeavors, they began to link with several area mental health centers, which at the time did not have any work training programs. Bayaud went on to get several important work contracts with the Veteran’s Administration Hospital in several areas including running the hospital switchboard, patient escort service, mailroom and copy center operations and all employees are paid the standard wages based on the Department of Labor wage surveys for the job positions along with an additional health/welfare benefit and shift differential pay. Bayaud also secured more contracts with federal employers including jobs at the EPA, US Geological Survey, the IRS, Federal Department of Highways, National Institute of Standards and Technology, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency, the Army Space Command Center in Colorado Springs and the VA clinic also in Colorado Springs.

Ten years ago, Bayaud also expanded services to include “unhoused” populations as part of their service population. Bayaud now provides a multifaceted approach to addressing employment needs. Besides providing vocational training with other companies and various government service providers, they have an on-site secure document shredding social enterprise with over 4200 businesses customers from Colorado Springs to Wyoming, and are directing training to provide upward mobility through a variety of computer certifications in preparation for IT Help Desk and Call Center jobs. Bayaud also has a partnership with 15 downtown hotels to create employment options in the hospitality industry.

As if this wasn’t enough, Bayaud also offers a certified Toastmasters Club that creates a format for individuals to expand their confidence/skill level in public speaking.

In 2013, Bayaud served more than 1,200 individuals, which includes competitive job placement for more than 450 people.

Over the past 6 years Bayaud has expanded into providing Resource Navigation services that includes 3 Certified Health Benefits Navigators, who provide assistance with SSI and SSDI. In addition, there are 4 additional “navigators” who assist individuals in the search for housing, food and transportation, employment and other needed support services. They help people with the “Ticket to Work Program” whether it involves getting on the program or getting back on benefits if things don’t work out.

According to David, Bayaud’s philosophy is that housing and employment are the “hub” of a wheel and that services that support a person in housing and employment are the “spokes” that help individuals retain their living and work independence. David indicated that without employment, you can’t enjoy all aspects of life and that it has a significant impact on one’s sense of pride and well-being. CCDC agrees and hopes that David and Bayaud keep moving forward towards full inclusion and increasing the opportunities to provide a fair chance for everyone!


Gabi Frangas

Photo of Gabi Frangas CCDC's September Person of the Month

At CCDC, September is Education Month. Education can be a great equalizer for all people, and it should be inclusive and accessible for all. Our person of the month is a person with a disability who is pursuing her education at Colorado State University.   

CCDC’s September Person of the Month, Gabi Frangas, is almost 20 years old and just started her sophomore year at Colorado State University in Fort Collins. She is a Biology Major!   She says that while she has struggled a bit with math and science, she is going to plow through it because she sees biology as the best way to meet her long term goal of becoming a nurse. She wants to be a nurse because she loves helping others, and has seen wonderful role models in her mother’s family. She believes that nursing will allow her to use her strengths to ease pain and suffering.

While Gabi looks forward to a rewarding career she loves college.  She had a great freshman year and was grateful to have been able to live in the dormitory. Being with others of the same age helped her make the big transition from living at home to living on her own.   She admits to being really nervous before starting college.  She considered taking a year off between high school and college.  She is now very glad that her parents encouraged her to enroll in college immediately after high school. She said it helped that they left the ultimate decision up to her, as a young adult, but that they made it clear that they felt that college was the right choice. Academically, college is more difficult than high school. There is more work and it is much more complex. She enjoys having additional responsibilities as a young adult.

For twelve years, Gabi has had a responsibility that is not typical for all kids, which is managing a hidden disability (Obsessive compulsive disorder or OCD).  While she was formally diagnosed at age 12, she had symptoms much younger that were regarded by her and others as “quirky”. When she was first diagnosed during a short stay at the hospital, she just did not want to be different. She had just started Middle School, an anxiety producing experience for anyone, when she became ill enough to be taken to the hospital.   She felt angry and betrayed that she was taken to the hospital, and wanted to deny that she had a diagnosis – especially one that would be with her forever. She did not want to be different.  She dealt with her frustration by making what she now calls “ridiculous demands” such as asking to have her pet hamster accompany her to the hospital and now laughs that the hamster was promptly booted out.  

She was able to leave the hospital after a short stay, as it was obvious to staff that she had strong family support. So after a diagnosis and getting started on medications she resumed her life. Throughout Middle School she continued to hide her disability, not discussing it with friends, keeping it a secret and wanting desperately for it not to be. She still felt different is bad.  Overcoming her shame about disability was a process—there was no defining event. Gabi says that as long as she was trying to be someone she was not and seeing her disability or difference as a negative she was unable to deal with it productively. When she denied that part of herself, she would fall back into negative patterns or actions. As she grew up, entered High School, and developed deeper friendships she began to disclose to her friends that she lived with OCD. She also saw that some of her friends had their own secrets and struggles and that helped her feel less different and certainly less alone. Gaining support of peers was extremely important.  Gabi said that she knew she would always have love and support from her family but needed to know she had support from others. The process of sharing with friends in High School and their supportive reactions was very healing. As she was able to embrace her disability as a part of who she is as a person, she became more able to integrate that into her personality and use the characteristics of her disability as an advantage.  For example she is able to be super organized—an advantage that could only help any college student.  As she looks towards a career in nursing, she knows that attention to details and a need to check things over could be essential to the safety and well being of her future patients.   Gabi also learned over the years that trying to be someone she is not is simply exhausting and that having animosity towards oneself for being different makes problems “1000%” worse.

In addition to becoming a nurse, Gabi would like to do some traveling. She would like to visit Colombia, the home country of her roommate and close friend as well as Greece—to learn some more about her own Greek heritage.  She would also like to visit Mexico, another part of her heritage.

Gabi is a true Coloradoan and loves the outdoors, especially hiking. She also loves to bake and is very excited about a new volunteer opportunity she has this semester at school.  She has enrolled to be a volunteer crisis counselor with the campus Victim Assistance Team (VAT).  This is a service available to anyone in the community but run by a campus program. The VAT is part of a broader holistic service to help people with a variety of issues. Gabi learned about this during her freshman orientation and was drawn to be part this team of students helping peers and community at large. On top of all her other responsibilities, Gabi has a job to help pay for her college expenses.  

Gabi was surprised and disappointed to learn that fewer than 20% of students with disabilities are going to college.  She said she realizes it is a difficult step to that as there is not the safety net there is of living at home with family. Nevertheless, she encourages students to take that leap and hopes that parents are being told about all available resources. She says that it is important to help students with disabilities move forward in their lives so they can make their own way in the world—she understands the desire to be protective but says that will limit the possibilities as their children grow older

Gabi still struggles at times despite having overcome her desire to not be different.  She is grateful that she was diagnosed as a young child and was able to get that adjustment to living with a diagnosed disability over with –but knows living with her disability is a lifetime of work. She knows that as a professional she will have a unique perspective because of her personal experiences. When she is working in a hospital some day as a nurse and a kid comes in demanding to have a pet hamster (or ferret, or iguana) admitted, she may not be able to admit the beloved pet but she will be able to empathize and know that to that child it is not a ridiculous demand but a request for something familiar in a new and very scary situation. It is that empathy combined with the wisdom borne of experience that will make her rise above the crowd in all she does with her life.

Those of us who have been around a long time (aka older people) sometimes wonder if our next generation will be able to carry the torch. If Gabi is any indication then we will be just fine.  

Photo of Gabi Frangas Photo of Gabi Frangas







Pups of the Month --- Hershey and Sam!

Photo of Hershey, a service dog.

Photo of Sam and his human Tom Photo of Sam and his human Tom.

Sunday, August 3rd  is the start of International Assistance Dog Week and CCDC celebrates “Dog Days” in August. What does this mean? Well we honor those animals that serve people with disabilities and facilitate access and independence through their work. In this spirit, we honor the dogs of two CCDC members – Hershey and Sam. Although they are not people, still want to honor them as Pups of the Month!

Sam is a Boston Terrier and he is almost 5 years old. His human is Tom.

Where did you first meet?

I bought Sam from a breeder when he was a puppy.

How was he trained?

He went to ten private one on one classes for basic obedience. I train him on other things.

How does Sam help you?

He calms me down and makes me less anxious. I have bad anxiety and Sam really helps with it.

What else does Sam do?

He likes to play tug of war and to get treats.




Photo of Hershey pushing an Access Button for his human Joe. Photo of Hershey pushing an Access Button for Joe.

Hershey is a 4 1/2 year old Border Collie/Chocolate Lab mix. Her human is Joe.

Where did you first meet?

I bought Hershey off of Craigslist in Grand Junction. She looked like a dog I had just put down. Her previous human was a college student who moved into a place that did not take pets. She was 14 months old when she first met Joe

How was she trained?

When I got her the only command she knew was get out of the kitchen. With the help of a dog training school, I trained her myself. We went three Sundays a month for lessons and lots of homework in between. Learning never stops. We are continuing our education through Domino Service Dogs.

What can she do?

She can open and close doors, pick up what I need and even pull off my socks. She does whatever I train her to do.

What else does Hershey like to do?

She has been taught to not chase squirrels, cats, ducks and geese, but a good rabbit chase is hard to resist even though her leash prevents any possibility of her catching one.  Barking and herding are the two hardest behaviors to break because centuries of genetics have been bred into that border collie behavior.

What did she try to herd?


Me! She tries to make me go where she wants to go!

Andrew Montoya

Photo of Andrew Montoya, CCDC Person of the Month

In 2012, the CCDC Legal Program doubled the size of our attorney pool—when we added Andrew Montoya as our staff attorney we went from one to two attorneys on staff.  Andrew has been a terrific addition to CCDC as an attorney, his easy going style complimenting that of our Legal Program Director Kevin Williams.  “Andrew is a first rate attorney with fantastic writing and analytical skills” says Kevin Williams.    Andrew was an easy choice to hire for our staff attorney position because we knew Andrew.  He was our legal program assistant from 2005 to 2007.  He left us to go to law school and came back in 2010.  After he passed the Colorado Bar, he worked for us after being selected for a fellowship called the Multicultural Corporate Counsel Association/Lexis Nexus Martindale-Hubble 3L Fellowship.  (Lawyers are really into having things with REALLY long names).


Andrew determined that he wanted to be an attorney at the ripe old age of 5.  Even at that age, he saw injustices in the world and knew that someone that knew what he (or she) was doing needed to just be there to stand up to offenders.    He had a sense at a very young age that becoming a lawyer would enable him to be that person.  Andrew grew up in a strong matriarchal family that has deep roots in Northeast Denver.  As a child he would see people mistreated by landlords, employers, police and others in power and saw that people in his community did not have access to justice.  “Getting a lawyer was unheard of where I grew up” Andrew recalls and remembers always knowing that this was wrong and something that must change. 

I did not know until I did this interview that Andrew did not have formal experience with disability before coming to CCDC.  I was surprised because he has always “gotten it” about disability.  However, disability rights as a civil rights issue fits into Andrews overall world view about social justice.   While earning a Bachelor’s in Political Science at Colorado State University in Pueblo, Andrew worked as a legal assistant.  Following graduation, he moved to back to Denver and saw an ad from CCDC.   He checked out the organization and immediately felt it would be a good fit.  He came for an interview and Kevin Williams and Carrie Lucas (who used to work for CCDC before starting her own organization focusing on family law) also saw the natural fit between Andrew and CCDC.    Lack of formal experience does not mean lack of experience at all.  Andrew recalled that growing up the lack of access for his grandmother, who was a key figure in his life and someone who used a wheelchair, was a constant irritant.  He remembers always having to map out routes where a McDonald’s restaurant was before knowing if his grandmother would be able to join him anywhere, because they would usually have an accessible restroom. 

When Andrew left CCDC to attend law school full-time, he was sure he wanted to do social justice, but not yet sure if his professional focus would be disability.  It was his experience at law school that sold him on disability rights.   He was astounded at the lack of inclusion of disability rights awareness in law school.  He recalls discussing a case in a class on employment discrimination where a woman with a disability sued her employer because it built an inaccessible break room.  The professor, a plaintiff’s lawyer, spoke against the plaintiff in the case—against the woman with the disability despite facts that pointed to illegal discrimination.  Andrew of course spoke up, and convinced the professor of the violation.  This is just one example that led Andrew to choose disability related topics any time he had a research or writing assignment.    During his time in law school the Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act (ADAAA) passed.  That should have been a topic of great discussion for our next generation of lawyers and legal scholars.  Why was it needed?   What court decisions prompted Congress to act?   How would this impact the application of the law?   Yet, he heard nothing but his own voice.  

Being an attorney for the CCDC Legal Program is not Andrew’s only job.  He is the proud father of three wonderful daughters, Audrey, Katrina and Scarlett.  Scarlett arrived in this world only a few months ago.  Audrey came into the world while Andrew was in Law School.    He and his wife Nikki (who is a photographer) love being parents and enjoy their daughters immensely.   Like many younger professionals a work/life balance is important to them and they both work at home.  The flexibility to be able to attend to his children while still getting his work done  allows for this important balance.    Andrew enjoys being part of the day to day care his children need, and loves being able to take a break from writing a brief to read a story or change a diaper or just answer a question.    He loves watching his young daughters develop their unique sense of humor and own personalities.  He hopes that they will grow up in a world with an increasing sense of justice and equality.    It is his dream that true equality for all people becomes ingrained in the character of our nation, so it no longer is a constant fight.  

Picture of Andrew's Daughter

When asked what sort of growth he sees for the Legal Program and himself professionally, he says he would love to see the program grow to a point where we could take more cases to address more of the immediate concerns of our members…even when the case was not going to be impact litigation.   He would like us to have the staff and resources to take all cases with legal merit.  Currently the legal program turns away most cases due to lack of staff and resources.  With only two attorneys and one legal assistant, CCDC has to carefully choose which cases we can take.   We generally focus on what is called impact litigation, whether through class action, use of organizational plaintiffs or otherwise.  Being able to address the daily injustices that people with disabilities face would be satisfying to Andrew, and would be a way to providing that justice that he saw denied as a young child to those who are still being wronged.   We know that CCDC members would also love for our program to be able to take more cases.  He recently settled a case for a CCDC client that brought about that sense of justice.   Having an attorney with the skill level and dedication of Andrew gives me confidence that we will be able to meet the important goal of serving more clients.


CCDC is honored to have Andrew as an important member of our team.   

Donna Sablan

Photo of Donna Sablan

CCDC is happy to introduce our own Individual Advocacy Coordinator, Donna Sablan, as our person of the month for June, which is Effective Communication month.   Donna has been with CCDC in various capacities for about ten years.   She has been a client of our advocacy program, an advocate, a lead advocate, a Board member, and now is on staff as our Individual Advocacy Coordinator.     Donna got interested in effective communication after she became aware of her own need for effective communication.     Donna has three disabilities that affect her ability to communicate.   She has vocal cord dysfunction, meaning she has days when her voice barely reaches a whisper.  She has had a rare eye condition called an orbital tumor that has affected her vision.  She can see, but she needs print to be large on many days.     She also had a rare congenital heart condition that did not manifest until she moved to the high altitude of Colorado.  Because it took a decade to diagnose her, she lived with small strokes during this time that caused increasing amounts of brain damage.   That caused her third area of need for effective communication which was in writing.     Donna says she was becoming increasingly frustrated, and it took getting assessments in rehab after her heart surgery to correct the defect that was causing her strokes for her to understand that she actually had a deficit and that people did not understand her written communication.    

It was the awareness of her disability that helped her address her frustration.  With the knowledge of what was a deficit, she could then determine if she could develop a compensatory technique.  If not, then she knows that she needs to ask for a reasonable accommodation.    In addition to issues with writing, she experiences other issues typical for people with brain injuries, such as difficulty with organization, or completing tasks that require multiple steps.   One example of an accommodation that Donna needs to do her job is that she is often unable to use encrypted email.    The accommodation she needs is that organizations that use encrypted email need to send her regular messages.  Of course CCDC clients are notified about this and sign releases anyway.   Some encryption programs will not allow the user to enlarge the screen.   Many programs require passwords that must be changed regularly—a problem for people with brain injuries.  Because these messages disappear, one has to be able to get in, cut, paste, and put the message elsewhere.  For someone that uses email as part of their organizational structure to accommodate for other disabilities, this is such a distraction that it literally doubles the time and energy it takes to complete a task and dramatically increases likelihood of error.  Many of our clients have the same problem with encrypted email.    Most agencies are quite reasonable about this and comply with this simple accommodation request given the release from our clients.

Donna explains that doing something differently does not mean you get a lesser outcome.  Donna became interested in disability rights, not due to her own conditions, but in fighting for her daughter Kimberly to receive an education.  Kim was in special education from time she started school, but she was not properly diagnosed until she was a teenager.   When Kim started kindergarten, Donna initially was unsure if Kim was struggling, because Donna did not know if it was the result of a new culture after leaving Guam, and her native Chamorro culture, to reintegrate into mainland American culture, grief over losing her father in a tragic accident, or something else.   

Donna had plenty of experience raising children, having helped raise six before Kim, step children and Kim’s older brother Ken, so she quickly figured out that Kim did not learn the same way other children learn. 

Donna and Kim struggled for several years.  At the time, Donna did not know what was wrong or why she was having more and more trouble remembering, communicating, and organizing her daughter? Self?.  She did not know she was having small strokes for years.   She just knew it did not feel right.  During this time, Kim’s disabilities required a lot of attention and help.   Donna did her best, and like many CCDC members was hurt rather than helped, from the system.    Donna had confidence in herself as a mother and refused to allow the system to shame and blame her.  She realizes now that she did make some mistakes—as we all do.  Now an adult with children of her own, Kimberly is a partner in advocacy with Donna.  Kim interned at CCDC during high school and continues to volunteer, particularly with some of our younger folks who do not trust “adults”. 

While the experiences Donna had, with the lack of medical care and harm from the mental health system are experiences she would wish on no one, she realizes she learned some incredible lessons and skills from the process.  She learned to put herself in the place of another in a way that she previously could not have even imagined.  She says she listens to people differently, looks at them differently, and can read between the lines in a way she never knew was possible.  Some of this came from being in unimaginable situations and coming out on the other side, and some came from having to retrain her brain again after her surgery.  

We discovered, almost by accident, another gift Donna has just a couple of years ago.   Donna is the most amazing job coach on the planet.  Her ability to literally put herself in the place of another person, and break down any task into manageable steps, is truly astounding.   We have found it is essential to have someone with these skills on staff to succeed as an organization that mentors and hires people with disabilities, some of whom have little or no competitive work experiences. 

Teaching and mentoring is so natural to Donna that she transformed our individual advocacy program by embedding teaching and mentoring into every component.  She is never without an intern or two.  Initially they are with her every second, then they start doing more on their own, and when ready, Donna proudly pushes them out of the nest into the next challenge, whether with CCDC or elsewhere.  Even when people graduate from our advocacy class and move on, the CCDC advocacy philosophy, practices, and ethics continue to permeate the community. 

I asked Donna if she thought that she would ever again do paid work, as she had been out of the workforce officially for more than 20 years.  Donna said that while it had been her dream to do so and that she has always felt a burning need to give back she was unsure if she could succeed.  Donna is very proud to be a taxpayer!  She said the transition from being a volunteer to a lead volunteer was tough, and the move to a paid employee was super tough, but she loves the challenges.    Social Security Work Incentives, are important -even though they also are challenging to use.   She says that she is passionate about helping people understand that times have changed, and people can and should do what they are able to do.  She uses herself as a role model to show that even if one cannot work full time, one can still contribute.  She says without effective communication and accommodations, not only from her employer, but from the other agencies with whom CCDC works, such as Medicaid, Human Services and contractors of these agencies, she is stopped dead in her tracks.   I asked her what happens when her necessary accommodations are not provided.   “Total disaster” was her response.  She admitted that when others refuse to provide her with effective communication that it brings her to tears, but that soon turns to anger and a drive to do whatever it takes to access what is her absolute right to effective communication.    Like most of us, she is infuriated when people with no understanding of her, or the ADA, try to tell her what she needs.  Too many people think effective communication is only about a sign language interpreter or Braille—it is so much more. 

Donna loves having a job where her employer will always support her need for accommodations and will work with her to help her grow her program.   Her immediate goals for the Individual Advocacy Program include continuing to mentor more graduates of the advocacy class, networking with people in similar positions at other disability organizations, and helping our advocates begin to mentor others so the number of people we can serve in the Individual Advocacy Program can increase.   She said when she started, she had a team that could manage about 60 cases at any one time, and now they are managing about 100.  She hopes by next year, at this time, they will be able to go up to 125. 

When not at work, she likes to spend time in her garden, or playing with one of her  grandchildren or  great grandchildren.   As her youngest child is nearing his 18th birthday and high school graduation, it is a time for reflection.  Donna is proud of all of her children, but enjoys that she now sometimes has some quiet time.    Entering the workforce, even part time and with a lot of supports, is exhausting.  Donna says at the end of the day, she is ready for the quiet. 

Donna has been an asset to so many people at CCDC over the years.  She is the epitome of the ethical advocate, she can be the protective mama bear (with her clients and her students) when needed, but she also knows when to let them leave the nest and fly, and rejoices in seeing them spread their wings.   CCDC is thrilled that she has chosen to be part of us, and we know the hundreds of people that benefit from our individual advocacy program share our feelings.  Thank you Donna for all you do for disability rights, and especially for pushing for compliance regarding Effective Communication.

Photo of Donna and her daughter Kim

 Photo of Donna Sablan and her daughter Kim.



Pamela Carter

Photo of Pamela Carter and her dog.

May is “Mental Health Month” and for our person of the month we feature Pamela Carter, a CCDC member who has lived successfully as a woman with a serious mental illness most of her life.   At 66 years young, she has learned a great deal about stigma, management, and the difference between good and bad treatment.  

In addition to having Bipolar One since early childhood, Pamela had a stroke at age 43 that caused her to be hemiplegic and use a wheelchair for mobility.    She had not identified as a person with a disability until after the stroke, but looking back she realizes that she has had a disability most of her life as a result of having Bipolar.

Pamela does not see having Bipolar as a negative, in fact she points out that most people with this disorder are brighter than the typical person, and also are blessed with creativity.  Pamela has always loved and excelled at writing, especially fiction.  Being a woman with a mental illness, her life experiences helped her raise a child who also had a mental illness.   Pamela says “Because I knew my Bipolar was a disease and felt no shame about it, I was able to transmit a sense of disability pride to my child, who has grown up to be an incredible successful person who has no shame about mental illness and a strong sense of personal responsibility.”   Moreover, she recalls a long period where she was hypo-manic where she was able to work, raise toddlers and attend law school, graduating third in her class.

On the negative side, she recalls a childhood where she was treated as a “bad kid” rather than someone with a treatable mental illness.    She recalls losing friends as a child and young adult, and losing more than a few teeth in schoolyard brawls due to rages.

She was able to do excellent work when in remission or in periods of hypo mania but was not able to keep it up long term.  She is sure that she was on the verge of losing her job in the law firm when she had her stroke, just five months after passing the bar exam.  Her job loss would not have been due to her work, but due to odd behavior as she was untreated during those years.     It was having the stroke that caused her to be finally diagnosed and treated.   While she was taken to doctors as a child and it was recognized that “something” was wrong, in those days no one knew that mental illness could have a childhood onset.  She had been diagnosed a few times as a young adult, but then found a therapist that saw her for six years and never diagnosed her or attempted to get her medicated.

Pamela feels fortunate to be one of the few people getting excellent mental health care in the public system.  However the road getting there was hard fought.   She says she was surprised to find that it was at Denver Health where she was finally able to obtain excellent care.   After the stroke, like most of us she ended up on Medicaid and Medicare.  She had medications managed by a primary care doctor for some time but then when menopause set in her medications stopped working.   It turns out she was never really on the right medications.  She ended up at University Hospital where she was relegated to Residents.  Pamela had her stroke based on a severe drug reaction, so she already has a body that does not react normally to medication.    She has a complicated history.  Having inexperienced providers, that changed annually was a disaster.   She was part of a study that made it worse because there was a protocol they followed that required trying various anti-psychotic medications, none of which worked and all of which caused horrific side effects.  She points out that using protocols without room for exception can be deadly for people with disabilities or complex conditions.  When it was clear that the residents were not adequately experienced, she was then assigned not to a psychiatrist but to a nurse practitioner.   She did well for a while but then encountered some major stressors at home which set off her symptoms.  In desperation, the nurse decided to take Pamela off all medication.  Obviously this landed her in a hospital after almost taking her life. 

Once in the hospital she was considered “a difficult patient” because she demanded her rights under the ADA regarding needed accommodations for her physical disability.

Pamela is a great example of how many of CCDC’s members successfully engage in self-advocacy against seemingly insurmountable and unresponsive systems. Advocating for herself and taking pride in the disability community combats stigma and helps others – especially future generations. Thanks Pamela for your tenacity and strength! You are a shining example of why CCDC celebrates Mental Health Month.  

Scott LaBarre

Photo of Scott LaBarre, CCDC April Person of the Month!

Scott LaBarre is our April person of the month as we celebrate Section 504 of the 1973 rehabilitation act.  As Scott says, 504 is important as a piece of our civil rights protection.  He says that we need to understand what came before, which included work by constitutional scholar and Founder of the National Federation of the Blind Jacobus tenBroek  who tried to get disability included in the 1964 Civil Rights Act;  and what came after, which includes both Section 508 (accessibility of electronic communication and equipment within the federal government), the ADA and more.

Scott wears many important hats.   He is the owner of his law firm, the President of the Colorado Chapter of the National Federation of the Blind,, and he is a national leader within the NFB, Most importantly, he is a husband and father.  

Scott went to college planning to go into international business.  He received a scholarship from NFB for college and emerged with a goal of going to law school.  He chose law as a career because he wanted something that would give him freedom and the ability to make an impact.  He graduated from the University of Minnesota Law School in 1993 and was fortunate to be able to work with Dr. Jernigan ( the former leader of the NFB in Baltimore for a couple years.  He then relocated to Colorado where he has made his home.    Scott is happily married to Anahit, who is also blind and originally from Armenia.  They have two wonderful happy and healthy children --Alexander age 11 and Emily age 9. 

Scott was born and raised in the Twin Cities area of Minnesota.  He became blind at age 10 and was fortunate to get the training and support he needed quickly, followed by a good education.  He learned Braille and how to use a cane quickly.  Missing however, were good blind role models, something that is very important for all of us with disabilities and something that the NFB now provides to their young very, very well. 

The National Federation of the Blind of Colorado is an organization that CCDC has long admired.  They do an amazing job of advocacy and teaching blind people to live fully and independently and empowering blind people of all ages.   The Colorado Center for the Blind,  one of three teaching centers in the country, runs a confidence camp for little kids, a program for senior citizens and programs for everyone in between.  They get results!  Their services leave blind people independently able to use public transportation, able to read, write and use technology, able to cook, use power tools and go rock climbing or do whatever it is they want to do.   I asked how the NFB has been so successful, particularly with empowerment of young people.  Scott said that the NFB has been fortunate to have some very strong leaders who not only dealt with what was in front of them but thought about the future.  In the early 80’s the federation went from giving one national scholarship  each year to offering 30.  This spawned a proliferation of more scholarships at the state level. The scholarship program was how Scott himself got involved.   This program continues to be a vehicle for many other leaders continue to emerge.  Scott said that the NFB knows that it is easier to be successful if you get training and resources early AND have a positive philosophy.   What distinguishes NFB from the hundreds of other "youth programs" and thousands of other "rehab" services is not only the empowering philosophy but showing blind people of all ages that they can achieve their goals, they can have a fulfilling life, whether that is educational pursuits, employment, raising a family or all of the above.  They demonstrate this by using blind instructors for their programs.   Blind people are the ones at the Colorado Center showing the students how to cook, how to use transit, how to use a power tool or how to research the law using screen reader technology.    This is the epitome of "nothing about us without us".  Not surprisingly when NFB started their model the traditional rehabilitation professionals strongly opposed it.  Today other programs try to mimic what NFB does and tell potential customers that they use the NFB model.

Scott uses section 504 daily in his busy law practice.  He cautions us that laws are just words on paper and do no good unless they are enforced and understood.  That is the struggle  that we are still in and it will take a long time before people realize that having a disability is not a presumably inferior lifestyle, but simply another life experience.  All of us in life must adapt to changes in life circumstances.  Disability is simply a different way of experiencing the human condition. 

 However any law is only as good as the enforcement .  We have to address compliance on so many fronts.  We bite off as much as we can legally, we work on cases that make difference and set precedent.  He reminds us that we cannot rely on litigation alone.  We must use legal strategies hand in hand in hand with legislative reform.  This includes state level work, such as reforming the Colorado Anti Discrimination ACT (CADA) (SB 14-118 this year) to making tweaks or fighting off assaults on ADA and 504.  Scott says we also must continue to do public outreach.  He says that if someone is an employer has contact with people with disabilities who are positive and get good education they will think about hiring someone with a disability. 

It is not all about other people however, Scott says that we have internal work to do in our own community.   Some of us do not have high expectations for ourselves.   We must not allow ourselves to be relegated to a second class life.   We have made a lot of progress as a disability rights movement but the worst thing we can do now is to stop.   We need to keep moving forward and continue to plow ahead when we encounter resistance. 

As mentioned, CCDC and the NFB have enjoyed a terrific working relationship over the years.  Scott wanted to be clear that NFB is open to anyone.  Their focus is on blindness but they welcome people with other disabilities.  Many people who are blind also have other disabilities as well.  Scott said that CCDC members are welcome to their meetings.  I would personally recommend anyone with an interest to ask for a tour of their school in Littleton.   It is a really cool experience.  My hope for the broader disability community is that we can create a way to empower and educate our young people, and those "join our club" as adults that uses the successful model developed by NFB.  If you want to experience true disability pride, empowerment, and engagement just show up at an NFB convention. 


CCDC continues to benefit from our relationship with Scott and NFB and we appreciate his many contributions to disability rights.  

Joelle Brouner, Colorado DVR Director

Photo of Colorado DVR Director Joelle Brouner

For "Nothing about us without us" month, CCDC is pleased to introduce Joelle Brouner.   Joelle came to Colorado from Washington State in October to take on the massive job of directing our state Division of Vocational Rehabilitation,  DVR .  This important agency is charged with running vocational rehabilitation authorized in the  Rehabilitation Act of 1973 .  They also oversee our certified  Centers for Independent Living   Within VR there are a variety of programs and services.  The main purpose of DVR is to help people with disabilities get jobs, keep jobs and maximize their employment potential.

Joelle heard about this job from a friend.  In considering the move she knew that there were "issues" with our program.  She considered the similarities between Washington and Colorado--for example the people of both states are rightfully proud of the natural beauty.   Knowing there was a robust disability community in Colorado was a strong selling point.   She has a heart for advocacy and believes strongly that being part of peer groups and engaging in disability culture is restorative.  

In Washington she ran what was the equivalent of our  State Rehab Council   but the Washington program is much bigger.  This job gave her a knowledge base of VR laws, regulations and best practices.  One of the accomplishments of which she is most proud is that under her leadership the disability community and business community developed lasting relationships.    She has a strong belief in VR as a program because she sees it as having the potential to help people transform their lives.  VR is the least known program in the disability arena.  Her goal is to bring the Colorado program to a place where DVR lives up to the spirit and promises of the Rehab Act.   When asked what means, she said it is about people with disabilities getting jobs they want, with benefits they like at a rate of pay they can live on....she says it is about turning equal opportunity into opportunity realized.

In the disability arena we often talk about "Nothing about us without us" and bemoan the fact that most people who run programs do not know what it is like to be a client, let alone know anything about disability.   Joelle lives with a disability, cerebral palsy and knows what it is like to be a VR client.   She first became a client of VR in Washington at 18.  She was college bound due to determined and supportive parents.  She did not know what to ask for nor did she understand why she was being tested.   The counselor wanted her to be a cake decorator...something not in keeping with her skills or interests and a silly choice for someone with manual dexterity issues.  She had that case closed for "failure to cooperate".   She went to college, originally had a career as a community organizer, and then decided consciously to work in government.

This is the next juncture where she lived "nothing about us without us".   She specifically chose to work in government because she believes that we can achieve more together than by ourselves.  This is not just about the disability community, but the community at large.  She takes great pride in being a government employee with a disability.  We have always been on the outside and have not had people in enough leadership roles inside the system. . She wanted to be part of a new wave of people who can make meaningful change from within.    Joelle has a lot of pride in  what DVR can be and explained the three proud traditions of DVR. 

1) Excellence in guidance and counseling.  This is the core service they offer.  When done property it helps people understand and tap into their full potential.

2) Great Society Measures of Lyndon B Johnson -following in the history of not being afraid to have a big idea and penetrate the impossible.  For most of our history fair housing and civil rights were considered impossible.   Now we need to see real employment as possible.   She likes the term “civil service” and feels genuinely honored to be able to serve her fellow Coloradoans. 

3)  The proud tradition of disability rights:  She sees the disability rights movement as essential to DVR and says it is important to understand where that fits in history of modern rehabilitation.   

Her disability pride is palpable.  She glows with excitement when talking about our history and heroes.   She was born around the time when the rehab act became law and graduated high school as the ADA was signed.   She sees how she has benefited form the legacy of advocacy and wants to build on that legacy.    She talks about how as a disability community we must never negotiate away our self-respect.   She says that we can negotiate issues and positions but not our self-respect.  She says we should never come to the table to seek approval for who are.   She feels it is imperative to model that self-respect to our younger members.

Her early "failed" case as a DVR client gives her empathy for those who say the system does not work and fills her with passion to help make it work better.  She did learn from that process however, and went back to DVR just last year to maximize her employability.  Her case was a successful closure when she got her current job--running DVR for the state of Colorado.   Therefore she is a DVR success story!   So she also knows from personal experience that it can work and has seen the benefits.  

She also believes that nothing about us without us means that we need to have the resources so that we can make choices about our lives.  Helping people maximize their talents and enter the workforce is good strategy to help our community develop more resources.   The next wave of the disability rights movement must be to get out of the deep poverty that plagues us today.   We asked for her advice for people who have the very real fear (often from direct experience) that working will cause problems such as overpayments, benefits hassles, etc.    She said that fear is something to acknowledge and respect.  She said that fear may be where you start, but  need not be where you finish.  She suggested to look at benefits planning, learn as much as you can about systems and to explore what might be new since you tried last.  She said we now have Medicaid buy in, the Affordable Care Act and other avenues that might not have been available in the past.  She reminded people to use the great advocacy we have in place if there are problems.   She urges people to get out and figure out what your work tolerance is, what accommodations you might need, and most importantly what you are good at and what you like to do.  She said that the worst outcome is to have more generations of people with disabilities languishing in poverty. 

Joelle says that the boldest statement a person can make is to say "I have talent ...I want to go to work...I am not sure how but I will make it happen."  She realizes that some people have not had good experiences with DVR and hopes that the program will earn the trust of our community based on practice and performance.   If her first six months are any indication we will not be disappointed!   The program has not been able to take new clients for a long time, and had many other problems that she inherited.    She has already addressed many problems identified in a scathing audit (problems created before her arrival) such as making sure that clients eligibility is processed timely and that counselors communicate regularly with clients.    Because of her amazing work clients are starting to come off the waiting list.

Her vision for DVR is that people will be able to come here, get useful information and supports to become employed or maximize employability.  She says that the magical moment is when someone with a disability realizes that he or she can do something once thought impossible.  Once that realization is fulfilled the possibilities and potential snowballs into limitless opportunity. 

She says that as a community we need to come together for economic advancement, both to change policies and to help each other manage the fears and stress.    Disability is a management task--and it is not easy or seamless even though there is sometimes pressure to make it look that way.   It will take intention and will not "just happen" just as getting our civil rights and access to community services took a lot of coordinated effort.   Joelle says the most radical thing we can do as individuals and as a disability community is to not just survive but to thrive. 

We welcome Joelle to Colorado and to our community and look forward to working with her to realize our mutual goals of economic advancement and increased employment within our very talented community. 

Photo of Joelle from an Article by Robert Lawhead at the following link below:

Roxane White

Photo of Roxane White

February is Systems Change Month-systems change is at the heart of what we do at Colorado Cross-Disability Coalition (CCDC). Systems change is an American tradition. When we do it like what we have in this country we change it. Sometimes that means changing laws, other times it means changing rules. Sometimes it means creating a program, but often it can mean changing a program. We change systems when we realize that the problems that individuals experience are not caused by the deficit of the individuals – but by dysfunction in the system. There are many ways to change systems – CCDC is proud to honor Roxane White as our February person of the month. She is currently the Chief of Staff for Governor Hickenlooper and she considers this the ultimate chance to change and improve systems. Roxane has dedicated her life to making systems better and she believes that a good government is a government that is honest, transparent and responsive to the needs of the people. 

Roxane grew up in Montana. When she lost her father at an early age, she learned that life can throw up challenges one does not expect and cannot control. That was a major influence in her life. She ended up getting a Master's degree in both Social Work and Divinity and she initially had planned to be a minister, but learned that her skill set was more suited towards high level management. Roxane, like many of us, was focused on changing the system through the work she did with non-profit organizations. She spent many years working for homeless youth and was the director of Urban Peak.

I remember when I was a new director of CCDC, and was seeking advice on how to run a non-profit with integrity…in ways that would produces real change, I was told to watch the woman who was running Urban Peak – I was told that she ran a model organization and that is when I first met her. She was kind enough to share information with me as a new director. Since then, our paths have crossed throughout the years – most recently in her role as Chief of Staff for our Governor.   

While running Urban Peak, she was doing what we advocates do – pushing on an elected official about issues she believed in. Her particular issue was support for the homelessness youth. Then Mayor Hickenlooper challenged her.  He said, "Roxane, you can continue to do the work you are doing and complain about how our systems leave behind the most vulnerable.  And, I guarantee you that 20 years from now, you will still be saying these things, or you can join my administration and try to create change and access." Roxane feels blessed to have been the head of Denver Human Services and to create Denver's Road Home under his administration and later to become the Chief of Staff. It was a natural move to expand her reach from city to state issues when he was elected Governor. She felt that she had an opportunity to continue to have a voice for important issues such as the waiting list for people with disabilities, homelessness, responsible fiscal planning, and emergency response. 

As advocates we wonder if the people that work in the "the system" really want our involvement. We know that Roxane genuinely values our involvement and the involvement of all citizens. She believes that citizen advocacy is the key to systemic change.  She knows that personal experience leads to better laws, rules, and services.  More importantly, she said that unless people are involved, challenges, issues, concerns and areas for improvement are never fully understood or considered. It is important that someone so influential in our state believes so much in systems change…in real and meaningful community engagement.  

In fact, her desire for systemic is why she accepted the challenge from Governor Hickenlooper. Roxane said that "creating change was absolutely why I changed careers. I felt that my skills could help by working within government for a few years. I never aspired to these roles, but I have been fortunate to be in a position where I can advocate for the needs of people throughout Colorado. As the stepparent of a child with disabilities and as a foster mother, I know well how people can be left out of our systems or how we can create structures that support people to fully engage, to have meaningful work and to fully participate."

Roxane feels fortunate to have obtained positions of influence. She feels it is her duty to use her voice for those who are often not heard, including but not limited to those who lack a stable residence, teens struggling to survive on the streets, and others for whom daily life is all consuming. She does not see people who are disenfranchised as helpless victims and works to help people get in a place where they can speak for themselves – she absolutely sees her role as effecting change to make our state a better place for everyone.  

I asked her, “What does a Chief of Staff do?” She said that her job is to manage the daily functioning of the State of Colorado for the Governor. The heads of all state agencies report to her and she works on budget, legislative issues, and strategy. She reviews and recommends items for the Governor to consider. Both a fun aspect and a challenge of this job – is the sheer number and diversity of issues that confront her on a daily basis. On a given day, she may work on tax policy, marijuana regulation, prison reform, and health care. On another day, she is focused on the unique issues which are facing rural Colorado, such as the drought or mining problems.  “It is important to always keep in mind the diverse needs of the entire state, she said.”

Her greatest source of pride in her current job has been her role in helping the state become more fiscally sound. She says when our fiscal house is not in order, it is impossible to be the best possible community. Because we have focused on the financial health of Colorado such as increasing jobs, we are able to focus on more of the needs of the State. Being able to advocate for additional housing for people, to eliminate more of the waiting list for people with disabilities, to increase opportunities for all people to work are highlights of the work.

CCDC agrees with this approach – we certainly would not have seen a budget initiative to address the Supported Living Services (SLS) waiting list as we have seen in the Governor's budget this year. Our personal care workers would not have gotten their 8.2% raise last year, if our fiscal house was not in order. While not all changes require additional funds and many of the changes sought by our community simply seek to redirect existing fun, our experience is that when there is a fiscal crisis it is much more difficult to get any sort of momentum or attention for policy change.

When she was asked what advise she could give for advocates working outside the government that want to make positive change, she responded as follows: "People are human beings regardless of where they work. 

Most people want to understand and do the right thing.  How we treat one another matters and it matters deeply.  When I approached with the desire to solve a problem, I am able to immediately engage."

CCDC also believes that meaningful engagement occurs when all parties listen, share and take action together. Thank you Roxane for always listening and helping us take action to reach our mutual goals to make Colorado the best state in the country for people with all types of disabilities. 

Haven Rohnert

Photo of Haven Rohnert

Haven Rohnert is our person of the month for January.  January is Independent Living Month and Haven personifies what the Independent Living Movement is all about.   Haven recently got his GED—with flying colors—scoring at the 96th percentile in writing and 93rd in reading.  He is planning to go to college.    In addition to this he works part time at a local grocery store, and owns a small business with his mother called The Body Restore .   Haven is a proud single parent and has two boys, age 13 and 15.   Haven has accomplished a lot in his life, but clearly has an eye for the future.  He will be 37 on January 17, 2014.

Haven wants to improve his life, not to denounce his disability.   Watching Haven make continual improvements over the years has been an incredible gift to me as an advocate.  He came in recently and said he had a Christmas present for me and it was the best possible gift—it was a copy of his GED Diploma!! !

I have known Haven for about seven years.  When I first met Haven he came to us for assistance getting on benefits—he had just left a bad situation and was on his own as an adult with a disability for the first time.   He was struggling to say the least.  From the first day, Haven has been the perfect advocacy client—he has taken everything he has learned from advocacy and increased his independence continually.  He always follows through and always pays it forward.   Now he is a business owner, has a GED, another part time job and to hear him talk —he is just getting started!  However one job he has had and done well for the past 15 years is the one most important to him—being a parent.

Being a parent to Haven is as natural as breathing—being with his boys is and always has been something he loves, and relating to them comes naturally.    Most people think parenting is anything but easy—and Haven admitted that it was a lot of work, but that any work, and even any pain was so overshadowed by the love he has for his children that he did not even think about parenting, but just did it.  Haven said, “I love my children so much that I really don’t think about all the work and everything I have to do to keep up with things, it’s just something I do. I am very compassionate about all people and I will never give up on what I love.”   All you have to do is to hear him talk about his boys and you know that he does love them unconditionally.    He fought for them, at one time because of his disability his ex-wife tried to stop him from having his kids overnight and tried to convince the court that because he has seizures he should only be allowed supervised visitation.    Haven left high school shortly after starting the 10th grade. Without the advantage of a complete childhood education or any formal education, Haven took on a challenging custody battle.  As a result, Haven and his children are together.  As people in the disability community know, absence of disability is NOT a requirement for being a great parent.

Haven credits his boys with helping him—he says because of them he could not fall into a major depression.  Some of that is just practical—as a single parent someone had to get up and take them to school, assure homework is completed, and make their meals.  Forcing himself to do what his boys needed helped him get through some of his most challenging, trying times.   However, he realized he needed to do and be more and wanted to be a role model to his boys.   Haven got on benefits and was able to get the medical care he needed to stabilize himself and as soon as it was possible he immediately began his quest for improvement.

 I say “improvement” not “self-improvement” because for Haven this is all ultimately about making the world a better place.    One of the biggest influencers in his life was Martin Luther King Jr. and he thinks of Dr. King’s legend any time he hears someone grumble that there is no sense trying because no one can change the world.    To Haven Independent Living means having the time and resources to do what he wants—which is to make the world a better place.   He hopes to get involved in politics some day and definitely sees the value in advocacy.   He credits advocacy with assisting him not only with obtaining what he needed to get to the next level, but in helping him stand up for himself, a skill he has used and carried into other aspects of his life.     He believes that everyone who struggles needs an advocate, and would like to see broad based advocacy expand and be available for people with and without disabilities.

In addition to that piece of paper that says Haven Rohnert has a high school equivalency degree, what he got from that process was increased self-confidence.   He did not know if he would succeed and the fact that he did gives him confidence to try other things.  He has always loved music, both playing and listening.   He now wants to take that skill to a new level and is going to learn how to read music.   Being able to play professionally is one of his many goals.

Haven got interested in his business at the Taste of Colorado in 2009.   He saw someone selling aromatherapy gems and the idea came to him to create his own line of personal care and aromatherapy products.   He has always loved fragrances, candles and the like.  He shared the idea with his mother and then received a back payment from Social Security.  He invested that money, and started a PASS (Plan to Achieve Self Support) through the Social Security Administration and recruited his mother as a business partner.   They have not looked back since.   They generously have donated beautiful gift baskets to CCDC auctions and also donate 50% of their BeCause Product Line to CCDC. 

Haven Rohnert's books


Haven had seizures from childhood but they were not diagnosed and very rare.  It was only once he was a young adult, at age 20, that his seizures became more disabling, going from “absence” seizures to grand mal or clonic tonic seizures.   Haven recalls many times waking up in some emergency room thinking that he had to make some kind of change.   He credits having a disability with motivating him to make a better life for himself, not just the GED and the job, but forcing himself to treat his body well and to avoid putting any kind of substance into it other than necessary medications.   He also exercises, tries to keep to a regular sleep schedule and engages in healthy lifestyle practices as much as possible.    Even maintaining his health comes from an altruistic motive; he was always eager to help others.  His mother, a wise and supportive influence in his life, told him that if he wanted to help others he needed to help himself first.   He has found this to be true and now he is so much better able to help others.     

We asked Haven what advice he would give to someone who was in the situation he was in when he came to us—new at Independent Living, trying to figure out how to get on benefits, a lot of things going wrong in life, and not a lot of self- confidence:  His recommendation is to always keep moving forward:  Get on benefits and use them to stabilize your life, get the medical care you need, make healthy choices.  However, once you start to feel better don’t stay there—he went back to work for a very pragmatic reason—he0 did not want to be poor for the rest of his life.

CCDC is proud to consider Haven a member and know that he will continue to move forward.

October 2013, Brenda Mosby

Photo of October 2013 Person of the Month Brenda Mosby

Brenda began her own journey into disability almost 20 years ago.  She was a successful suburban business owner, who had also enjoyed a career in banking.  One day she did not feel well, then her vision got blurry in one eye and suddenly she lost her vision in that eye.  Two weeks later she was completely blind.  Doctors know it was a virus but they never figured out the cause.   She was initially completely blind but has since gained some vision.  Like most of us who become disabled, she initially experienced fear.  She isolated herself, then tried to bargain with God.  She begged for her vision back and offered to do anything in exchange for that.  When this did not work she sought solace at a spiritual retreat.  At this retreat she met a retired DVR (Division of Vocational Rehabilitation) counselor who urged Brenda to seek services through DVR. 

DVR was a very positive and life changing experience for Brenda.  After learning JAWS (computer program for people without vision) she then attended college.  She went to Metro and initially was going to try to fin d a career around exercise, following a lifelong passion, but was so impressed with the rehabilitation counselors that helped her that she decided to become a counselor.  She graduated with high honors and was the commencement speaker—she was not able to see the standing ovation she got for her speech “It is not what happens to you but what you do with what happens to you”. 

After college she decided to attend graduate school to pursue her Masters’ in Rehabilitation Counseling.  She was accepted to NYU and moved to New York.  In addition to the academic education she received she learned how to travel.  After graduate school she returned to Denver.  Initially she worked doing classes for people who had DUI or problems with Domestic Violence but quickly realized her passion was about helping people with disabilities to succeed at employment.

When asked why employment was such as passion Brenda explained that employment affects so many areas of our life.  She says once one is employed one has a different social standing.  One has the ability to interact on many levels, such as with co-workers in and out of the office.  She also points out that people who are employed are healthier.  She is not sure if that is because people with jobs have the money to maintain better health habits and health care or because of the psychological benefits that come from knowing one is contributing and part of something.   Brenda shared that having a job is a way to get all of us out of self centeredness and thrusts us into the world of others.    Finally, she said that people with disabilities often forget about the need to play.  It is something in our community we almost never speak of, likely because so few have the resources to engage in play.   Having an income allows one the ability to afford the extras.  This could mean enjoying expensive coffee with some friends, a day of skiing in the mountains or even a nice vacation.

We asked Brenda what she would say to someone who says that they just CANNOT work.  She replied that each person needs to ask themselves what he or she wants in life and that it is important not to compare oneself with anyone else.   If work is not what you want that is fine, but if it is there is a way to make it work.   She reminds us that work is not always a traditional 8-5 job in an office.  Some people may only be able to work a few hours a week but for those that want to work there is something out there.    However, work may include volunteer work or attending to educational goals.   She suggests that people examine your day to day life and determine if you are happy.  If one is happy with their life there is no need to change it but if not she suggests that having someone examine your life with you can be helpful.  Brenda said that when she was newly blind she felt that she was unable to do many things that she now knows she can do. 


Because vocational rehabilitation counselors were such an instrumental part of Brenda’s adjustment to living well with a disability the current order of selection at DVR breaks her heart.  The order of selection is what happens when there are not sufficient funds to serve everyone, as is the case now, and in that situation there is a waiting list to get DVR services.  Brenda said that connecting with an agency like DVR can put you on path to build skills after disability   She said that she thought she would never have an active life again, that she would just wither away and thanks in large part to DVR she was able to rebuild a new life.  She saw that there were tools she could use to change her life. 

Brenda has a life today that is fulfilling, awesome and fantastic.  So when we asked her if she would take a cure if offered she said yes, but only if it were simple and she certainly would not wait for it.  She said she knew of a procedure to replace corneas, that required multiple surgeries over two years.  She would not want to put her life on hold for two years—but if there were a simple pill to restore her sight, yes she would take it.  However, she would not have traded her experiences for anything. She has been able to touch peoples lives in a way she would never have been able to do as a sighted person.  Brenda says that when she was sighted she was self-centered, even aggressive and she can say that because that is no longer who she is.   She now knows that the most important thing is to perform Gods’ service.  She does this by offering hope to others, and by teaching and showing people that they can indeed have a life after disability.  As a spiritual being having had this very human experience Brenda realized she had all of the power in the world to shape her life.  She uses this example when she counsels others.   She realizes that she cannot (and should not) change others, but sees her role as giving others tools to do what they want to do in their own lives.


If you want to reach Brenda you can email her at

September 2013, Henry Feldman

What does Labor Day have to do with this you may ask?   Anything having to do with Social Security is laborious, but that is not the point.   Henry has roots in the labor movement.  In the summer of 1966, Henry was part of the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) Student Summer Project.  NFWA became the United Farm Workers that summer. 

However, before and after law school, he drove a cab—Denver Yellow Cab to be precise.   He joined the union and soon became shop steward.   He also worked doing Viet Nam War draft counseling.  In these contexts, he realized that legal advice usually contains within it some political analysis.   When people suggested that he should think about driving a desk instead of a cab, he decided that he would rather be making the political analysis than receiving it.  So off to law school inSan Franciscoit was.  When he graduated and set up his practice his first client was the IDA-Independent Drivers Association—the cab drivers union!   He recalls a time when he was at the airport and pointed out to his passenger that a fellow driver was the president of the company.  His passenger was surprised but not as surprised as when Henry shared that he was the lawyer for all of the drivers.


During law school, which was in the California Bay Area, he was part of the
Unemployment Project of the Bay Area National Lawyers Guild.  Law students represented people in appeals of denials of unemployment benefits. Somewhere along the line it became clear to Henry that unemployment and disability benefits were very important parts of the labor work towards which he was drawn.   During law school he also worked in a Legal Aid office inPittsburg,California for 13 months.  This was a great experience where he learned the basics of poverty law, including benefits work.    This gave him much more broad perspective than most lawyers get and he developed expertise in the technicalities of administrative procedures related to government benefits.  That was his introduction to Social Security Law, which eventually became his mainstay of his practice.

When he graduated from law school he came back toDenverand began driving a cab again, while setting up his practice.  He started as a generalist doing everything from helping fellow drivers with tickets to family law.  He proudly represented the cab drivers union. He did legal work for a Teamsters Local, the Aluminum, Brick, and Glass Workers, mushroom workers, Service Employees International Union and more.   He was good at Social Security law and was on the Legal Services and other referral lists.  By the time it was the early 1990’s he realized he had enough referrals to make a practice solely in disability benefits.  

Disability work motivated him because he could do something concrete to help—he could prove that the client was entitled to benefits that were needed for survival.  He realized that even though most of his clients with Social Security Disability benefit appeals did not identify with the disability rights movement that he should have some level of involvement with that movement.  Not long after that realization (around 1990), he met Robin Stephens and Laura Hershey, through work on universal health care issues. They provided the best possible introduction to disability rights issues. Henry became a resource for CCDC in that time period and has been every since.

When asked what he would change if he could wave a magic wand and get one big change in the Social Security Disability Determination System he said he wishes for an adjudication system with a heart and soul.  He said that the system has never been friendly, nor has it been terribly responsive.  It has gotten much worse in the past five years, which is the driver in his decision to retire.   There have been changes in the decisions coming from the Appeals Council that leads judges to demand more evidence along with hiring more insurance defense attorneys as ALJs. However, he believes that the most severe driver of the unpleasantness in the system comes from years of trying to starve the system administratively.   The agency has been on hiring freezes for most of his career.    

When asked what advice he had for a new lawyer he said that driving a cab was as important as law school in preparing him for his career.  His advice to a young person is to have some real life experience before enrolling in law school,  

Many CCDC members have directly benefited from Henry’s representation over the years.  Many CCDC advocates have come to rely on his sound advice.  What I most appreciate about Henry is that he does not take the view common to so many benefits attorneys that people with disabilities should stay helpless, and avoid work.  He understands that the rules do not work, but that there is a long way between doing nothing and full time, competitive employment.   He understands that we need a revolutionary change of mindset in the Social Security system.   However, he urges us to remember that in the meantime there are things we can and should do to have fulfilling lives.   For the decades of labor that Henry has given to our community—our broad community including people with disabilities, farm workers, cab drivers, and others, we say THANK YOU.  

Chelsea Davenport

Photo of CCDC August Person of the Month Chelsea Davenport

Chelsea Davenport is our August Person of the Month.  The theme for this month is education and we chose to honor Chelsea, as she is a shining example of the outcome of a great education. Chelsea is a 24-year-old soon to be college graduate who has spent the summer at the Colorado Cross-Disability Coalition (CCDC) as our first ever Colorado College (CC) Public Interest Fellow. After completing one remaining course this fall, Chelsea will receive her Bachelors in psychology—a topic she chose given her love for working with and learning about people. While she has yet to make a firm decision about a career path, she hopes that it will involve something philanthropic.  At this point, an ideal job for Chelsea might include working with children in the outdoors; she loves working with kids and feels most alive when she is outside and active. She will eventually go to graduate school but wants to gain more field experience first. Chelsea is a positive, polite, and well-spoken young woman who has been a terrific asset to us at CCDC this summer. She has created brochures (soon to be on our website), generated and improved development materials with Jerry, made a social media content calendar, and completed a variety of written documents for our organization (including a blog posted on our Sound Off! webpage). Her writing and verbal communication skills are excellent, as are her analytical and problem-solving abilities. She is the type of person any employer would love to have on their team.

Chelsea is very open about the fact that she has Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD).  She was diagnosed at a very young age (6) when her parents brought her to see a psychologist after they noticed some atypical behaviors. For example, Chelsea refused to use public swimming pools even though she loved to swim. Chelsea said that she rarely felt ashamed of her OCD as her family and friends were always incredibly supportive. Chelsea’s parents made her feel empowered and never burdened her with low expectations. They pointed out the unique, positive features of Chelsea’s disability while ensuring that she received the medical treatment necessary to address associated challenges. OCD always has been a part of what makes Chelsea who she is, but by no means defines her. Chelsea recalls a happy childhood and early adult life in which she blossomed academically and was involved in a myriad of extracurricular and social activities. She went to a Montessori elementary school, a private middle school, and a diverse public high school--all of which were located in Oklahoma.  She came to Colorado in 2008 as an incoming freshman at Colorado College (CC) in Colorado Springs. During her tenure at CC, Chelsea had a terrific group of friends, interacted with fabulous faculty, and really thrived in an environment in which individuality and diversity were highly valued and encouraged. Chelsea has had a variety of strong mentors throughout her educational career and has never felt devalued as a person with a disability. 

When asked about the importance of education for people with disabilities, Chelsea responded without hesitation that education is HUGE and that it opens many doors.  She affirmed that intellectual stimulation is imperative because it fosters curiosity: “The more we learn, the more we want to learn”.  She also asserted that one’s knowledgebase affects one’s worldview and she credited her education for her strong work-ethic, ability to study efficiently, and capacity to solve problems effectively–-all essential skills for independence that permeate into everyday life. Chelsea reflected about the confidence she gained from her coursework and the social flexibility she acquired through her involvement with diverse educational settings.  One of Chelsea’s favorite teachers told his students that among the most valuable things one can take away from an education is to learn how to learn and how to think critically.  Chelsea has taken full advantage of her strong academic background and urges young people with disabilities and their parents to make every effort to do the same.

Chelsea emphasizes the importance of remembering that a disability does not and should not define someone. Acknowledging those with disabilities for the same accomplishments that help identify their non-disabled peers is thus imperative to a comprehensive and grounded sense of self. Ignoring one’s disability would be short-sided, however, and ultimately detrimental for everyone involved. People with disabilities should remember that disability is indeed part of who they are, but that it need not, nor should not, define them completely. Chelsea warns young people to take caution with what they share and with whom. Her advice to parents of young people with disabilities is to watch their instinct to protect their children from stigma or other negative experiences. Fostering an open home environment in which teens feel comfortable communicating about what they may be experiencing at that point in time is instrumental to ensuring that they adopt a positive sense of self-worth. Communication is key when something challenging occurs and talking to your teen can be much more effective in the long-term than sheltering them. Chelsea reminds parents that children will need to grow up and negotiate the world independently, that we all learn from experiences, and that sometimes people must learn things the hard way in order for lessons to resonate. 

Chelsea has clearly benefited from excellent parenting, a fabulous education, and a positive disposition. She is at one of the most exciting times in her life where the adventures of the world await her.  We wish her luck and know that she will take with her everything she has learned while working at CCDC.  Please visit our Sound Off! Page to learn more about the fabulous resources Chelsea has created during her summer with us.


Kathy Vincent

Picture of Kathy Vincent

Kathy Vincent is our July person of the month. If you have seen the movie “Born on the 4th of July” about a patriot fighter who came back disabled from Vietnam and used his situation to fight for the rights of others then Kathy is our version of this. Kathy was born on OUR independence day-July 26, but 50 years before we had civil rights. Kathy turned 50 on the day the ADA was signed into law. 

Kathy was one of three children - all girls - and came from an amazing family. Her parents were determined that Kathy would be raised in the community. They had to move to Denver from Fort Lupton Colorado so that Kathy could get an education - still in a segregated school which was the norm for those days but an education nonetheless. Kathy treasured her education and was an avid reader for her life. Because of her severe speech impairment Kathy was often treated as if she could not read, or even think for herself - nothing could be further from the reality. 

When Kathy became an adult she felt she could no longer expect her parents to provide care for her - and in those days there was no HCBS or any sort of community support services. She reluctantly went into a nursing facility where she spent her young adulthood. In her 40’s she met Wade Blank and along with many others was freed and embarked on a journey of independent living. While this was not always easy, and sometimes quite a challenge, Kathy embraced her independence and throughout her life continued to expand her horizons. She did not have complete independence with a computerized communication system until she was 70 years old, but learned how to operate a computer speaking system during the last decade of her life - very typical of Kathy. 

Kathy was the first CCDC Board President. She would do whatever was needed for the organization. When we were too broke for stamps (this was before email was the norm), Kathy would come to our East Colfax office and get all of the local mail and roll around town delivering it. Even though Kathy lived on SSI, she always donated to the organization, recognizing that important responsibility, not just as a Board member, but as a member. 

Kathy loved kids - she would always be up for watching the kids of the staff, including my kids who as young adults remember her with love. Kathy has a host of nieces and nephews who have always been an important part of her life. Kathy was also a dedicated Rockies and Broncos fan. 

Kathy was one of my early mentors, she taught me about Colorado culture, about what life was like for those who came before, making me appreciate the gains we have now and always heightening my determination to continue this important fight. Kathy also felt strongly about continuing and always encouraged me and CCDC even when her health made her personal participation impossible. As a final gesture typical of her commitment and generosity her family asked that donations in Kathy’s memory be made to either CCDC or St. Barnabas Episcopal Church 1280 Vine Street in Denver. 

While Kathy passed away on June 18, 2013 we wanted to have this last opportunity to say Happy Birthday and THANK YOU.  

Barry Sweet

Barry Sweet, CCDC's Person of the Month, June 2013

Barry Sweet - June 2013

Our June Person of the Month is Barry Sweet.  June is outdoor recreation month and Barry is a Park Ranger at Rocky Mountain National Park and has been for the past 26 years—before that he was a Park Ranger in Yellowstone.   The word Ranger comes from the 14th century English term meaning “Keepers of the Royal Lands”.   The Royal family assigned rangers who would range the land and assure no poaching, illegal diversion of water sources, logging, etc. occurred.  That is still what they do to this day. 

Talking to Barry you become immediately infected with his passion for nature, its place in our lives, and how nature should be accessible to everyone.  It is rumored that he wears his Park Ranger hat at night as he sleeps because he is so proud of it.  When asked how he became a Ranger he said that he was the kid in high school that walked across the campus picking up trash and encouraging others to do the same because he wanted a beautiful campus.  After he graduated he moved from Phoenix to Flagstaff because he needed (not wanted but needed) mountains and pine trees.   However, Flagstaff did not possess enough mountains or pine trees, so he moved to Colorado.

Barry was a recipient of one of our Access Improvement Awards last year for his consistent efforts to make nature accessible to our community.   He contacted us about this time last year to encourage us to come visit Sprague Lake where there is accessible back country camping.  (For city folk like me, he defined back-country as camping at least a half mile from your car, whereas front country camping is camping mere feet from your car).  Rocky Mountain National Park developed the Sprague Lake Accessible Site years ago; it is a completely accessible campsite on a beautiful mountain lake, a half mile from the trailhead, accessible via a hardened wheelchair accessible path.  The site is in the trees with accessible privy restrooms and picnic tables.  People can go for the day, or camp either under the stars or in their own tent.   To make it better, it is affordable, only $20 for a full three nights.     People with disabilities can get FREE access to any of our National Parks by applying for a Golden Access Card.

I asked him how he got invested in access issues and outreach to our community. He said that several years ago the Chief Ranger, Mark Magneson, asked him (Barry) to make some personal invitations to the disability community because the Sprague Lake Accessible Back-country Site was under used.   Barry did so –however it is clear when you talk to him that both inclusion and passion for nature is much more than a job—it is a calling and something that has become part of who he is as a person.  Many of us activists understand that the lines between your job and your beliefs can and should blend together.   I asked how they came to make this site accessible and he said that they realized that they had everything else accessible except back-country camping.  "National Parks are for everybody" He said “Everybody means everybody” and we (Rocky Mountain National Park) want to open our arms to all of the people of America and the world who want to come.”  He said several times during our conversation that “everyone means everyone”.  How we wish everyone could be so clear!

I asked Barry what a Park Ranger does—with no hesitation he said that his job was to “Protect a National Treasure with my life” and also to help humans become better people by giving them time to reflect.  He does this by keeping this amazing space available so that there is a way for humans to reflect in nature.  Barry said when people come to the back-country they can then push the “pause button” on their busy, stressful lives.  Some people realize that they are not living the way they want to live, or may be making reactionary decisions.  After being renewed by nature and beauty, people are able to make improvements in their lives and thinking when they return to their regular lives. The final part of his job is to create “Dream back- country trips” for people.   Barry camps himself as often as he can but he says his best camping trip in Rocky Mountain National Park was a trip to Thunder Lake - 6.8 miles in—he hiked with his then 12 year old son and they crossed the Continental Divide.  He wanted his son to be able to cross the divide before he became a teen so he would have a solid place of confidence as he became a young man.  It must have worked because his son graduated from college last week and is now a multi-engine commercial pilot!

In his 26 years he has seen a bear 4 times (black bears not grizzlies) and regularly encounters deer, elk and moose.  He urges all of us to come and camp to experience the magic in nature.  He says that the renewal one gets from spending time in nature is unobtainable anywhere else.  The wilderness of the Rocky Mountain National Park is one of the most inspiring and breathtaking places anywhere to be in touch with nature.   He emphasized that Rocky Mountain National Park does not simply open its arms to the disability community of Colorado but it opens its’ arms widely and warmly welcoming us.   If you are interested in a camping experience he really would like to hear from you.  He will answer all of your questions, address any concerns and will do whatever is in his power to make this a positive and welcoming experience.   So, please—sometime during the summer take a day or two or three away from the constant fight for inclusion and renew yourself in this amazing space.  You can call Barry at 970-586-1242.

Amy Smith

Photo of Amy Smith

Amy Smith - May 2013

CCDC is pleased to feature Amy Smith for our May person of the month.  May is “Mental Health Month” and Amy has been involved in mental health in a variety of capacities for many years.  She was diagnosed with mental illness as a teenager and since that time has had on and off involvement with the mental health system, both public and private.  She fell into policy by accident.  She had entered an art contest through ABC but then had foot surgery coupled with asthma so was on crutches and oxygen and could not get out.  Someone from ABC came to her home to get her art work and they began talking.  He invited Amy to the consumer advisory council.  Amy never heard of any such thing and got there and was excited to see a vibrant group of other people with similar labels working on mental health policy.  Not surprisingly she became the chair, then ended up on management council, then ended up with a paid position running a drop in center and it took off from there.

Today she does a lot of work on the international level, and is involved in creating a community promoting the strengths of women and girls in Yuma County, where she now lives.  With social media she is able to do international work even when she only sees her colleagues once or twice a year.   During this month she will head to South Africa to meet with leaders in the CSX movement.  CSX stands for consumers, survivors and ex-patients—the various descriptors used by and about people who have experiences with the mental health system.  She was chosen to represent North America because of her extensive study and writing on the Affordable Care Act, and the blending of physical and behavioral health care as well as the integration of behavioral health care with substance abuse treatment.

We asked her if she really believed that so many people have mental illnesses, is it really 25 or 30% of the community.  She believes not.  She said that she questions the premise of brain disorders; she believes that there are some true brain disorders but that it is much rarer than what is diagnosed.  Amy said that she believes that what presents as emotional distress and even cognitive problems are reactions to trauma from early life.  She was quick to explain that trauma means any situation that causes one to feel out of control and overwhelming and that this can mean different things for different people.  Even the government agency SAMHSA (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Agency) believes that 90% of those diagnosed with serious mental illness have experienced adverse early childhood experiences.  This could be an illness, a car accident, being caught in a storm or abuse or neglect.

This theory makes sense and explains why all mental health treatment has always been so individual, what works for one does not work for another.

This also explains why we are not sure if these problems are genetic or reactions and ways of thinking are learned.  Amy believes that the mental health system does not do a good job of teaching people how to respond and think differently.  She said that they focus on teaching specific skills and behaviours but if one cannot think through problems and generalize solutions they are left ill-equipped to deal with life.  She gave the following example:

Patient in a mental health setting might say that she has a goal of being in a loving relationship.  Patient may be advised to try a houseplant, then a pet to prove herself worthy of caring for a living thing.  If the patient fails at caring for a houseplant, the patient would be taught she does not deserve a relationship.  Amy says a better way of teaching would be to help the person explore what it means to be in a relationship, to understand that it can be painful, that there is sorrow and joy, and to help someone learn how to compromise, understand others and to consider what is important to that individual in a relationship.

While critical of the current system Amy is clear to say that it saved her life.  She believes that what was really valuable was that there were people who cared about her and felt her early days working with the ABC council were instrumental to her –she said if she missed a meeting someone would call her and that let her know someone cared.   She still believes that a vast majority of the people working in the system are good people who want to help.  She is concerned that some with power to stop change are too heavily invested in the current culture that is not empowering and not always effective.  She thinks the most hopeful aspect of the Colorado system is trauma informed care.   This is based on robust solid science, and addressed root issues and is not punitive.  She gave a personal example of how this works.

Despite all of her experience she was not welcome on the state mental health planning council.  The rejection had enraged her and she was spending all of her time and energy trying to get herself admitted to this meeting.  A trauma informed therapist using nontraditional methods such as watching and interpreting body language helped Amy see that it was the rejection that brought up painful childhood memories—as Amy was rejected by her family at a young age.  With this help, in a nurturing, non-punitive manner, Amy could see the real issue, deal with it and realize that going to Mental Health Planning Council was not a big deal.  She is now able to realize that it is only a meeting, and an ineffective meeting at that.  She sought therapy to deal with her rage against this planning council despite having had several traumatic experiences with abusive and inappropriate therapists because she knew she needed the help.  Her rage was making her appear mentally ill.  She was becoming paranoid, had racing thoughts, and was obsessed with this entity.   She knew she needed help and got it.

We asked Amy why she chose to be part of the CCDC Board—why Cross-Disability when her clear issue is mental health.  Amy said that while she was involved in the mental health world as an employee she always saw the respect people had for CCDC.  She believes the CSX movement can learn a lot from the disability rights movement.  She also believes in solidarity and has seen herself that none of us are free if any of us are oppressed.  She believes we face the same barriers and can work together for effective change.

Amy plans to continue her international work, and on a national level she is working to bring the National Association for Rights, Protection and Advocacy ( conference to Denver.  She believes that as a movement the CSX community needs to see each other at least once a year and believes this conference might be the perfect venue.  She also wants to build a Colorado chapter of Mind Freedom International and believes that this is a place where the Cross-Disability concept will flourish.

In addition to CCDC she also serves on the board for the Heart of the Boardwalk Mental Health Clinic ( and on the Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness (PAIMI) board.

Her greatest pride is her adult son Ty.   Through Ty she also has the experience of being a family member and says that the interventions on her family by the system were brutal.  Ty is now a policymaker in his own right and runs an organization called Youth Voice.  this is an eclectic, state-wide, member driven organization.   Ty participated in the CCDC youth program many years ago.    Amy says that not only did the apple not fall far from the tree, but she picked it up and threw it at his head!  She is very proud of Ty and has no doubt he will reach his goal of having a fulfilling professional life, with a lasting relationship and freedom from the system.  She knows that this is a tough road but has no doubt.  Knowing Ty and the great role model he has in Amy, we have no doubt either!

Rochelle Larson

Rochelle Larson (center) at the Grand Junction ADA 20th Anniversaru Celebration

Rochelle Larson - April 2013

Pictured: Rochelle Larson (center)

April is a month when we celebrate volunteers.  We celebrate our wonderful CCDC volunteers and volunteerism in general.  We celebrate that volunteerism is a way to gain a voice and improve your community.   CCDC is highly honored to spotlight Rochelle Larson, volunteer extraordinaire, as our April person of the month.

Rochelle has been a volunteer with CCDC for longer than either of us can remember—sometime in the late mid to late 1990’s.    Everyone who is anyone in the disability or human services world in Grand Junction knows Rochelle.  Rochelle is one of those volunteers that any Executive Director is happy to have.  Her motives are pure—it is always about the community or clients.  When she makes a commitment we see results.  When asked to coordinate an ADA picnic, it is not a little group at the park but a community production with a Color Guard Salute, proclamations by the Mayor and County Commissioners, involvement of dozens of community groups, games and prizes for the kids and enough food for a small army.   She also recruits other volunteers and gets all of the goodies donated!   Another example of “pure Rochelle” follows:  She receives a call about a student with autism in need of accommodating housing.  She calls her friends at Hilltop (a large Mesa County non-profit) and next thing you know is there is a coalition of advocates and service providers working on holistic autism services for the Western Slope—they call themselves Audyessy (pronounced Odyssey).

Clearly she is a sought after woman on the Western Slope.  As a result, her volunteer resume is quite impressive.  Her work includes a leadership position with the Lions, with a focus on vision loss caused by diabetes.  She received their Humanitarian Award in 2011 causing an eye bank to receive a $500 donation.  She serves her local school district in several ways:  She is an educational surrogate appointed by the State Department of Education to assure a free and appropriate education to foster children; she serves on the school district Medicaid advisory committee, and works with the nurse/family partnership on early intervention.  While special education and children are a passion, she also does work for seniors.  She represents CCDC on the Aging and Disability Resource Center (known as the ARCH), and formerly held leadership positions with both RSVP and AARP.    In case she missed anyone who is neither a child nor a senior citizen she also is the chair of the Mesa County Human Services Council and is a leader in the Mesa County DOVIA (an organization to promote volunteerism).  She is a past President for four years, of the Center for Independence, which is the local Independent Living Center in Grand Junction.  This is a sampling of her volunteerism!

When I asked her why she does this, she was perplexed.  I think it never occurred to her NOT to volunteer.  She struggled for an answer –because giving to her community is so natural to her that a reason escapes her.  She said she likes to keep her mind active, and that having a physical disability the mental activity keeps her mind off of her pain, but it is clearly so much more.  Having known Rochelle for more than a decade, I think Rochelle could no more stop volunteering than breathing.

She connected with CCDC when she inherited two grandchildren, both of whom had disabilities.  She was at a support group, experiencing frustration with the system and was told to contact CCDC.  When asked why she has stayed she said, without hesitation “I believe in the mission.”  She added “I see how important it is to be able to have the power of an organization behind you to get needed services” remembering how frightening it is to have to challenge a government entity.

When asked what she sees as the next step for the disability rights movement, she said that we need to focus on increasing community acceptance and tolerance.  She suggests that we reach out to employers so that they can understand about accommodations.   She expressed concern about needing quality services to address the higher numbers of children and adults with autism.  She believes the explosion in autism diagnoses is due to better diagnostic techniques.  She said before we had such awareness of autism people were simply suffering in silence, living in a world without adequate communication.

I asked her what advise she has for newer volunteers, especially advocates.  She said that building relationships in her community has been the key to her effectiveness as an advocate.  She said that as volunteers we can start with some credibility based on our passion and because we are doing this work because we care, but cautioned that this will only take you so far.  She said the professionals need to be able to respect volunteers and will only do that if we take the time to develop relationships with them.  She cautioned that advocates need not go in guns blazing.  She said that we can and should be assertive and always keep in mind that we are there for the client.  She said that if we get so wrapped up in our own anger sometimes we lose credibility and effectiveness.   She acknowledged that this is really, really difficult at times, but something she learned over the years to be essential.    She insisted that we can be strong with integrity and hold our own ground without being mean.

Despite this incredible legacy and imprint Rochelle has left on so many organizations, her most prized accomplishment is that of a mother, grandmother and now great-grandmother.  Rochelle raised three children, has four grandchildren, two grandchildren, one of whom she adopted.  Both of her grandchildren had disabilities.  She is a great grandmother to two adorable twin – one of each, a boy and a girl.    Her granddaughter is a special source of pride and you can hear the love in her voice whenever she speaks about this relationship.  From a child in special education with a “dual diagnosis” emerged an accomplished young woman, who lives and works independently, owns a home, and has earned several promotions at her job.    She had lots of advice for anyone raising kids with disabilities most of it centered on trusting yourself as parent/guardian/grandparent, asking questions and demanding answers, and being involved with all of your children’s (or grandchildren’s) activities.

“Get involved” is advice that Rochelle has lived and as a result life is much better for people with disabilities on the Western Slope.    Martin Luther King Jr. said that “everyone can be great because everyone can serve” Rochelle lives that greatness every day.  Words cannot express the gratitude felt by CCDC for her incredible service.

Nicole Vanston and Jareth Charles

Photo of Nicole Vanston and Jareth Charles holding their artwork

Nicole Vanston and Jareth Charles - March 2013

Pictured: Nicole Vanston and Jareth Charles

For March we’re featuring Nicole Vanston and Jareth Charles two artists who are active in the VSA Access Gallery of Denver Colorado.

Nicole is 23 years old and has been participating at VSA since 2010 when she started transitioning from the Denver Public Schools (DPS) STAR Program. Nicole loves painting dragons and dinosaurs in particular. Her medium is using acrylic paints as well as a unique style of stitching on canvas. Nicole enjoys the VSA program because it is helping her expand her artistic expression and abilities and gets her closer to fulfilling her personal goal of being an artist full time. She said that her artistic expression was inspired by her grandmother.

Jareth Charles is 17 years old and has been participating in VSA since 2012. He is also transitioning into VSA from the DPS STAR Program. He enjoys drawing in depth, original characters that he hopes to some day develop into comics or animated movies. He uses ink pens to draw his characters and is starting to paint some as well. When asked what he enjoys most about VSA Jareth stated that its about the people and the community feel. He started creating when he was 5 years old and his artistic process evolved to more intricate figures displaying great detail.

VSA is an international non-profit organization founded in 1974 by Jean Kennedy Smith. Nearly 5 million people participate in VSA programs worldwide each year. VSA Colorado was established in 1978 and serves nearly 10,000 participants with disabilities statewide annually. The amazing non-profit VSA Colorado Access Gallery reveals to the general public the abilities and capabilities of people with disabilities by providing the latter with creative and educational opportunities as well as space to showcase their works.

Executive Director Damon McLeese said that Access Gallery gives artists with disabilities a place to go when they start their transition from high school to develop their job skills and readiness for the real world. He also stated that the gallery is working on creating more corporate commissions to help the artists have more sustainable lives doing what they love to do most.

Lauren Blakely and Mitch McKinney

Allison Blakely Rampley behind Lauren Blakely and Chris Rampley behind Mitch McK

Lauren Blakely and Mitch McKinney - February 2013

Pictured: Allison Blakely Rampley behind Lauren Blakely and Chris Rampley behind Mitch McKinney

For February, the month of Valentines Day, we are happy to introduce to you Lauren Blakely and Mitch McKinney.  I was fortunate enough to be at a beautiful celebration in October of 2010 where they made a promise of loyalty in front of their community of families and friends.     I have known Lauren for many years as she was an intern at CCDC when she was ending her high school days.  She worked on assistive technology education among other projects.    I have seen Mitch around the disability community for many years, as one who is active serving on a number of community boards.

They met after being introduced by Barry Rosenberg, the owner of PASCO and a former member of the CCDC Board of Directors.  They “dated” online for awhile and then once they finally met in person it was love at first sight for both of them.    Lauren describes feeling butterflies in her stomach and Mitch says that he knew he had met the love of his life.  By the end of their first meeting they knew they had something special.

Many people in Colorado are young and in love so what is so special about Lauren and Mitch? They are both people with very significant disabilities, and considered “non-verbal” because they have Cerebral Palsy to such an extent that their speech is very difficult for others to understand.  Both of them use adaptive equipment to speak to outsiders.  I remember watching Lauren use her machine,, and remember thinking it was a good thing she was young because only someone with a young brain could remember all that one needed to remember to use a communication device.   (People of my generation used the old fashioned letter boards).    I asked them if they had expected to find true love given the nature of their disabilities.  Lauren says by age 15 she thought she would not find any kind of relationship so told people that she did not have time for boys due to her studies.   Mitch said that he always wanted to find love but though it unlikely, however held out some hope.    They are also unique in that they came from supportive families, when they fell in love and wanted to commit no one said it was unrealistic or discouraged them but rather were excited to see their relationship flourish.   Mitch and Lauren say that their families know they can do anything they want despite their disabilities.     Mitch says his family knew at his 39th birthday party that love was in the air and that his father told him that when Lauren came in the room his eyes lit up.  I recall seeing that exact expression, one of complete joy, on his face at their ceremony during the first dance.

With increasing frequency it seems that people with disabilities choose to be with each other rather than being with someone without a disability.    Lauren says she could not imagine being with a non disabled person, but qualified that with saying that she did not imagine meeting someone as wonderful at Mitch either.  Mitch said he could see himself with an able bodied mate but doubts that they would share the same humor, something he finds critically important to the relationship.   As noted, both Mitch and Lauren have significant communication disabilities, when they are alone they rarely use their communication devices, rather they speak with their voices and are able to understand each other most of the time.  Mitch says Lauren understands him more than he can understand her but Lauren says they both do well most of the time and have the technology if necessary.

Both Mitch and Lauren require attendant care to assist them with activities of daily living but they have attendants that respect them and their privacy.  They have about five hours a day when no one is around and they value this time.    Their attendants do respect their privacy as well.

The rest of their relationship is pretty typical of young couples.  They like to go to movies, out to eat, swimming, camping, and spending time with family and friends.   When they have differences of opinion they work through it because the realize that together they are stronger and respect each others opinions.    They see their future including a lot of travel, and possibly working together at least on a project or two.  They also enjoy their friends and family and see including them as an important part of their future.

When asked if there was anything they wanted to share with the CCDC membership the message was simple.  “Don’t be afraid to dream big because it can work.”

(Pictured here with Mitch and Lauren is Lauren’s sister and brother in law who were married New Year’s Eve of 2011.)

Mark Ferrandino

Photo of Mark Ferrandino and supporters

Mark Ferrandino - January 2013

January is the month where we celebrate Independent Living.  Independent Living is about fully participating in all aspects of the community.  Our January Person of the Month embodies the vision of the Independent Living Movement.  He is a person with a disability who at one time in his life was a kid in a self contained classroom, separated from his non-disabled siblings, subject to bullying and low self-esteem.  Early this month he will be sworn in as Colorado’s next Speaker of the House.

Talking to Mark Ferrandino is a breath of fresh air, especially for anyone who is growing weary of politicians. Representative Ferrandino is down to earth and has a goal while Speaker, to try to build back the trust of the people and gain back respect for the institutions that govern us.  He is aware that people are losing respect for government and fears that if that respect is lost completely that we lose democracy.

I asked what exactly a Speaker of the House does?  Rep. Ferrandino explained that he is the leader of the house;  he must manage the operations, figure out who serves on what committees, decide to which committees bills go, and much more. He was quick to say that being a leader did not mean being a dictator.    When asked if he always wanted to be in politics, the answer was an emphatic YES.  He recalls talking politics with his grandfather. Between that and his father being a history teacher he was drawn to policy issues early in life.   He was always drawn to elected office but never knew that he would actually succeed.

A good deal of our conversation revolved around the need for people with disabilities and those who support us, including our families, to let us try, to support us in reaching for our dreams and to make sure that we do not allow low expectations (or worse yet no expectations) to stop us.  He said, and CCDC agrees, that low expectations are always a bad thing.   He was told that winning elected office was unrealistic.  His parents were wary as they did not want him to get hurt—he understands that parents are naturally protective but his advice to parents of special education students is “let your kid follow his or her dream.  You can share realities and know that your child will not always achieve the desired outcome but that does not mean one should not try”.   He said “never in my wildest dreams would I have thought I would be about to be sworn in as Speaker of the House.”   His advice to students is the same-“do not let people tell you that you cannot do it”.    He is planning to spend time as speaker during the interim talking to young people with disabilities, something that CCDC strongly supports.  Too few students with disabilities have solid role models.  Mark Ferrandino is about the best role model our kids can have.

I asked him about how he developed his identity as a person with a disability—if there was ever a time when he hid his disability.  He explained that his elementary school years were spent in a self contained classroom in a school separate from where his twin sister was educated.  In other words, there was no hiding his disability.  However, by high school he was mainstreamed and like most teens did not want to be different, so tried a little to hide who he was.   However that did not last long and as he became more accomplished he realized that being a person with a disability is part of who he is.  Rep Ferrandino says that while life may have been easier had he been born “like everyone else”, he would not be the person he is—nor would have all of the strengths that he currently possesses had he not lived with a disability.  He acknowledged that most of us go through a phase where we fight our identity, often we are mad at the world, but then we realize how our disability is not a negative and it becomes incorporated into our self concept.  Rep Ferrandino says that “disability is not the only thing we are but part of who we are.”

We discussed how so many of our people live in poverty and I asked him how he escaped the poverty and unemployment that plagues so many of us.  He credits his success to a combination of strong family support and a great education that included strong early intervention and additional supports.  While he was in a self contained class he also had extensive therapies in elementary school.  He is passionate about giving all of our students the supports needed to enable success.   He said that even with adult education or re-training programs we need to consider that some students with disabilities may require some additional supports and that it benefits us as a society to provide these supports.  He believes that the need to increase employability skills is a national need.    He is passionate about education. Between having parents who were public school teachers and the effect of education on his life that passion is easy to understand.     His other main goal as Speaker (in addition to restoring trust) is to steer the state towards prosperity and assure that our policies give everyone the opportunity to achieve.  He believes that we accomplish this through investment in job incentives, training and education.

Other than his parents, his heroes include Harvey Milk, an openly gay politician and FDR.  He talked about how he appreciated how the memorial in DC was dealt with because it both respected how FDR himself wanted to be seen but did not hide the fact that he was a President with a disability.  Representative Ferrandino did not see FDR as hiding who he was, but in doing what was necessary at the time to be elected—and he cautions us to think about what would have happened to our country had FDR not been elected.

As Speaker Mark Ferrandino will be an ally to all citizens because of his strong belief in Democracy and our processes.  He says that Democracy is messy, you never get everything you want, and it does not work quickly but it does work and we need to make sure people can trust it.    He said part of the beauty of Democracy is that it allows you to scream and yell at your government and demand change, and then you can be part of affecting that change.    He believes strongly in citizen involvement and says that the disability community has demonstrated that when we involve people who are getting services in developing policies around those services we get a better outcome.  He feels the same about other policy areas, such as involving teachers in educational policy to create a better education system.   The education system just got a little more personal.  His latest adventure in is the fostering of a beautiful little girl.  Rep Ferrandino and his partner are hoping to adopt her and watching the Speaker with his foster child it is clear that fatherhood suits him wonderfully.

When Joe Beaver was President of the CCDC Board of Directors there was not a meeting when he did not say that if we ever wanted true equality, more people with disabilities had to run for office.   He is right, and we are incredibly fortunate to have a person with a disability as our incoming Speaker of the House of Representatives.    He will be sworn in when the Legislature Opens for the 2013 Session on January 9, 2013.

Sam Murillo

Photo of Sam Murillo and his brother Rob.

Sam Murillo - October 2012

Sam Murillo a Family Navigator with Family Voices of Colorado is November’s Person of the Month.  November is “Family Caregiver” Month and Sam is representing an important and often overlooked segment of the disability community—siblings of people with disabilities.

Sam, 32 is a native of Denver, is one of four boys. He is married to Emily Murillo, a social science researcher.  Two of his three brothers have disabilities.  His oldest brother Robert was seven years older than Sam and had a lifelong seizure disorder.  Robert had Huntington’s Disease which became very disabling at age 20.  This genetic disorder is rare for a child and presents like ALS.  Robert died from this disease in 2007.  Sam has two younger brothers as well, one of whom has Schizophrenia. Like many people with childhood onset schizophrenia, he had severe learning disabilities that were never diagnosed or treated.   Because of this, Sam says his younger brother struggled in school and was treated as a behavior problem.  He ended up self medicating and developing a drug addiction—a common story for people with serious mental illness.   His younger brother was not diagnosed until he was 23, after which he was able to stabilize and get treatment (he has only been clean for 17 mos).  The youngest brother of the group does not have a disability. 

Sam is a Family Navigator at Family Voices of Colorado ( and says this job is an alignment of the stars -an ideal job for him because he gets to use his skills and passion.  He spends a lot of time at Children’s Hospital in the neurology and rehab department.  He grew up seeing what seizures do and also seeing the failures of systems to meet the needs of families.  His father was adamant about the need for Sam to get an education.  Sam earned his Master’s Degree in Social Work from the University of Denver after earning a Bachelor’s Degree from Northwestern University of Notre Dame.

Living with disability clearly shaped his life.  Sam clearly comes from a very strong family and if there is a “right” way to raise children with and without disabilities together Sam’s parents did so.  Sam credits his upbringing to making him a well rounded person but also sees his entire family as more balanced and healthy due to their experience with disability.  Sam says that his life with his disabled brothers caused him to be able to think about social justice and systemic issues from a very young age.  He recalls in fourth grade musing over questions such as why he was one of very few students of color at his private school or wondering what caused bullying.   Advocacy was clearly in his blood from a very young age—he recalls instinctively reacting to bullies even when doing so caused him to take a beating.  Sam grew up believing what we spend lots of time trying to convince the community--disability is a normal part of the human condition.

When asked to describe his older brother, he used the word superman—the adoration of a younger brother still resonating in his voice.   I asked Sam if his decline and increase in disability diminished the superman like qualities. Sam replied that it was the opposite.  Sam described his brother as “the most tender human being” he ever met and said that even when he lost his ability to talk that his attitude lit up a room.   While it was very difficult to watch is beloved older brother lose abilities such as the ability to work, to walk, to work out, and to watch the emotional struggles that all of us with acquired disabilities go through, Sam said that Robert handled his disability with grace and dignity.    Sam describes his family atmosphere as one with very high expectations fortified by an environment filled with love and laughter.   He tells a story that during transfers (that took two people because Medicaid was not approving Hoyer lifts in those days) Robert would flip Sam off while their mother had her back turned.  Sam would be a typical kid and tell his mother but when their mother would turn around Robert would have his hand down looking angelic.  However as his disability progressed he was not able to move his hand as quickly so got “caught” but they continued the game—and always laughed about it.

It was not all fun and games; when Robert learned at age 13 that he had Huntington’s and would deteriorate then die young he attempted suicide –and Sam found him then turned to drugs before coming to peace with himself as a man with a disability. Sam said for years he would sneak and follow Robert around and go to places where he knew Robert would go, such as the neighborhood rec center and would tell people about Robert’s disabilities, asking them to keep an eye out for him and explain what a seizure might look like, and what they should do.  He did this to preserve the dignity and independence that was so important to his older brother. Sam knew his brother did not want their parents on his back but also knew instinctively that some assistance was really necessary.

I asked Sam if it was a burden to provide so much care—many in our mutual field of Social Work would say that having a teen provide physical care or even other support for their sibling is not good—they use the word “parentification” and that means that they think it puts children in the role of parents—and that doing so is very bad for children.  Sam disagrees that this is bad and says that they way his parents handled it was not damaging at all, but rather very empowering.  Not only was Sam part of the care (his mother was tiny and his father working so often Sam was the only one strong enough to effectuate a transfer) but Sam also would attend IEP meetings for his brothers.    As a kid going to the same schoolsSam had a better idea than any parent could about the day to day trials and tribulations experienced by his siblings.   Sam stresses that it is important that taking on this role should be voluntary, encouraged through empowerment and strength development and should never be forced on a child or teen and certainly should not be due to refusal of state systems to provide appropriate support. Sam clearly felt empowered to be part of the care.

Because of the systemic barriers, the need to have to fight for adequate medical care, appropriate services and an education, parents of disabled children are often overwhelmed, both emotionally and financially.  This leaves the non-disabled often taking a back seat.    Sam acknowledges that while he was well loved and knew his family cared, that his needs were not ‘front and center’.  Sam says it was not until he was 30 (he is 32 now) that his parents could take the time to ask him about his day—before that they were too consumed with the needs of both brothers.   He contends that he did not need as much attention.  He was a good student, active in sports, and engaged in other activities such as school clubs.  His parents were not always able to attend his events, but always made to sure to support his academic pursuits.   His father as an immigrant was sharply focused on education and was determined that Sam get a top notch education.  When the time came to go to college there were two choices—one local and one out of state but to a better school.  Sam did not want to leave, he worried his brother would die while he was gone and that he would lose his place in the family system.  Not only did his father encourage him, but his brother—his personal superman—encouraged Sam to go away to college.  Sam says that while he had responsibilities at home he was always allowed and encouraged to have his own life.  Robert promised Sam he would hang on while Sam was in college and kept his promise.  During the years Sam was away his brother lost his ability to speak and it haunts Sam to this day that he cannot remember his brother’s voice.  Sam lost his brother two days before starting graduate school.

While Sam has fond memories of his brother he did discuss one MAJOR flaw—his brother was a Raiders fan, somethingSam as a Denverite found baffling.

I asked Sam what advice he has for parents who are raising today’s siblings.  Sam stressed that the strengths of each family members should be used and nourished, that siblings should be part of the solution but also allowed to have a life of their own.  He emphasized that high expectations for children with disabilities is super important.   Sam was able to develop his role as a supporter, as an ally and an advocate from a young age because his parents played to his natural strengths and allowed him to participate in the care for his older brother.  Sam describes this as a very empowering experience.  Sam says parents must communicate openly about what the disability will look like, what it is like now and what may change in the future.   Children should know how important their impact on the family can be—for Sam that value helped build his self esteem and create the man he is today.    He says expectations must be openly communicated and each child must be allowed to have a life apart from the expectations around the disability of their sibling, but also be empowered to play a role of care.

I asked Sam what the disability community could do to assure siblings that they are welcomed. I asked him about the lack of siblings in the community—there are many parents but few siblings.  Sam said that we need to openly let them know that they are welcome.  He recalled that when he started his job at Family Voices he was worried that he would not be accepted because he was neither a parent nor a person with a disability.  He hopes that the community sees the siblings for the expertise that they do have.

I asked Sam what he thought “family centered services” meant?  He said this is not a new concept for us in the disability world, but is only now coming to light as a way to provide services.  He said it means a holistic approach that merges medical needs with a social model.  He says it is about helping the family thrive and should not be about mere survival.  He said that professionals need to always remember that the only reason there are services, policies and systems is because of the individuals and families.  This knowledge should always be where all policies, decisions and discussions start and end.

Sam has become a member of CCDC and attended our advocacy training.  It has been a pleasure to work with Sam on a variety of health policy issues.  While soft spoken, professional and exceedingly polite he is a fierce advocate in his own right, developing his own style.   Sam is a valued part of the team of us who do health policy work on disability issues and is frequently part of important committees involving Medicaid issues. Sam is one of the people making up the next generation of movers and shakers in the disability community.   CCDC is honored to work with Sam and look forward to continuing our relationship with this extraordinary man.

Matthew Keenan

Photo of Matthew Keenan and his bride, Kara Michelle Keenan.

Matthew Keenan - September 2012

Matthew Keenan is the September Person of the Month.  Our theme for September is “the pursuit of happiness” which is one of our constitutional guarantees as citizens of this country along with the right to life and liberty.

Matthew had to fight harder than most for both his liberty and his right to pursue his own happiness.  He had to take on a system that is often seen as untouchable.  He did so and won and is now, at age 47, alive, free and pursuing happiness.

Matthew was a manager at Qwest Communications, raising his son and doing well.  He had no idea about our world of disability.  He developed pancreatitis and went in for surgery, a medical error caused him to slip into a coma and when he woke up two and a half months  later his life had changed forever. He has traumatic brain injury that affects several aspects of his life.  Today he uses a wheelchair for mobility and adaptive equipment for other ADL’s and has some mild memory impairment and fatigue.  However, when he was first out of the coma he was very severely disabled and was truly unable to manage his affairs. Because his disability was caused by a clear error it was clear from the beginning that there was going to be a sizeable financial settlement. So not only did he require a guardian to manage his medical care and daily decisions but a conservator to manage the funds. Initially his family assisted him, his mother was his guardian, his father figured out some investments and acted as a conservator.

He got excellent rehabilitation and got better.  He gained capacity physically and mentally in leaps and bounds.  As he recovered he wanted more control over his life.  His family, having almost lost him and still reeling from that emotional upheaval, was reluctant to let go of control. It was his C.N.A. (certified nurse aide) who was providing daily care who told him that he really did not need a guardian.  She told him that she worked with many clients who were much more disabled than Matthew who had full rights. That got Matthew thinking and exploring and seeking disability rights information.  He found the Hangout Resource Center where he met counselor Scott La Point. Through Scott he was eventually referred to the Colorado Cross-Disability Coalition.

Matthew credits CCDC for not only giving him accurate information on what the guardianship standard is—but also with giving him that last bit of confidence and support needed to make the leap to secure his own guardianship. He decided to seek restoration, the legal term for getting ones rights back and hired an attorney.  This caused a huge rift within his family.  Rather than sit everyone down and explain guardianship and explain how people can recover from brain damage the attorneys at the time only increased the friction with his family, causing him to become completely estranged from his family.  He has since reconciled with his mother, but did not reconcile with his father before his death.  There was no need for this family feud and Matthew now sees this as part of the game—to continue to increase the number of lawyers and professionals involved.

Because his mother objected to elimination of the guardianship, Matthew was advised by his attorney to hire a professional guardian as a “bridge”.  He would hire a professional for six months or so his mother could see that he is capable of being responsible and independent but with that safety net in place.  The idea was that after the six month mark the guardian would simply resign and assure the court that Matthew no longer met the legal standard for guardianship.  At the time Matthew had done well with investments but did agree to a conservator to assist with managing his relatively large sum of money.  He was capable of managing day to day affairs. In fact, during the time period involved he maintained his investments due to the good decisions he made, while many Americans lost all of their wealth. The guardian began exerting excessive control over him, and actually got in the way of getting things done. For example he needed some repairs and parts for his wheelchair.  Some of this needed to be done through Medicaid but other items were “wants” rather than needs therefore should have been purchased out of his trust fund.  Rather than doing her job, the guardian began to fight Matthew on every request and then charged him for her time in the fight.  She got herself an attorney.  It got to the point where she had an attorney, the parents had an attorney, the conservator, Colorado Bank and Trust had a team of attorneys and all of them were billing Matthew’s trust and all for the purpose of fighting Matthew. Matthew then hired attorney Skip Morgan, who took the whole case to court.  A judge easily saw what CCDC did, that Matthew did NOT need a guardian.  At the hearing Matthew agreed to a conservator as long as it was NOT Colorado State Bank and Trust.  The judge also granted that request and ordered the bank to turn over an accounting of their fees and expenditures.

The bank continued to refuse to turn anything over and what they did turn over revealed serious  errors.  The bank continued to amass fees and forced Matthew into more legal battles. Attorney Skip Morgan  was honored by CCDC at our Community Awards Ceremony in 2008. After years of litigation not only were the fees the bank could take significantly reduced but this case drew enough public attention and outrage  that the law was changed. While the changes did not go as far as we would have liked, there is no longer an assumption that fees charged by conservators and guardians are legal. Moreover, trustees MUST provide accounting to those they are supposed to help within 30 days of the request.  (SB 11-083) Matthew took a stressful misfortune and worked to make sure that those who follow did not suffer the same exploitation by lawyers, guardians and professional fiduciaries in the future.

When asked what kept him going during these years of battle he said it was his faith.  He says he always knew it would work out eventually—despite being abused by one facet of our legal system he retained faith that somehow, sometime, the system would work for him and realize that with the notable exception of Skip Morgan, his attorney,  those charged with protecting him had turned into perpetrators against him. He maintains a firm belief that while there are many injustices in the world, that God is just and justice does prevail at some point.

We asked Matthew what advice he had for someone who may have a guardian who does not listen or who the person thinks is not necessary?  He said it is important to find someone to give the facts—and to make sure that whoever gives you the facts can back them up.  People should be able to show you what the law says not just tell you. He said that was what was so helpful about what he got from CCDC.  He recalled that not only did we explain his rights but we provided written backup via email, his preferred communication method. When asked what advise he had for guardians he was clear—he said guardians should never forget to consider the wishes of the client. While that may sound obvious, too often this does happen and leads to tragic and expensive ordeals.

Due to his perseverance and a good lawyer, Matthew is now able to enjoy his life, revel in his liberty and pursue happiness.  Matthew is recently married and is pictured here with his new bride, Kara.  He has one child.  His future plans include more education.  He is studying for the GRE and will see where this leads him. Wherever that it we are sure he will continue to do great things. CCDC appreciates Matthew and people like him who refuse to be victims and who use their experience to support the hopes and dreams of others.  We are proud to call Matthew a CCDC member.

Darla Stuart and Linda Skaflen

Photo of Darla Stuart and Linda Skaflen

Darla Stuart and Linda Skaflen - August 2012

As everyone with kids gets ready for 'back to school" we are going to make education for children with disabilities our social media theme for this month.  CCDC believes that ALL children means ALL children --no exceptions.   CCDC has been very happy to have been working with two outstanding advocates--both of whom are Executive Directors of Arc chapters--and both of whom have notable experience with Educational Advocacy as our August people of the month.   We present to you Linda Skaflen from Arc of Adams and Darla Stuart from Arc of Aurora.  Educational Advocacy in the disability world refers to a plethora of activities that should result in at least all students receiving a free and appropriate public education and hopefully will result in our students acquiring the skills they need to succeed as adults.

All Arc chapters in Colorado provide independent advocacy to both children and adults.  Independent advocacy has no financial or contractual relationship with organizations providing direct services to people with disabilities which are generally funded through public dollars.  The Arcs were developed as a grassroots organization across the United States in the 1950’s.  The majority of Arcs across the country actually provide publically funded services to people with intellectual and developmental disabilities.  Colorado’s ability to provide independent advocacy is an exceptional opportunity.  All local Arc chapters have the ability to customize supports and services to their local community.

Both Linda and Darla have extensive, impressive backgrounds boasting decades of experience advocating for and with people with disabilities.   Linda has a degree in Social Work has been directing Arc of Adams since 1985; Darla has a degree in Urban Planning and has been at Arc of Aurora since 1994.  Both had an early introductions to inclusion issues.  Darla's mother has a disability and she grew up with a disabled parent before we had civil rights--something that affected her outlook on life and advocacy.  Linda recalls being "blessed" to have lived in a unique school district that did integrate disabled students.  She recalls how relationships with students with disabilities as peers formed as a sixth grader helped forge a rewarding and successful career.  ( If that is not an advertisement for the benefit of integration to non-disabled students I don't know what is!)

Darla defines Educational Advocacy as assisting an individual with disability and/or their family in the least restrictive manner to help them obtain an needed or desire service provided the educational community.  Linda adds that Educational Advocacy on any level should be done in the most empowering style for the individual, and as appropriate, the student’s family.  The Educational Advocate should support the student or the family to act on their own behalf.

When asked why Educational Advocacy is important Linda reflects that school is meant to prepare us for our futures.  "Our experience in our social groups and our learning groups give us skills to move through our entire life.  It helps us learn not only about ourselves but about how we manage different opinions and different people and how we work together.  If we are in an environment where everyone is “alike”, we don’t learn how to really manage life as an adult."  She said that  Educational Advocacy is important because it is one way to get to this goal.  It reminds and motivates the public school system to do what they are supposed to do for all students.  Darla  adds that " This isn't just a law, it is without a doubt one of the most important rights we can guarantee a student with disabilities.  Disability is a part of the human condition, it is neither something to be isolated from or feared."   Darla thinks that every student with disabilities should be encouraged to find his/her "voice" regardless of whether that is through a state of the art communication device or through encouragement of educators in helping the student with disability in speaking up and out.

If she could wave a magic wand over the education system Linda would assure that all educators would welcome any child into the public school environment without caveats.  Educators would see each child as an individual with unique qualities and to know that they belong in my classroom, in my building, in my district and in my neighborhood.   The true change would be when daily thoughts of teachers, principals, school board members and anyone else involved in education change from  “It is my legal obligation to support a student” to “It is my very own ethics that leads to my responsibility to educate all children, in a way that each child can learn.”

When asked about a great moment in their careers providing educational advocacy Linda wisely opines that great moments happen when the outcome accomplishes what a single child wants and needs.  It can be small or big in other’s viewpoints but if it works for that child it is a great moment.  Darla gives an example describing a situation where she provided educational advocacy to a child who had been placed in a general education setting with NO supports.  He was isolated and failing.  Through advocacy support was provided and within two years there was a complete turnaround, educationally and socially.  The student graduated and started a business and still keeps her up to date about his life, which is a life full of choices and opportunity.

In addition to their amazing educational advocacy they do much more in the broader arena of disability rights work--for example, Darla is the lead advocate in Colorado for people with disabilities who are victims of crime.  Earlier this year,  she led a broad coalition to pass HB 12-1085 which created a hearsay exemption allowing people with communication related disabilities to be able to have a friend or family member testify in court and have what they heard from the victim be considered as evidence.   Darla also represents CCDC and the Arc of Aurora on a task force related to reporting of abuse for at risk adults. Darla has been a leader in trying to establish a process to identify abusive caregivers and keep them out of the system.

Linda has become an active member of the Consumer Directed Attendant Support Services (CDASS) advocacy community. She is a member of the leadership team of advocates that works on these issues and is part of the State CDASS advisory committee (now known as the Participated Directed  Programs Policy Collaborative (PDPPC) and serves on the transparency subcommittee.  She has been a great addition to this group and is passionate about expanding CDASS to all waiver programs, particularly the waivers that serve people with developmental disabilities.  When asked why she is dedicating so much time to this she said " All people have a right to self-determination and I believe we as individuals in this society have an inherent responsibility to do on to others as we would like to have done for ourselves.  The supports provided through CDASS are very personal indeed and if you receive those supports you should absolutely have control over who provides them.  It is why I feel so strongly that CDASS should be available in every waiver."  She correctly points out that  Colorado law does not say that CDASS is available only if you ask-- it says it is to be an option offered in every waiver.

Both Darla and Linda spoke about the influence of their families: Darla's mother  was in a serious car accident that resulted in both mobility challenges and a closed head injury.  The world was a very different place in the 60's including a real lack of recognition that people with disabilities were parents, employees, or actual contributing members of society.  Linda talks about her teenage son and says his presence always reminds me life is a journey not an outcome.

Linda and Darla are both model incredible models and examples of what we would like to see in all professional advocates. CCDC is very grateful that both of these women are part of our advocacy network and our members benefit from their wisdom and strong advocacy.

Amy Robertson and Tim Fox

Photo of Amy Robertson and Tim Fox - July 2012

Amy Robertson and Tim Fox - July 2012

Amy Robertson and Tim Fox are the people of the month for July 2012. Because the American’s with Disabilities Act(ADA) was signed into law July 26, 1990 we always celebrate the birth of the ADA and CCDC in July.   No one more embodies what the ADA is all about than these two individuals.   Amy and Tim are attorneys, partners in law and life and own the Law Firm of Fox and Robertson. (  If you spend any time on the CCDC Legal Program Website you will see their names everywhere as we have worked closely with this amazing law firm, and the people who run it, since before the inception of our legal program.

Amy was destined to become a civil rights lawyer;  her father was a strong active civil rights lawyer and proponent of racial justice he helped implement and enforce the 1964 civil rights act.  By age 13 Amy was already arguing like a lawyer. Tim did not set out to be a lawyer nor did he particularly determine that he would work in civil rights. When he was a junior in college he became a quadriplegic. As a business major, he had already been accepted to do an internship at Gates Rubber but after acquiring a disability, his internship vanished.  Tim began researching fields that he felt would be open to accepting someone with a significant disability—and found the legal community to be more welcoming than the business community.

Both went to top notch law schools, reflective of their incredible intellect.  Tim graduated from Stanford and Amy from Yale and they met in Washington DC where they worked at the same firm.  They were thrown together on a complex and long case and became friends.  Both now admit that they though the other was “cute” but initially were hesitant to date a colleague from the same firm –but that hesitation did not last and the rest is history.    They began doing some work on disability rights as part of their firms pro bono work and both found it interesting.   They came to Denver for a vacation (Tim’s family is here and his father is the well known parent advocate Denver Fox) and decided to move here.      Initially they both got jobs with corporate firms but they quickly got involved in doing pro bono.  Amy recounts a story that she considers a memorable moment in her career.  They had not even moved yet but she was here searching for housing.  She was driving and heard an interview on the radio with someone from CCDC. She felt immediately connected to the organization and decided then and there that they could continue their pro bono and disability rights work by connecting with this organization.

In true CCDC style, once we learned about these amazing attorneys we pounced on them and eagerly accepted all that they had to offer.  They began doing pro bono work with us and initially we were going to run a pro bono referral program, which was a disaster.  We learned from that experience that if disability rights law was to be enforced we would need to take on the time honored civil rights role of "private attorneys general" and enforce the ADA and other laws.  In 1997, CCDC convinced a young attorney graduating from law school (Kevin Williams) to come to CCDC to start a legal program. Around the same time, Amy and Tim left their firms to start a civil rights practice.   CCDC was their first client.

When asked what they like about practicing law they both talk about the creativity and ability to use the law to solve real problems that affect the daily lives of people.   What they could do without, are the few defense attorneys who do not care about what is right and just want to play damaging games.  They are quick to point out that most defense attorneys are professional and ethical people but as always the few that spoil the bunch create a lot of tedium for everyone involved in a case.

When asked how they think the ADA has changed life for people with disabilities they are hard pressed to come up with just one thing as life is so different for people with disabilities.  Tim mentioned travel—before the ADA it would be a full day trying to find an accessible hotel, and if you needed ground transportation that would be an even bigger hassle.  Today, one need only go on Expedia or other travel sites to find a hotel and accessible transportation can usually be located with ease.  The biggest change however is that now we have something we can do about discrimination--a disappearing internship for today's college student may not happen today but if it did there would be a legal remedy.   Amy and Tim are part of that remedy.

Outside of the law their hobbies include their dogs, sports, poker for Tim and photography for Amy.  Amy has also been known to blog –and her work is a great read!

Amy and Tim are among the top disability rights attorneys in the country and have worked nationally but especially in Colorado to make the ADA reality.   CCDC is proud of our 15 year relationship with Amy and Tim and remains a proud client of the Law Firm of Fox and Robertson.

Anne-Marie Mokritsky-Martin

Photo of Anne-Marie Mokritsky-Martin


June 2012 - Anne-Marie Mokritsky-Martin Person of the Month

June is Effective Communication Month!   Our person of the month is one who provided significant amounts of education about effective communication and it’s multiple uses to CCDC Anne-Marie Mokritsky-Martin our Lead Housing Advocate.

When we met Anne Marie in 2004 she shared with us ways to accommodate people with Traumatic Brain Injury.  She gave us ideas that we have now incorporated into our training that we provide to professionals.  Ideas such as providing email summaries of conversations for those with memory impairments or auditory processing deficiencies (and likewise providing verbal summaries of written information for people with visual processing deficits) have revolutionized the way we think about effective communication.  Not only has it expanded our view of true cross-disability inclusion (meaning that effective communication must be for everyone not only those who are Deaf or blind) but even beyond brain injury.   Many of the techniques that she told us would work for people with brain injury we learned would work with many disability types including people with some types of mental illness and developmental/intellectual disabilities.

CCDC provided advocacy services to Anne Marie, but got back way more than we put in as Anne Marie has become our lead housing advocate.  She is the thorn in the side of non compliant housing authorities and the equalizer for people with disabilities being abused by housing providers whose grasp of civil rights is weak.  In 2010 she won the Jerry Urban Memorial David & Goliath award for her willigness to fight against the big guys and win.  This award was named for Jerry Urban, who was a CCDC member known for taking on impossible adversaries and winning the old fashioned way—because he was right. She is also known for filing the occasional (ok, actually frequent) Colorado Open Records Act or Federal Freedom of Information Act requests.

Before she suffered a traumatic brain injury she was an intellectual property paralegal in Texas and learned excellent research and writing skills of the legal profession and has taken that knowledge to help people with disabilities---of course without engaging in the unauthorized practice of law!

I have heard from many of her clients and their works echo these sentiments written by one client “Anne Marie inspires people and shines in a world where too many people seem to not care or feel powerless to do anything to help."  "She showed me how much knowledge of the rules and discovering information can help yourself as well as others.”   Another client said “When Anne Marie got involved with my case was the first time I felt supported and like I had the right to live with dignity.”

Despite all of her accomplishments professionally, the one she is most proud of is how she has raised her son Julian.  She has a lot to be proud of as Julian is a brilliant, wise, artistic, and resourceful young man with a great sense of humor. He is currently a student at the University of Colorado in Boulder.  Raising him has always been her number one priority.

In addition to being a fierce advocate for social justice, she is also an artist and loves organic gardening, culinary arts, hiking, the environment, and is an animal rights activist; with a small menagerie of mostly rescued animals at her side.   (Yes she lives in the Republic of Boulder).

Anne Marie’s ability to explain effective communication, and more importantly to explain what is like when someone does not receive these usually simple accommodations is an incredible gift to CCDC.   She is a terrific teacher—her teaching extends far beyond effective communication.  She has recently developed an advanced advocacy training curriculum for housing advocacy.   The reviews have been spectacular.   CCDC is lucky to have a dedicated and knowledgeable person like Anne Marie as one of our leaders. We wanted to honor her as someone who has dramatically improved our understanding and application of effective communication in our cross-disability spirit.

Rolf Kotar

Photo of Rolf Kotar


May 2012 - Rolf Kotar Person of the Month

Rolf Kotar  is our  person of the month for May 2012.  May is Mental Health month and CCDC wanted to profile someone who has contributed personally and professionally to the area of social justice for people with mental illness.  Rolf is our Mental Health Public Policy Liaison.  Rolf also lives with a serious mental illness.

Rolf has been with CCDC since July 01, 1997.   He originally came to CCDC because he wanted to write grant proposals.  He initially tried without success to get hired by mental health agencies and  was put off by every agency.  He found out about CCDC approached the former Executive Director Jean Parker.  She asked if he was dependable and asked him to prove it by writing for our newsletter.  When CCDC printed what he wrote in our newsletter he continued to seek a job as a grant writer.  He was offered a volunteer position and told (like others who eventually become paid employees at CCDC) that he needed to show us what he could do first.  Within three months he had his first grant funded and it was our first time being accepted by the Denver Foundation.  That successful grant was followed by several more and over the years he obtained thousands of dollars for CCDC.   After more than five years he was a bit burnt out on writing grants but CCDC began experiencing an increase in mental health advocacy calls and a need to have several key policy meetings in the mental health arena covered.  In keeping with our motto "nothing about us without us" CCDC needed to make sure that someone who lived with a mental illness and who would be connected to others with mental illness attended these meetings on our behalf.  The timing was right so Rolf became our Mental Health Policy Liaison and has served CCDC well in that role ever since.

Rolf first experienced mental illness as a college student doing a work study in a job in a Georgia Hospital.  His goal was to become a counselor but he was also planning to become a registered nurse for job security.   He started becoming irrational and had some scary things happen with his thinking.  It got worse and worse and finally he had a full blown psychotic episode in 1980 and had to come home.  He found a great social worker who worked with his whole family.  He got treatment and four years later returned to college (Antioch) and graduated.

Rolf introduces himself at meetings as the Mental Health Policy Liaison for CCDC not as a person with a mental illness because of that stigma by professionals.    In his private life he is very open.    Being mentally ill is part of who he is and his self concept.   Rolf said he has found all too often that the stigma is the worst among those who should know better, mental health professionals.  CCDC hears this from many of our members. Rolf recalled an experience when he was trying to get hired as a grant writer by a mental health center.  The person in charge of hiring asked Rolf how many years he has been in treatment ,and when Rolf said 26 years the person just sighed and walked away.  Rolf regularly shares about other professionals who are respectful and competent but wishes that the stigma would not be so prevalent among those whose who are paid to help those who live with mental illness.

He would love to not be mentally ill and would take the cure if he could;  but when asked if there was anything positive about having a mental illness he said that in recovering from he has learned to get past very difficult times and have a lot of success in my life that I would not have had otherwise.    He has learned how to help himself to the point where he is able to withstand difficult life events.

Rolf says that the stigma is much more disabling than any mental illness because the stigma is what keeps us out of jobs.  The stigma also impairs self confidence and self worth.  Rolf says that many of us who have been in treatment for so many years label ourselves according to the stigma and then we sabotage ourselves and become more dependent on the care we get.  We become afraid to take a risk.   Rolf says that this happens when people get rejected so many times due to the stigma that they stop trying.   Rolf said we need a better definition of disability and it should not be tied to work because many people can work sometimes and not others.  He said the same needs to apply to treatment. People need to be able to access treatment when they need it without having to be in extensive treatment all of the time--however those with lifelong mental illness should not lose all access to treatment just because they are doing well.   The old model of mental health treatment was to be in treatment every week or even more frequently.  Due to changes in funding treatment is no longer something that one gets every week but one is supposed to be able to go for a few sessions and take what they learn and use in the community.  It is more like crisis intervention.  Rolf does not see this as all bad and believes that it is OK to reduce frequency of treatment as long as a counselor is available in case something comes up and the client or patient needs to be seen.  Using medication is a very individual choice that should be respected.  Rolf has chosen to use it and feels he is able to function better because of medication but respects choices made by friends and colleagues and believes that this is a highly personal decision.

Rolf has many other interests.  He has a lifelong interest in classical music.  He played clarinet for many years and has played guitar for past 16 years.  He also enjoys photography and has been published and has had feature articles published in publications that have a broad readership.

As an employee and colleague and member Rolf has been a terrific addition to the CCDC family.  He is dependable, reliable, loyal, and hard working.  If Rolf says he will do something it will get done and will be done properly.  Rolf takes his responsibilities seriously and has always shown the respect for diversity that is such as strong value for CCDC.

Mike Hoover

Photo of Mike Hoover, April's Person of the Month


April 2012 - Mike Hoover Person of the Month

April is Autism Awareness Month and I asked Mike Hoover to be our person of the month.   Usually I ask people questions and then edit their responses into a write up but Mike's responses are so great just as answers that I decided to just leave this question and answer format this time.  Let us know if you like this.   Mike was one of the first people I noticed in Colorado back in 1994 when I first arrived.  I went to a conference sponsored by the Colorado Developmental Disability Council---it was actually a working meeting that led to a group of us creating the CDASS program in Colorado.  Mike was there with his mother Donna, who is an amazing and terrific woman in her own right and clearly someone who has played a big part in Mike's success.   In those days not much was said about Autism--certainly no commercials on television.   I have seen Mike around the capitol and public policy world consistently since that time.  Mike has always used his experiences to help others.  Mike is out there in the community educating people every day and we are thrilled that he was willing to share more about himself and his disability for our April web site.  We will be having a special guest moderator on our Facebook page--another autism expert Betty Lehman.  We will be asking you to submit questions, engage in discussion and help get involved in activities to educate the community that people with autism are not broken or defective but different.  They may need accommodations but do not need to be fixed as Mike so eloquently explains.  

Julie Reiskin
Executive Director 

Mike Hoover's Interview

Q: April is autism awareness month:  As a person with autism, what do you think others most need to understand about Autism?

A: I think people need to understand that autism is not a disease, it is a neurological condition. It may be accompanied by other disorders such as seizures or gastro issues. People who have autism need to have the society around them respect their rights to be in society. I think I like the increasing awareness that people with autism have gained in recent years to be fully included in much of Colorado.

Q: If there was a cure for autism would you want it?  In other words, would you want to be a person without a disability?   Explain why or why not?

A: I need to tell the readers that I have been very fortunate to have a supportive family, good schools, and a service provider that listens to my choices. I think I need to tell you there are things I wish I could change, but I have skills that are part of my autism that I have that make my life good. I don't want those things to go away. They are part of who I am. No, I don't want a cure. Just get the world to be a bit kinder, please.

Q: Explain your communication system:  How does it work?

A: I communicate in several ways. I have some routine phrases and use them in daily life . People who understand my echolalia ask multiple choice questions so I can echo the answer. Then I also type to communicate on a variety of devices. I use facilitated communication, a method that accesses the rhythm center in my brain to reach my communication ability. I am practicing setting my own rhythm and using less support. I need to tell you it is always my words, not the facilitator. I hope to become more independent and just have my facilitator nearby.

Q: What is one thing you think most of us don't understand about Autism that you want us to understand?

A: The one thing is we are not stupid. The people who do not talk often get treated very badly. Think how your life would be if you could not express your needs and be very respectful to everyone. Don't talk in front of them as if they are not there. I think I love that mom never treated me like I was stupid even though I did not develop typed communication until I was twenty.

Q: What is something that is cool about having Autism?

A: It can be a number of different things. People with autism are not the same. For me I like that I remember things very well. I have the ability to do many things after being shown once. I like being able to find places again after visiting them one time.

Q: Tell us about yourself--what do you do with your time?    What are you most proud of?     Why do you spend time doing things in the disability community?

A: I am a guy who never grew out of the desire to have fun. I love happy movies, especially Disney and I love going to new places. I love cooking and art and I love going to movies and concerts. I work part time at a brewery. I volunteer at church as a deacon. I was in a play in January. My friend, Jaison Hart wrote the play.  I like being on the Colorado Developmental Disabilities Council. I am on the public policy committee. I am a volunteer lobbyist at the Colorado legislature. I am a member of Watch Our Words, a group of communication device users. I have given trainings and presentations in Colorado and nationally. I think I feel that going to these events is what I should be doing to help others get their rights to a good life.

Q: What is a movie or book you have enjoyed recently?

A: I loved the movie Hugo. I loved that the boy learned from watching others and never gave up. I love movies and get to go to only a few a year, but I watch my DVDs.

Q: Who is your favorite hero in history?

A: I think my favorite hero is Bob Williams. He uses a device to communicate and he gets the word out to help change society. I love that he travels all over and gets the message of justice for all people out.

Q: What is a quote that you live by?

A: I think I need to always follow nothing about us without us.

Q: Is there anything else you want CCDC members to know?

A: I need to thank Julie for inviting me to be on the website. I need to tell people that if they feel stuck, do not give up. It can take a lot of work, but together we can find a way. 

Mike Hoover


Suzanne Brennan

Photo of Suzanne Brennan

March 2012 - Suzanne Brennan Person of the Month

Suzanne Brennan is the CCDC Person of the Month for March which is Women's History Month!

Suzanne is our Medicaid director--every time we get a new governor much attention is paid to who will be the Executive Director of the Department of Health Care Policy and Financing--the agency that oversees all publicly funded health care programs.  One of the most important things that person does is hire the Medicaid director.  No other position has as much influence on our day to day lives as our Medicaid director.  CCDC has been pleased with the efforts made by Suzanne, and her willingness to listen and include Medicaid clients in policymaking.  When asked how she came to be the Medicaid director she said she felt a pull to make a difference and that it felt like the right thing to do.  She had been a Senior Program Officer at the Colorado Health Foundation and was often in conversations about "sustainability" and lamenting that "once the system worked the way it should" there would not be a need for so many grants since people would have access to insurance.  When offered the position she saw an opportunity to enter "the system" and work on the fundamental issues around sustainability and coverage.

Her main goals as Medicaid director are to
•    Create a high performing department that is operationally excellent
•    Provide excellent customer service to stakeholders, customers, and each other
•    Work collaboratively as a team
•    Empower HCPF staff to be able to do their jobs well and feel good about what they do.
•    Help to prioritize what we do and provide focus
•    Improve the operations of our Long Terms Services and Supports programs.

She got interested in health care because she enjoys complex challenges and intellectually stimulating work that makes a difference in peoples lives.  She worked in telecommunications right after the AT&T monopoly was broken up and saw innovations occur as a result of customer demand.  She sees the same opportunities in health care and also saw the gap in data flow and believes that we can improve healthcare delivery if we have better information flowing between providers and clients.  She also noticed that there was far too little focus in health care on the patient/client experience.   She noted that other professions and even businesses focus more on the customer experience and that we need to create this focus in health care. It needs to become more "person centric"

Back to women's history when asked who is a woman in history you admire and why she pointed to Madeleine Albright, the first female US Secretary of Sate and the highest ranking woman in the history of US Government.  Suzanne says that Ms. Albright was very strong and skillful, operating in a highly complex environment.  She said "I was just so impressed with how polished she was and the inner strength and fortitude she exuded."   Suzanne thinks that while there are still differences for women in management things are much better than when she started in the telecommunications industry.  She says she may be less aware of the differences because she is so focused on the work.  She also noted that in government and non profit organizations there are more women in leadership.

She has both her masters and bachelors degree from Dartmouth College and had the opportunity to study in France for one semester, an experience she found gratifying.   She has worked throughout her career in technology, for profit, non profit, philanthropy and this is her first job in government.  CCDC has noticed that she brings a fresh and much needed perspective and most important that her words are followed by actions.    She is an independent thinker and an excellent listener.  She said that she tries to listen to what every person says for that pearl of information or perspective and tries to open herself up to all types of people.  She strives to avoid being judgmental and believes that we only have one life to live so we better make the most of it.

1.    When asked what is a quote that she likes to live by she said her favorite was for the book "The Four Agreements" Be impeccable with your word - Speak with integrity. Say only what you mean. Avoid using the word to speak against yourself or to gossip about others. Use the power of your word in the direction of truth and love.

2.    Don’t take anything personally - Nothing others do is because of you. What others say and do is a projection of their own reality, their own dream. When you are immune to the opinions and actions of others, you won’t be the victim of needless suffering.

3.    Don’t make assumptions - Find the courage to ask questions and to express what you really want. Communicate with others as clearly as you can to avoid misunderstandings, sadness and drama. With just this one agreement, you can completely transform your life.

4.    Always do your best - Your best is going to change from moment to moment; it will be different when you are healthy as opposed to sick. Under any circumstance, simply do your best, and you will avoid self-judgment, self-abuse and regret.
Suzanne is an avid horseperson and has three horses, two dogs and three cats--and a husband!  She rides year round no matter the weather and has lived in Colorado for about twenty years.

She would like to leave a legacy at HCPF of people feeling proud of the work they do, and to instill the approach of being client and family centered.  She wants to see the residents of Colorado believe that HCPF is a well run agency that serves clients well and uses funds responsibly.

CCDC shares these goals and looks forward to continuing to work with Suzanne to make them reality.

Babs Johnson

Photo of Babs Johnson

January 2012 - Babs Johnson

Babs Johnson is a slight woman who has had an enormous impact on disability rights.  With a base in Denver but an impact that spread throughout the country.  January is “Independent Living” month so it makes sense that we focus on someone who has been the glue holding together Colorado’s first center for Independent Living.

Babs is currently the interim director of the Atlantis Community.  The Atlantis Community is a fixture in disability culture in Denver and is known internationally as the birthplace of ADAPT.  Founded in 70’s as the nation’s second Independent Living Center ever since 1980 Babs Johnson has been an important part of this community.  She came to Atlantis from Wyoming, where she was born and raised.  She had done some disability work in Wyoming working on implementation of section 504—which prohibited discrimination based on disability in federally funded programs and was drawn to disability rights.  In the intervening three decades Babs has done almost every job there is to do at Atlantis, starting as an attendant and ending as an interim director.  However her rise from an entry level to director position is not what gets Babs excited—what gets her passion going is talking about people with disabilities getting to make choices and have full lives as valued and respected citizens.  You can hear the passion in her voice when she tells me what Independent Living means to her—which is that you have control over the decisions in your life, the freedom to live where you want, go where you want and to interact in society. 

I asked her what is the biggest change she has seen in our community since she started on this journey and she said that it is that we now have a sense of pride in who we are as a people.  She said that we finally know how that we are first class citizens and are entitled to respect for our rights.  She said rights include everything from accessibility to housing to having necessary services that support independent living.  When asked what things will look like in 20 years if we do our job she said –without hesitation—no more nursing homes.   I asked her what she thought of the commonly held perspective that nursing homes are a necessary part of the “long term care continuum”.  She said “I don’t believe that because I have helped to provide services for people that no one thought could be served in the community, including one person in a coma and another person who could only communicate by eye blinks.  Both of them thrived and improved and the person in the coma became responsive.  That would not have happened in a facility. “She went on to say “I do believe that society has engrained in people that they have to go into a nursing home so that they won’t be a burden on someone else” and also spoke of the learned helplessness that is created by institutional mindsets.

Babs feels strongly about the COMMUNITY aspect of Atlantis Community.  She raised her children at the office –if you can call it an office because it is really a community center.  When I asked her about this –and if it was a deliberate choice to engage her children in the disability community she seemed perplexed.  Why wouldn’t I fully engage my family?   She explained that Atlantis is a lifestyle, not just a place.  The community aspect is extremely important.  She said with pride that she has always shared holidays with others from the Atlantis Community and that she believes the sense of community is why it works.  About raising her children within the disability rights movement she said “By raising them in the community it gave them understanding and empathy of disability, sensitivity and both are giving, caring people”.    She also said that because the work of disability rights, especially being a pioneer and getting people out of nursing facilities, is so intense that a natural closeness forms among those working and those receiving services.  Many of those who receive services from the Atlantis Community go on to work there, or at least volunteer. 

All of them are members of ADAPT, the activist arm.  ADAPT began as Americans for Accessible Public Transit and fought for lifts on busses, with Denver being at the forefront of that fight.  Then they went on to be the primary group responsible for getting the ADA passed, then became American Disabled for Attendant Programs Today and now are simply ADAPT.  Currently they focus on the right to community based services.  “Our homes not nursing homes” is their “tag line”.    Babs went on every national action up until the 25th action and stopped counting how many times she was arrested at 35.  ADAPT is a huge part of her life and she believes that the activism must accompany the services.   As one of the founding members of ADAPT, Babs has seen how direct action works and has helped to use it to change the world.

James McBryan

Photo of James McBryan (left) with fellow OURVOLTS colleague (right)

December 2011 - James McBryan

At 26 years old, Oakland, California resident James McBryan has already contributed so much to his community.  He has always had a passion for helping others and wants to change the world in every way that he can, from big to small.  

In August of this year, James participated in Project Freshkicks, which paired nonprofits with web development companies that want to give back.  James and his team from TechScouts (formerly Twomile) coded for 24 hours straight in order to build a beautiful new website for CCDC.  The team was made up of designer Jay Darnell, developer Kevin Major, and James McBryan as project manager and developer.  Together they revamped CCDC's website and launched it the next day!  They all loved working on the project together and had a great experience.  

TechScouts, James' web development company, strives to make an impact on the community and the world by working with social start-ups and entrepreneurs, building products that help the community such as OurVolts (a free volunteer tracking system), and maintaining a pro bono grant program for nonprofits that need websites.

The TechScouts pro bono program is meant to lend nonprofits a hand with updating or revamping their websites.  In this day and age, everyone has a website, and so much of people's first impression with a nonprofit is with their website's front page.  However, nonprofits often find it difficult to budget for a new website - that is why TechScouts offers a pro bono grant program to which nonprofits can apply.

A little more about CCDC's person of the month - not only is James dedicated to making a difference through his company, but in his personal life as well.  James has traveled down to Honduras several times to help a rural school system revitalize their computer network.  He even brought down more volunteers through Engineers Without Borders to help make a greater impact not only with their network but their education system as well.  

James is also an active, dedicated member of the swing dancing community in Berkeley, California.  For several years during his undergraduate studies and as an alum, James taught free informal swing dancing lessons on campus, choreographed performances, and organized a student-run swing class for credit in order to spread his love of the music and the dance to others.  James continued to be a part of the swing community by helping to found The Dancers' Den, a beautiful indoor swing dance in a historic ballroom.

All of these contributions to society made it easy for people that know James to nominate and vote for him to be the Taproot Foundation's first ever Pro Bono Role Model of the Year.  And he won!  James went to the National Conference on Volunteering and Service in New Orleans as his prize and met some great people.  

In James' own words, it's all about encouraging and empowering others. "I want to help in the hardest situations, fix the biggest problems in the world, but I can't. Not alone at least. The pro bono activity I contribute to the world is supporting others. I seriously believe helping other people's dreams, being their first follower, and making them feel like a super hero can make the biggest change."

CCDC is grateful to James and his team from TechScouts (formerly Twomile) for their continued generosity.  TechScouts has a unique understanding and perspective of the needs of nonprofits.  For more information about James, the TechScouts and to see their portfolio, please visit their website at

The Goguen-Bolduc Family

November 2011 - The Goguen-Bolduc Family

When told that our family would be featured on the CCDC website for National Caregivers Month, I pondered what made our family unique and qualified to be given such an honor. I was asked to send a copy of a family photo. As I searched through our photos, I realized that there was not have a single photo that I could entitle “our family.” I choice a photo of the adoption of our daughter. It shows my husband and I as parents and several of our children. It shows our precious grandson. Most of all, it shows our family’s growth. Our family has an ever-changing membership. It is not defined by biological connections or even legal definitions. For a time, I would define it as “the Brady bunch” gone awry! When my husband and I first married, it was a traditional blended (more liked diced than blended) family of yours and mine; 3 boys and two girls. Within a short period of time, we would call it “yours, mine and the State’s.” Then there was the young adults who came for dinner and left several months later. We added a “ours” several years later – a child that we call “the keeper” after we agreed to babysit him for a weekend and he stayed for 6 years. We adopted him and held him as he passed from this world. We did not have the privilege of welcoming him into this world, but we had the great honor of helping him pass to his next great adventure. With his passing, we added friends who held us in their hearts during our time of grieving and healing. They became our brothers and sisters as we shared laughter and tears, blessings and heartache, holidays and, of course, lots of food! Our children added a grandson and we expect more grandchildren to expand our family even more in the future. We decided we were not “empty nester” kind of people and welcomed our teenage daughter into our ever growing circle that we call “family.” People enter, leave and re-enter our family for a variety of reasons – through birth, marriage, adoption, invitation, and circumstances in our life or their lives. Sometimes they like us; sometimes they love us; sometimes they get angry at us; sometimes they forgive us. We value each relationship. I believe that is what makes our family unique and worthy of this honor by CCDC.

Some might say that our family is unique in that it is a diverse group of abilities and quirks. We are tall, short, skinny, plus-size, light-skinned, mocha skinned, blond-haired, brown-haired, grey-haired, white-haired, no-haired; we are young and old; we have mental health needs, physical health needs, sensory needs, Autism, developmental disabilities; we have gifts and challenges. We care for each other and we give care to each other. We are all caregivers. We thank you for this honor.

Lloyd Lewis

Photo of Lloyd Lewis

October 2011 - Lloyd Lewis

Since 1945 October has been a month in the United States where we promote the employment of people with disabilities.  Yet, only about 17.7% of people with disabilities were employed as opposed to 68.8% of those without disabilities.  The unemployment rate stays consistently double for people with disabilities when compared with those without disabilities. There are books, articles, blogs and billions of dollars spent on government programs to combat these horrific statistics. We can all talk forever about the reasons for this.  People with disabilities are sick of talk and want action. It is with pride that we introduce Lloyd Lewis as our person of the month for October. Lloyd is a man of action.  His action is spurred by intense passion and commitment and the results are amazing.  Lloyd is almost halfway through a first term as the President of the Board of the Colorado Cross-Disability Coalition.  He is the President and CEO of the Arc Thrift Stores and has been for six years.  Arc Thrift is an incredible operation employing more than 1,000 Coloradans, including MANY people with disabilities in their stores throughout Colorado.  The profit, which has been increased significantly by Lloyd’s efforts, supports the great work of the Arc and related organizations throughout Colorado. Before coming to Arc Thrift Lloyd worked in the business world, mostly in the financial and technology industries.  He has a strong business and financial background including a Masters Degree in Business from the University of Chicago.   Lloyd serves on a number of boards including the Mile High Down Syndrome Association and the Colorado Consumer Health Initiative. His favorite and most important role however, is that of a dad.  Lloyd has two grown children and two young children.  His younger children, seen in the picture, are Aiden who is 5 and Kennedy who is 7.   Lloyd loves hanging out with his sons, their bedtime routine, watching them grow and play. What would make someone leave the world of high finance, high tech with the attendant salaries and move to the non-profit world?   Disability entered Lloyd’s life when his son Kennedy was born with Down syndrome.  Lloyd’s love for Kennedy and Aiden is clear in his face when he talks about them and is obvious to even a casual observer observing them together.  Many people become depressed when acquiring a disability or learning that ones child has a disability.  There is no doubt that it is a major life change.  At that juncture one can sink into a cycle of despair and hopelessness and see disability as a tragedy or one can take action to address any concerns.  Lloyd chose the later and has done so with gusto.  He does not see Kennedy as tragic or pathetic.  When he talks about Kennedy he talks about a sweet little boy who loves to laugh and make others laugh and whose favorite thing to do is dance—so much so that he even would dance to the sound of a garage door opener! Acknowledging the reality that Kennedy and many of us with disabilities will always have a need for supports is different than assuming that we are not only capable of contributing to our communities but are responsible to be engaged citizens. In our society, most people between the ages of 18-65 work or engage in activities to move towards employment such as college, trade school, etc.    For this work we need employers willing to hire us and hold us accountable and help us succeed by providing training and reasonable accommodations and most importantly by having high expectations.   All too often erroneous assumptions are made that organizations that are mission driven cannot be profitable.  Lloyd has proven that to be a fallacy and in fact demonstrates that being mission driven is essential for profitability and productivity.

Since Lloyd became CEO of Arc Thrift he increased employment of people with disabilities from 25 people to 200.  With a workforce of 1000 the 200 employees with disabilities work side by side with their non-disabled colleagues.   Lloyd is clear that he does not hire people with disabilities out of pity or to be a nice guy.  He is a business man and if he does not turn a profit to support the business and the Arcs who rely on this funding it fails.  He explains that hiring people with disabilities and being mission focused is good for the bottom line.  He says that he hires people who are dedicated, committed team players who contribute to high employee moral.  Employee moral increases productivity which in turn increases sales and earnings. When people know why they are going to work each day they do a better job-a phenomena we have certainly seen at CCDC. When asked why he feels that employment should be a priority of the disability community he says “for most people work is one of the major drivers of self esteem and self worth, this is no less true for people with disabilities.”

His dream for Kennedy is he achieves his potential (whatever that is), be happy, appreciated by others in the community, have a job and live as independently as possible.

As CCDC becomes a 21st century civil rights organization we benefit from Lloyd’s leadership.  21 years after the ADA we can no longer accept society relegating us to a status of simply being consumers or commodities rather than citizens.  We must have full access and can no longer accept simply not being institutionalized as enough.  We need to make sure that all of us have the tools we need to achieve our potential, be appreciated by our communities because we are engaged responsible citizens with a lot to contribute.   Clearly Lloyd has a lot on his plate and when asked why he accepted an invitation to join the CCDC board, then the position of Board President he said  “CCDC one of the most prominent disability advocacy groups, well respected, a mover and shaker in the disability advocacy community.”   When asked about his dreams for CCDC over the next few years his response was  that he would like to see a substantial growth in resources, even greater success at the state level, more visibility and awareness of the importance of equality and inclusion of people with disabilities.

CCDC is fortunate to have a man of action, who is deeply passionate about disability rights, with the business background that we need as our Board President.


Ron Hutter

Photo of Ron Hutter coming across the finish line on his bike!

September 2011 - Ron Hutter

Ron Hutter is the first CCDC member of the month. Ron won the Dan Davidson Award for Inclusion in Employment in July. Ron got his job with the Cherry Creek School District about the same time CCDC was founded, in 1990. He has kept the job for 21 years. I asked Ron why he works and he answered with a chuckle that it keeps him from being a couch potato. On a more serious note, he talked about how he has developed friendships in the workplace and that he loves children. His particular job is assisting children with disabilities on the school bus and Ron lives to help others.

I asked Ron, why he wants to help others so much –knowing that so many in our society are not interested in supporting neighbors, coworkers, or even family members. He was shocked at the question and said that helping people when he can, how he can and where he can is just who he is—a core component of his personality. Anyone who has met Ron will know this to be true. I cannot remember any CCDC event since Ron joined where he has not come in cheerfully, given me a hug and asked what he can do to help—and whatever it is that is asked he does it with a smile. He says helping people and just being part of the workforce is more important to him than the paycheck. He does earn a real living and the paycheck is important, it simply not the only reason he works.

It was not surprising, when asked why he is a member of CCDC that he answered that being part of CCDC helps me to help others. He also said CCDC stands for something good for the people who are disabled. He became involved with CCDC after his older brother joined the organization.

Ron has several hobbies. His family has owned an auto repair shop since the 60’s so fixing stuff was probably in his blood. He took apart his first carburetor at age six. He also likes to work on computers and loves trucks. His other big hobby is sports and he has participated in Special Olympics since he was eight years old. He does cross country skiing, snow shoes, bowling, cycling, golf, and swimming. He used to coach basketball but has not had time lately. He trains for each event in between competitions, and each training session lasts for eight weeks. Sometimes he trains for two sports at once.

I asked him what is different for kids today than it was for him as a child, growing up with a disability. He said that when he was a child most disabled children were institutionalized. He proudly mentioned that his parents would “never let that happen”. He was proud that the school district he works for, (Cherry Creek) has been recognized for having quality programs for children with disabilities.

CCDC member Donna Sablan presented the Davidson Award to Ron and referred to him as a hero. Ron said “I don’t see myself as a hero—I don’t know what it is like to be without a disability. I only know my life as it is and I like my life.”

I nominated Ron for the Davidson award because he is a perfect role model for a modern person with a disability. He works at a mainstream job with equal pay. He will advocate for himself and others as needed, and does not see his disability as a reason to be less than anyone else. He is proud of taking extra responsibilities at work as needed. While he is fully integrated at work, he has not distanced himself from the disability community, rather he embraces it. Too many of us have acted as if integration must be all or nothing. Folks who get mainstream jobs often distance themselves from the disability community—conversely some of us in the disability community are too insular and do not venture outside of our world enough. Ron strikes the perfect balance and is a role model. He does not separate who he is from his disability and does not see his disability as a deficit.

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